How to format your references using the Society and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Society and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pockley, P. 2000. “Clean-up Strategy at Australian Nuclear Site Called into Question.” Nature 404(6780):797.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guarente, L., and C. Kenyon. 2000. “Genetic Pathways That Regulate Ageing in Model Organisms.” Nature 408(6809):255–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marangon, Davide G., Giuseppe Vallone, and Paolo Villoresi. 2014. “Random Bits, True and Unbiased, from Atmospheric Turbulence.” Scientific Reports 4:5490.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Storchová, Zuzana, Amanda Breneman, Jessica Cande, Joshua Dunn, Kendra Burbank, Eileen O’Toole, and David Pellman. 2006. “Genome-Wide Genetic Analysis of Polyploidy in Yeast.” Nature 443(7111):541–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, Pamela Beth. 2017. Modern Spain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gimel’farb, Georgy, Edwin Hancock, Atsushi Imiya, Arjan Kuijper, Mineichi Kudo, Shinichiro Omachi, Terry Windeatt, and Keiji Yamada, eds. 2012. Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, SSPR&SPR 2012, Hiroshima, Japan, November 7-9, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7626. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beers, Pieter J., and Tom Veldkamp. 2011. “For or against Innovation? The Influence of Images.” Pp. 59–72 in The TransForum Model: Transforming Agro Innovation Toward Sustainable Development, edited by H. van Latesteijn and K. Andeweg. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Society and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Are The Odds Of An Alien Megastructure Blocking Light From A Distant Star?” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Technology Transfer: Barriers Limit Royalty Sharing’s Effectiveness. RCED-93-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vu, Marilyn K. 2015. “Reducing Mental Health Provider Burnout through Wellness: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “Suffolk Seeks Ways to Ease School Taxes.” New York Times, January 14, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pockley 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Guarente and Kenyon 2000; Pockley 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guarente and Kenyon 2000)
  • Three authors: (Marangon, Vallone, and Villoresi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Storchová et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociety and Mental Health
AbbreviationSoc. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)2156-8693
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles