How to format your references using the Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hublin, J.-J. (2014). “Anthropology. How to build a Neandertal.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noudoost, B., and Moore, T. (2011). “Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine.” Nature, 474(7351), 372–375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rutberg, R. L., Hemming, S. R., and Goldstein, S. L. (2000). “Reduced North Atlantic Deep Water flux to the glacial Southern Ocean inferred from neodymium isotope ratios.” Nature, 405(6789), 935–938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, K. E., Patel, N. G., Levy, M. A., Storeygard, A., Balk, D., Gittleman, J. L., and Daszak, P. (2008). “Global trends in emerging infectious diseases.” Nature, 451(7181), 990–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brown, S., McIvor, K., and Hodges Snyder, E. (Eds.). (2016). Sowing Seeds in the City: Ecosystem and Municipal Services. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez-Alberquilla, R., Strauss, K., Ceze, L., and Piñuel, L. (2011). “Accelerating Data Race Detection with Minimal Hardware Support.” Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing: 17th International Conference, Euro-Par 2011, Bordeaux, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, E. Jeannot, R. Namyst, and J. Roman, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). “More Refined Blood Test Could Cut Possible Heart Attack Admissions By Two-Thirds.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP, IRM and Telecommunications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyen, C. (2015). “Two predictors of smoking behaviors in the LGBTQ population: Anxiety and internalized homophobia.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). “Tuning Up to Do the Super Bowl Shovel.” New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hublin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hublin 2014; Noudoost and Moore 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noudoost and Moore 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Irrig. Drain. Eng.
ISSN (print)0733-9437
ISSN (online)1943-4774
ScopeAgricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Civil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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