How to format your references using the Expert Review of Medical Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Medical Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickelgren I. Neuroscience. Monkey see, monkey think about doing. Science. 2004;305:162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunn RA, Martinez F. Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges. Nature. 2011;469:198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grinberg I, Cooper VR, Rappe AM. Relationship between local structure and phase transitions of a disordered solid solution. Nature. 2002;419:909–911.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martina BEE, Haagmans BL, Kuiken T, et al. Virology: SARS virus infection of cats and ferrets. Nature. 2003;425:915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros D, Lannoo K. The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
Ortmeier F, Daniel P, editors. Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 31st International Conference, SAFECOMP 2012, Magdeburg, Germany, September 25-28, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kleinbaum DG, Klein M. The Stratified Cox Procedure. In: Klein M, editor. Survival Analysis: A Self-Learning Text, Third Edition. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 201–240.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Medical Devices.

Blog post
Andrew E. Sorry, Climate Change Deniers: Warming Not “Paused” and Modeling Not Flawed [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Y2K Computing Challenge: Day One Planning and Operations Guide. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999. Report No.: AIMD-10.1.22. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Capobianco VJ. Effect of slot height variation on the aerodynamic performance of a circulation control airfoil: A CFD analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kasich J. End Partisan Warfare on Health Care. New York Times. 2017 Mar 10;A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Medical Devices
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Med. Devices
ISSN (print)1743-4440
ISSN (online)1745-2422
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

Other styles