How to format your references using the Administrative Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Administrative Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinney, J.D. Technology: Photonics Illuminates the Future of Radar. Nature 2014, 507, 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, X.; Xu, J. Dietary and Circulating Lycopene and Stroke Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spencer, T.J.; Osborn, T.; Kohl, P.A. Materials Science. High-Frequency Chip Connections. Science 2008, 320, 756–757.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y.-Q.; Jiang, R.; Kolomeisky, A.B.; Hu, M.-B. Bulk Induced Phase Transition in Driven Diffusive Systems. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michaelian, K.H. Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471721192.
An edited book
lisahunter Participatory Activist Research in the Globalised World: Social Change Through the Cultural Professions; Emerald, E., Martin, G., Eds.; Explorations of Educational Purpose; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; Vol. 26; ISBN 9789400744257.
A chapter in an edited book
Ji, Y.; Christopherson, G.T.; Kluk, M.W.; Amrani, O.; Jackson, W.M.; Nesti, L.J. Heterotopic Ossification Following Musculoskeletal Trauma: Modeling Stem and Progenitor Cells in Their Microenvironment. In Human Cell Transformation: Role of Stem Cells and the Microenvironment; Rhim, J.S., Kremer, R., Eds.; Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; pp. 39–50 ISBN 9781461402534.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Administrative Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Engineer Bacteria To Replicate Color Photographs Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Higher Education: Issues Related to Law School Accreditation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhou, Y. Resource Management in Wireless Networks: Queue Management and Scheduling in Mesh Networks and Multi-Access Control in Internetworking Systems. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. England vs. United States: The Beauty of Anticipation. New York Times 2010, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdministrative Sciences
AbbreviationAdm. Sci.
ISSN (online)2076-3387

Other styles