How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
da Silva Copertino, Margareth. 2011. “Add Coastal Vegetation to the Climate Critical List.” Nature 473(7347):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brittain, Sean D. and Terrence W. Rettig. 2002. “CO and H(3)(+) in the Protoplanetary Disk around the Star HD141569.” Nature 418(6893):57–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vergoz, Vanina, Haley A. Schreurs, and Alison R. Mercer. 2007. “Queen Pheromone Blocks Aversive Learning in Young Worker Bees.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5836):384–86.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McCaffrey, Anton P., Leonard Meuse, Thu-Thao T. Pham, Douglas S. Conklin, Gregory J. Hannon, and Mark A. Kay. 2002. “RNA Interference in Adult Mice.” Nature 418(6893):38–39.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berntsen, Erik Serrano and John Thompson. 2015. A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
de Almeida, Alzira Maria Paiva and Nilma Cintra Leal, eds. 2012. Advances in Yersinia Research. Vol. 954. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Giangrande, P. L. F. 2006. “NvCJD and Blood Products in the UK.” Pp. 29–32 in 35th Hemophilia Symposium: Hamburg 2004, edited by I. Scharrer and W. Schramm. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Possible Preserved Brain Matter Discovered Within 8,000 Year Old Skull.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan. AFMD-93-65R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ott, Walter H. 2017. “An Analysis of the Coordinated Implementation of Digitally-Aided Close Air Support: An Integrated Systems Engineering and Test & Evaluation Approach.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, Christopher. 2017. “Controlling Her Emotions, and Now Elevating Her Game.” New York Times, January 24, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (da Silva Copertino 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brittain and Rettig 2002; da Silva Copertino 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brittain and Rettig 2002)
  • Three authors: (Vergoz, Schreurs, and Mercer 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (McCaffrey et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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