How to format your references using the Entropy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entropy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ingebritsen, S.E. Geochemistry. Modeling the Formation of Porphyry-Copper Ores. Science 2012, 338, 1551–1552.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinchen, J.M.; Ravichandran, K.S. Identification of Two Evolutionarily Conserved Genes Regulating Processing of Engulfed Apoptotic Cells. Nature 2010, 464, 778–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koschowitz, M.-C.; Fischer, C.; Sander, M. Evolution. Beyond the Rainbow. Science 2014, 346, 416–418.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eckburg, P.B.; Bik, E.M.; Bernstein, C.N.; Purdom, E.; Dethlefsen, L.; Sargent, M.; Gill, S.R.; Nelson, K.E.; Relman, D.A. Diversity of the Human Intestinal Microbial Flora. Science 2005, 308, 1635–1638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, J.-F. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 3; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118931288.
An edited book
Moltó, A. A Nonlinear Transfer Technique for Renorming; Orihuela, J., Troyanski, S., Valdivia, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Mathematics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 1951; ISBN 9783540850304.
A chapter in an edited book
Abtew, W.; Melesse, A. Vapor Pressure Calculation Methods. In Evaporation and Evapotranspiration: Measurements and Estimations; Melesse, A., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 53–62 ISBN 9789400747364.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entropy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. The Origin Of Earth’s Oldest Crystals Has Been Revealed Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ulaganathan, M.N. Building a Volunteered Geographic Information System (VGIS): A Mobile Application for Disaster Management. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Economy and All, Budgets Sail Through. New York Times 2008, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEntropy
AbbreviationEntropy (Basel)
ISSN (online)1099-4300
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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