How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, Peter L. 2005. “Physics. The Observation of Matter Wave Fluctuations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5748):631–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranero, C. R., and von Huene R. 2000. “Subduction Erosion along the Middle America Convergent Margin.” Nature 404(6779):748–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Ching-Wei, Shuk-Man Ka, and Ann Chen. 2014. “Robust Image Registration of Biological Microscopic Images.” Scientific Reports 4:6050.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corte-León, Héctor, Vahid Nabaei, Alessandra Manzin, Jonathan Fletcher, Patryk Krzysteczko, Hans W. Schumacher, and Olga Kazakova. 2014. “Anisotropic Magnetoresistance State Space of Permalloy Nanowires with Domain Wall Pinning Geometry.” Scientific Reports 4:6045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hwang, Ruey-Bing Raybeam. 2012. Periodic Structures. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Sakawa, Masatoshi. 2011. Fuzzy Stochastic Multiobjective Programming. Vol. 159. edited by I. Nishizaki and H. Katagiri. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gray, Jeremy. 2006. “Enriques: Popularising Science and the Problems of Geometry.” Pp. 135–54 in Interactions: Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy, 1860–1930, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, edited by V. F. Hendricks, K. F. Jørgensen, J. Lützen, and S. A. Pedersen. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Fungi in Sloth Fur Could Have a Wide Variety of Disease-Fighting Implications.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Information Technology: DLA Should Strengthen Business Systems Modernization Architecture and Investment Activities. GAO-01-631. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, Shannon. 2008. “An Analysis of the Influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on Middle -School Principal Leadership Behaviors and Responsibilities.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2006. “ <hl2 Class=.” New York Times, July 16, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Knight 2005; Ranero and von Huene R 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranero and von Huene R 2000)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Ka, and Chen 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Corte-León et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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