How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kay, Richard F. 2015. “Anthropology. New World Monkey Origins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347 (6226): 1068–1069.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift, Peter D., and Jerzy Blusztajn. 2005. “Reorganization of the Western Himalayan River System after Five Million Years Ago.” Nature 438 (7070): 1001–1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atwood, Jerry L., Leonard J. Barbour, and Agoston Jerga. 2002. “Storage of Methane and Freon by Interstitial van Der Waals Confinement.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5577): 2367–2369.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lopes, M., C. Cotta-Ramusino, A. Pellicioli, G. Liberi, P. Plevani, M. Muzi-Falconi, C. S. Newlon, and M. Foiani. 2001. “The DNA Replication Checkpoint Response Stabilizes Stalled Replication Forks.” Nature 412 (6846): 557–561.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yamaguchi, Ryohei, and Ken-Ichi Fujita. 2014. Ligand Platforms in Homogenous Catalytic Reactions with Metals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jordan, Rainer, ed. 2006. Surface-Initiated Polymerization II. Vol. 198. Advances in Polymer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pulini, Gabriele, and David Hulance. 2009. “Flexeos Embedded FPGA Solution.” In Dynamic System Reconfiguration in Heterogeneous Platforms: The MORPHEUS Approach, edited by Nikolaos S. Voros, Alberto Rosti, and Michael Hübner, 39–47. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Are Humans Unique? It’s The Small Things That Count.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties. GAO-16-359. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bozorgchami, Bahareh. 2017. “Time and Bandwidth Efficiency in Transmission of Telemedicine and In-Hospital Patient Data.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, Michael D., and Adam Liptak. 2017. “Taking Up Case, Justices Let U.S. Start Travel Ban.” New York Times, June 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kay 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kay 2015; Clift and Blusztajn 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clift and Blusztajn 2005)
  • Three authors: (Atwood, Barbour, and Jerga 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lopes et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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