How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theobald, Douglas L. 2010. “A Formal Test of the Theory of Universal Common Ancestry.” Nature 465 (7295): 219–222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagoort, Peter, and Willem J. M. Levelt. 2009. “Neuroscience. The Speaking Brain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5951): 372–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Wei, Matteo Pellegrini, and Xiaofan Wang. 2014. “Detecting Communities Based on Network Topology.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5739.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brown, Martin, Robert Bristow, Peter Glazer, Richard Hill, William McBride, Gillies McKenna, and Ruth Muschel. 2003. “Comment on ‘Tumor Response to Radiotherapy Regulated by Endothelial Cell Apoptosis’ (II).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5652): 1894; author reply 1894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, Norman P. 2010. Process Engineering for a Small Planet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ioannides, Marinos, Eleanor Fink, Antonia Moropoulou, Monika Hagedorn-Saupe, Antonella Fresa, Gunnar Liestøl, Vlatka Rajcic, and Pierre Grussenmeyer, eds. 2016. Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection: 6th International Conference, EuroMed 2016, Nicosia, Cyprus, October 31 – November 5, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 10058. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Guex, Jean, Federico Galster, and Øyvind Hammer. 2016. “The UA Method and the UAgraph Program.” In Discrete Biochronological Time Scales, edited by Federico Galster and Øyvind Hammer, 27–50. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Trapping Light In A ‘Tornado’ Could Have Major Implications.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages. NSIAD-92-171BR. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
To, Kevin S. 2017. “Loss of Promoter Methylation Is Correlated with MRNA Induction of Senescence Upregulated Gene UGT78D1.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2012. “The Way Forward: Recalling Forest Hills.” New York Times, August 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Theobald 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Theobald 2010; Hagoort and Levelt 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hagoort and Levelt 2009)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Pellegrini, and Wang 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brown et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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