How to format your references using the Administrative Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Administrative Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cooper, A.I. Materials Chemistry: Cooperative Carbon Capture. Nature 2015, 519, 294–295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth, M.S.; Deheyn, D.D. Effects of Cold Stress and Heat Stress on Coral Fluorescence in Reef-Building Corals. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Purdy, T.P.; Peterson, R.W.; Regal, C.A. Observation of Radiation Pressure Shot Noise on a Macroscopic Object. Science 2013, 339, 801–804.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tahirov, T.H.; Temiakov, D.; Anikin, M.; Patlan, V.; McAllister, W.T.; Vassylyev, D.G.; Yokoyama, S. Structure of a T7 RNA Polymerase Elongation Complex at 2.9 A Resolution. Nature 2002, 420, 43–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M. Running an Effective Investor Relations Department; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118268209.
An edited book
Lie Theory: Unitary Representations and Compactifications of Symmetric Spaces; Anker, J.-P., Orsted, B., Eds.; Progress in Mathematics; Birkhäuser: Boston, MA, 2005; Vol. 229; ISBN 9780817635268.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, U.; Majumder, M. Result and Discussion. In Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro-turbine Selections; Majumder, M., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Energy; Springer: Singapore, 2016; pp. 19–41 ISBN 9789812872388.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Administrative Sciences.

Blog post
Evans, K. Reindeer: The Secret Weapon To Combat Climate Change? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terrell, S. How Global Leaders Develop: A Phenomenological Study of Global Leadership Development. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. Newly Selected Chief of Staff Is Widely Known for Loyalty. New York Times 1992, 134.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdministrative Sciences
AbbreviationAdm. Sci.
ISSN (online)2076-3387

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