How to format your references using the Entropy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entropy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerrick, D. Geology. Serpentinite seduction. Science 2002, 298, 1344–1345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf, A.; Anderegg, W.R.L. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science 2011, 334, 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, R.; Lin, Z.; Shi, J. Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chauhan, P.; Jain, R.; Dey, B.; Tyagi, A.K. Adjunctive immunotherapy with α-crystallin based DNA vaccination reduces Tuberculosis chemotherapy period in chronically infected mice. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, M.; Ariff, M.; Mohamad, S. Sukuk Securities; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2014; ISBN 9781119029236.
An edited book
Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications. With Aspects of Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010. Proceedings; Huang, D.-S., Zhang, X., Reyes García, C.A., Zhang, L., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6216; ISBN 9783642149313.
A chapter in an edited book
Bodvarsson, Ö.B.; Van den Berg, H. Who Immigrates? Theory and Evidence. In The Economics of Immigration: Theory and Policy; Van den Berg, H., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 79–107 ISBN 9781461421153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entropy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Our Ancestors Were Carnivorous Super-Predators, So Do We Really Have A Choice About Eating Meat? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Joint Strike Fighter: Progress Made and Challenges Remain; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Rosa-Carrillo, E.L. On the language of Internet Memes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay, G.; Cyran, R. Long Road Back for Greek Banks. New York Times 2011, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEntropy
AbbreviationEntropy (Basel)
ISSN (online)1099-4300
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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