How to format your references using the Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, Douglas, 2015, “Practical Policies Can Combat Gender Inequality,” Nature 523, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, Thomas, and Philipp Podsiadlowski, 2007, “The Triple-Ring Nebula around SN 1987A: Fingerprint of a Binary Merger,” Science 315, 1103–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., J. E. Martini, and H. Ohmoto, 2000, “Geochemical Evidence for Terrestrial Ecosystems 2.6 Billion Years Ago,” Nature 408, 574–578.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Songela, Haiyue Zhang, Hongjian Pu, Guohua Wang, Wenjin Li, Rehana K. Leak, Jun Chen, Anthony K. Liou, and Xiaoming Hu, 2014, “N-3 PUFA Supplementation Benefits Microglial Responses to Myelin Pathology,” Sci. Rep. 4, 7458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan, Song Y., 2012, Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography (John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Fusionopolis Walk, Singapore).
An edited book
Levitin, Gregory, Ed., 2007, Computational Intelligence in Reliability Engineering: New Metaheuristics, Neural and Fuzzy Techniques in Reliability, Studies in Computational Intelligence (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg), Vol. 40.
A chapter in an edited book
Reddy, Panga Jaipal, Kishore Gollapalli, Saicharan Ghantasala, Tumpa Das, Sandip Kumar Patel, Venkatesh Chanukuppa, Sanjeeva Srivastava, and Srikanth Rapole, 2016, “Basics of Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications in Biomarker Discovery,” in Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges, edited by Sanjeeva Srivastava (Springer India, New Delhi), pp. 41–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles).

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, 2014, “Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses,” IFLScience (IFLScience), March 19,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, “Patent and Trademark Office: Key Processes for Managing Automated Patent System Development Are Weak,” AIMD-93-15 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, Mengyuan, 2017, “Numerical Investigation of Encapsulation Technology in Polymer Flooding Processes,” Doctoral dissertation, (University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bailey, Blake, 2017, “Lost and Found,” New York Times, May 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hilton 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hilton 2015; Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007)
  • Three authors: (Watanabe, Martini, and Ohmoto 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Modern Physics (with titles)
AbbreviationRev. Mod. Phys.
ISSN (print)0034-6861
ISSN (online)1539-0756
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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