How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Isselbacher, Kurt J. 2009. “Retrospective. Paul C. Zamecnik (1912-2009).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5958):1359.
A journal article with 2 authors
Markus, M. B., and J. E. Fincham. 2000. “Mbeki and AIDS in Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288(5474):2131d.
A journal article with 3 authors
Couch, Fergus J., Katherine L. Nathanson, and Kenneth Offit. 2014. “Two Decades after BRCA: Setting Paradigms in Personalized Cancer Care and Prevention.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6178):1466–70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bryant, M. J., K. A. Hammond, K. M. Bocian, M. F. Rettig, C. A. Miller, and R. A. Cardullo. 2008. “Assessment. School Performance Will Fail to Meet Legislated Benchmarks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5897):1781–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega, Pierre. 2010. Geographical Information and Climatology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blum, Andrew F. 2016. Fire Hazard Assessment of Lithium Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems. edited by R. T. Long Jr. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Knoth, Christoph, Ulf Schlichtmann, Bing Li, Min Zhang, Markus Olbrich, Emrah Acar, Uwe Eichler, Joachim Haase, André Lange, and Michael Pronath. 2012. “Methods of Parameter Variations.” Pp. 91–179 in Process Variations and Probabilistic Integrated Circuit Design, edited by M. Dietrich and J. Haase. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Medications Pregnant Women Should Take, Avoid, And Think About.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Contracts Under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act. OGC-96-23. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong, Ming. 2015. “Predictive Models of Cytotoxicity as Mediated by Exposure to Environmental Toxicants and Drugs.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wines, Michael, and Manny Fernandez. 2016. “Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races.” New York Times, May 2, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Isselbacher 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Isselbacher 2009; Markus and Fincham 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Markus and Fincham 2000)
  • Three authors: (Couch, Nathanson, and Offit 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bryant et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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