How to format your references using the Socio-Economic Planning Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Socio-Economic Planning Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Szathmáry E. Evolution. To group or not to group? Science 2011;334:1648–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Meister G, Tuschl T. Mechanisms of gene silencing by double-stranded RNA. Nature 2004;431:343–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shinkai K, Mohrs M, Locksley RM. Helper T cells regulate type-2 innate immunity in vivo. Nature 2002;420:825–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hanotte O, Bradley DG, Ochieng JW, Verjee Y, Hill EW, Rege JEO. African pastoralism: genetic imprints of origins and migrations. Science 2002;296:336–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hunt PJ, Kennedy JE. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Wilson JP, Tang CS-K, editors. Cross-Cultural Assessment of Psychological Trauma and PTSD. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Flotats A, Carrió I. Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy. In: Anagnostopoulos CD, Nihoyannopoulos P, Bax JJ, Wall E van der, editors. Noninvasive Imaging of Myocardial Ischemia, London: Springer; 2006, p. 57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Socio-Economic Planning Sciences.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. How The Ankylosaur Got Its Tail. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Davis TE. Sedimentation solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kolomatsky M. August’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times 2017:RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSocio-Economic Planning Sciences
AbbreviationSocioecon. Plann. Sci.
ISSN (print)0038-0121
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Economics and Econometrics
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles