How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish, A. David. 2004. “Addiction as a Computational Process Gone Awry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 306(5703):1944–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yethiraj, Anand, and Alfons van Blaaderen. 2003. “A Colloidal Model System with an Interaction Tunable from Hard Sphere to Soft and Dipolar.” Nature 421(6922):513–17.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rabinovich, Misha, Ramon Huerta, and Gilles Laurent. 2008. “Neuroscience. Transient Dynamics for Neural Processing.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5885):48–50.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ryazanova, Lillia V., Zhixian Hu, Sayuri Suzuki, Vladimir Chubanov, Andrea Fleig, and Alexey G. Ryazanov. 2014. “Elucidating the Role of the TRPM7 Alpha-Kinase: TRPM7 Kinase Inactivation Leads to Magnesium Deprivation Resistance Phenotype in Mice.” Scientific Reports 4:7599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger, Linda L. 2006. Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Isokoski, Poika, and Jukka Springare, eds. 2012. Haptics: Perception, Devices, Mobility, and Communication: International Conference, EuroHaptics 2012, Tampere, Finland, June 13-15, 2012 Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 7283. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, Mary Anderlik, Margaret M. Byrne, Elias Bongmba, Leslie S. Rothenberg, and Nancy Neveloff Dubler. 2008. “Ethical Challenges of Patenting ‘Nature’: Legal and Economic Accounts of Altered Nature as Property.” Pp. 199–273 in Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates, Philosophy and Medicine, edited by B. A. Lustig, B. A. Brody, and G. P. McKenny. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Celebrity Selfies Helped Us to Uncover How Memories Are Formed in the Brain.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Technology Transfer: Implementation Status of the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986. RCED-89-154. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Messian, Navid Moshe. 2012. “The Spiral of Time: A Path to the Soul—Jewish Mystical and Depth Psychological Perspectives.” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2015. “Black Mask Plans YouTube Comics Channels and Animated Movies.” New York Times, March 9, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redish 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Redish 2004; Yethiraj and van Blaaderen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yethiraj and van Blaaderen 2003)
  • Three authors: (Rabinovich, Huerta, and Laurent 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ryazanova et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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