How to format your references using the Expert Review of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benner SA. Synthetic biology: Act natural. Nature. 2003;421:118.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern N, Taylor C. Economics. Climate change: risk, ethics, and the Stern Review. Science. 2007;317:203–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackman JB, Burbridge TJ, Crair MC. Retinal waves coordinate patterned activity throughout the developing visual system. Nature. 2012;490:219–225.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Inatani M, Irie F, Plump AS, et al. Mammalian brain morphogenesis and midline axon guidance require heparan sulfate. Science. 2003;302:1044–1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Stock JA, Esposito MP, Lanteri VJ, et al., editors. Urologic Robotic Surgery. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Weiß N. Institutionalised Co-operation on International Communication: The International Administrative Unions as a Means of Governing Globalisation Processes. In: Löhr I, Wenzlhuemer R, editors. The Nation State and Beyond: Governing Globalization Processes in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 65–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Andrew E. Diamond Lasers 20 Times More Powerful Than Ever Before [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Graduate Medical Education: Trends in Training and Student Debt. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009. Report No.: GAO-09-438R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar VR. A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M, Moynihan C. Witnesses Recall Deafening Blast and Shrapnel in Chelsea Bombing Trial. New York Times. 2017 Oct 2;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Medical Devices
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Med. Devices
ISSN (print)1743-4440
ISSN (online)1745-2422
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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