How to format your references using the Soft Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soft Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Calling for entrepreneurs London. Nature 419:4–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert KA, Thompson MB (2001) Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature 412:698–699
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambertucci SA, Shepard ELC, Wilson RP (2015) Ecology. Human-wildlife conflicts in a crowded airspace. Science 348:502–504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vaudry D, Stork PJS, Lazarovici P, Eiden LE (2002) Signaling pathways for PC12 cell differentiation: making the right connections. Science 296:1648–1649

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A (2010) New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lopez J, Ray I, Crispo B (eds) (2015) Risks and Security of Internet and Systems: 9th International Conference, CRiSIS 2014, Trento, Italy, August 27-29, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Demena Travis L (2005) Articulated vPS and the Computation of Aspectual Classes. In: Kempchinsky P, Slabakova R (eds) Aspectual Inquiries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soft Computing.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) China’s Moon Rover Is Officially Dead. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Award of Grant by the San Francisco Operations Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration for the Energy Awareness Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang A (2006) Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2001) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Chechnya Death Toll. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Robert and Thompson 2001; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Thompson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Vaudry et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoft Computing
AbbreviationSoft Comput.
ISSN (print)1432-7643
ISSN (online)1433-7479
ScopeSoftware
Geometry and Topology
Theoretical Computer Science

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