How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Leeuwen, Johan L. 2010. “Plant Science. Launched at 36,000g.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5990):395–96.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kutateladze, T., and M. Overduin. 2001. “Structural Mechanism of Endosome Docking by the FYVE Domain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291(5509):1793–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, Joseph S., Kazuhiro Shimomura, and Vivek Kumar. 2008. “Searching for Genes Underlying Behavior: Lessons from Circadian Rhythms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5903):909–12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sporea, R. A., M. J. Trainor, N. D. Young, J. M. Shannon, and S. R. P. Silva. 2014. “Source-Gated Transistors for Order-of-Magnitude Performance Improvements in Thin-Film Digital Circuits.” Scientific Reports 4:4295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nölte, Joachim. 2005. ICP Emissionsspektrometrie Für Praktiker. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Köfalvi, Attila, ed. 2008. Cannabinoids and the Brain. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Shibayama, Keita. 2015. “The Second Globalization, the Second Tragedy?” Pp. 53–65 in Beyond Global Capitalism, edited by S. Fujii. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Crows Rival Most Mammals with Their Cognitive Ability.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Federal Aviation Administration: Agency Is Taking Steps to Plan for and Train Its Technician Workforce, but a More Strategic Approach Is Warranted. GAO-11-91. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy, Marc. 2008. “An Empirical Assessment of the Crosscutting Concern Problem.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, Linda. 2012. “Mystery House.” New York Times, July 15, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Leeuwen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kutateladze and Overduin 2001; van Leeuwen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kutateladze and Overduin 2001)
  • Three authors: (Takahashi, Shimomura, and Kumar 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sporea et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles