How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benkler, Yochai. 2004. “Intellectual Property. Commons-Based Strategies and the Problems of Patents.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305(5687):1110–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Angelis, Hernán and Pedro Skvarca. 2003. “Glacier Surge after Ice Shelf Collapse.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5612):1560–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shay, Jerry W., Roger R. Reddel, and Woodring E. Wright. 2012. “Cancer. Cancer and Telomeres--an ALTernative to Telomerase.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336(6087):1388–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holmström, M., A. Ekenbäck, F. Selsis, T. Penz, H. Lammer, and P. Wurz. 2008. “Energetic Neutral Atoms as the Explanation for the High-Velocity Hydrogen around HD 209458b.” Nature 451(7181):970–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sizer, Andrew, Chandrika Balachandar, Nibedan Biswas, Richard Foon, Anthony Griffiths, Sheena Hodgett, Banchhita Sahu, and Martyn Underwood. 2016. Part 2 MRCOG: Single Best Answer Questions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alhazov, Artiom, Svetlana Cojocaru, Marian Gheorghe, Yurii Rogozhin, Grzegorz Rozenberg, and Arto Salomaa, eds. 2014. Membrane Computing: 14th International Conference, CMC 2013, Chişinău, Republic of Moldova, August 20-23, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8340. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartoli, C. G., M. E. Senn, and G. E. Gergoff Grozeff. 2016. “Physiological Processes Contributing to the Synthesis of Ascorbic Acid in Plants.” Pp. 71–92 in Redox State as a Central Regulator of Plant-Cell Stress Responses, edited by D. K. Gupta, J. M. Palma, and F. J. Corpas. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Researchers Discover A New State Of Matter.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Progress Made in Compliance of VA Systems, But Concerns Remain. AIMD-98-237. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, Danielle S. 2010. “Comprehensive Support for Children of Incarcerated Parents and Their Families.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2012. “A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History.” New York Times, November 26, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benkler 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Benkler 2004; De Angelis and Skvarca 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Angelis and Skvarca 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shay, Reddel, and Wright 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Holmström et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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