How to format your references using the Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway, Janet, 2015, “Malaria: Fifteen Years of Interventions,” Nature 526, 198–199.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crowley, Thomas J., and William T. Hyde, 2008, “Transient Nature of Late Pleistocene Climate Variability,” Nature 456, 226–230.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bugreev, Dmitry V., Olga M. Mazina, and Alexander V. Mazin, 2006, “Rad54 Protein Promotes Branch Migration of Holliday Junctions,” Nature 442, 590–593.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Burlaga, L. F., N. F. Ness, M. H. Acuña, R. P. Lepping, J. E. P. Connerney, E. C. Stone, and F. B. McDonald, 2005, “Crossing the Termination Shock into the Heliosheath: Magnetic Fields,” Science 309, 2027–2029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, Dewayne R., 2014, Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ).
An edited book
Zhang, Zhao, Lidong Wu, Wen Xu, and Ding-Zhu Du, Eds., 2014, Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: 8th International Conference, COCOA 2014, Wailea, Maui, HI, USA, December 19-21, 2014, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer International Publishing, Cham), Vol. 8881.
A chapter in an edited book
Poirier, Luc, Rafael de Cabo, and Sige Zou, 2010, “Dietary Restriction and Aging in Drosophila Melanogaster,” in Calorie Restriction, Aging and Longevity, edited by Arthur V. Everitt, Suresh I. S. Rattan, David G. le Couteur, and Rafael de Cabo (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), pp. 79–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles).

Blog post
Taub, Ben, 2016, “Acupuncture Reduces Hypertension By Stimulating The Release Of Natural Opioids,” IFLScience (IFLScience), November 1,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007, “Aviation Security: TSA’s Change to Its Prohibited Items List Has Not Resulted in Any Reported Security Incidents, but the Impact of the Change on Screening Operations Is Inconclusive,” GAO-07-623R (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard, Kymberly, 2017, “College Programs in Women’s Prisons: Faculty Perceptions of Teaching Higher Education Behind Bars,” Doctoral dissertation, (George Washington University, Washington, DC).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin, 1998, “Hasidic Housing a Letdown,” New York Times, April 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemingway 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hemingway 2015; Crowley and Hyde 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crowley and Hyde 2008)
  • Three authors: (Bugreev, Mazina, and Mazin 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Burlaga et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Modern Physics (with titles)
AbbreviationRev. Mod. Phys.
ISSN (print)0034-6861
ISSN (online)1539-0756
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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