How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitchinson, Andrew. 2014. “Climate Science: City Heat.” Nature 511 (7508): 163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, Ellsworth, and Marcel Salathé. 2013. “Complex Social Contagion Makes Networks More Vulnerable to Disease Outbreaks.” Scientific Reports 3: 1905.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newell, Richard G., William A. Pizer, and Daniel Raimi. 2014. “Environmental Economics. Carbon Market Lessons and Global Policy Outlook.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6177): 1316–1317.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sremcević, Miodrag, Jürgen Schmidt, Heikki Salo, Martin Seiss, Frank Spahn, and Nicole Albers. 2007. “A Belt of Moonlets in Saturn’s A Ring.” Nature 449 (7165): 1019–1021.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, Ewald, and Gerhard Kreysa. 2005. Grundlagen Der Technischen Elektrochemie. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yang, Shanchieh Jay, Ariel M. Greenberg, and Mica Endsley, eds. 2012. Social Computing, Behavioral - Cultural Modeling and Prediction: 5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7227. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luks, Andrew M., Robb W. Glenny, and H. Thomas Robertson. 2013. “Interpreting the Results of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests.” In Introduction to Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing, edited by Robb W. Glenny and H. Thomas Robertson, 53–75. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “We Still Don’t Really Know The Health Hazards Of A Nuclear Accident.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. FAA’s Preboard Passenger Screening Process. T-RCED-87-34. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino, Marta Graciela. 2010. “Challenges and Successes of Monolingual Spanish-Speaking Foster Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. “Europe Moves to Collect Taxes From Tech Giants.” New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitchinson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mitchinson 2014; Campbell and Salathé 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Salathé 2013)
  • Three authors: (Newell, Pizer, and Raimi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sremcević et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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