How to format your references using the Expert Review of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers SA. Surface Science. Stability at the surface. Science. 2014;346:1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moine H, Mandel JL. Biomedicine. Do G quartets orchestrate fragile X pathology? Science. 2001;294:2487–2488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas CEP, Mendonça PB, Rocha AR. Optical spectrum of bottom-up graphene nanoribbons: towards efficient atom-thick excitonic solar cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6579.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dinh C-T, Burdyny T, Kibria MG, et al. CO2 electroreduction to ethylene via hydroxide-mediated copper catalysis at an abrupt interface. Science. 2018;360:783–787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P, Davies M. Sub-Contracting under the JCT 2005 Forms. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
Williams K, editor. Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art: Essays by David Speiser, vol. II. Basel: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hens T, Rieger MO. Multiple-Periods Model. In: Rieger MO, editor. Financial Economics: A Concise Introduction to Classical and Behavioral Finance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 221–263.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Andrew E. El Niño Is Here And That Means Droughts, But They Don’t Work How You Might Think [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airspace System: Emerging Technologies May Offer Alternatives to the Instrument Landing System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992. Report No.: RCED-93-33. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jernigan MB. Use of uprooted invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare ) parent plants as thatch to reduce progeny seedling emergence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Lipton E, Levin D, et al. With Glitzy Openings in Dubai and Vancouver, Trump’s Roles Collide. New York Times. 2017 Feb 18;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Medical Devices
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Med. Devices
ISSN (print)1743-4440
ISSN (online)1745-2422
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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