How to format your references using the Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemmon, John P., 2015, “Energy: Reimagine Fuel Cells,” Nature 525, 447–449.
A journal article with 2 authors
Titantah, John Tatini, and Mikko Karttunen, 2013, “Water Dynamics: Relation between Hydrogen Bond Bifurcations, Molecular Jumps, Local Density & Hydrophobicity,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2991.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trainor, Paul A., Linda Ariza-McNaughton, and Robb Krumlauf, 2002, “Role of the Isthmus and FGFs in Resolving the Paradox of Neural Crest Plasticity and Prepatterning,” Science 295, 1288–1291.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Snodgrass, Colin, Cecilia Tubiana, Jean-Baptiste Vincent, Holger Sierks, Stubbe Hviid, Richard Moissl, Hermann Boehnhardt, et al., 2010, “A Collision in 2009 as the Origin of the Debris Trail of Asteroid P/2010 A2,” Nature 467, 814–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossner, Wolfgang, and Carl-Alexander Graubner, 2012, Spannbetonbauwerke (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany).
An edited book
Bonifacio, Glenda Tibe, Ed., 2012, Feminism and Migration: Cross-Cultural Engagements, International Perspectives on Migration (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht), Vol. 1.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodman, J., P. M. Langdon, and P. J. Clarkson, 2006, “Providing Strategic User Information for Designers: Methods and Initial Findings,” in Designing Accessible Technology, edited by John Clarkson, Patrick Langdon, and Peter Robinson (Springer, London), pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reviews of Modern Physics (with titles).

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, 2015, “No Exoskeleton, No Brain Surgery: Paralyzed Man Walks Again Using Brain Waves,” IFLScience (IFLScience), September 24,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002, “Social Security Administration: Fugitive Felon Program Could Benefit from Better Use of Technology,” GAO-02-346 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McClinton, Barbara E., 2010, “Preparing for the Third Age: A Retirement Planning Course Outline for Lifelong Learning Programs,” Doctoral dissertation, (California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davidson, Adam, 2013, “Boom, Bust or What?,” New York Times, May 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lemmon 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lemmon 2015; Titantah and Karttunen 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Titantah and Karttunen 2013)
  • Three authors: (Trainor, Ariza-McNaughton, and Krumlauf 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Snodgrass et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleReviews of Modern Physics (with titles)
AbbreviationRev. Mod. Phys.
ISSN (print)0034-6861
ISSN (online)1539-0756
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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