How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rocha, Benedita. 2005. “Comment on ‘Thymic Origin of Intestinal Alphabeta T Cells Revealed by Fate Mapping of RORgammat+ Cells.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5728): 1553; author reply 1553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peñuelas, J., and I. Filella. 2001. “Phenology. Responses to a Warming World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543): 793–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, G. H., A. Balogh, and T. S. Horbury. 2000. “Identification of Comet Hyakutake’s Extremely Long Ion Tail from Magnetic Field Signatures.” Nature 404 (6778): 574–576.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wiwatpanit, Teerawat, Sarah M. Lorenzen, Jorge A. Cantú, Chuan Zhi Foo, Ann K. Hogan, Freddie Márquez, John C. Clancy, et al. 2018. “Trans-Differentiation of Outer Hair Cells into Inner Hair Cells in the Absence of INSM1.” Nature, October.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul, Sanjay, Fuaad Ali, Subramaniam Janakiram, and Bengt Wattenström. 2008. Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dawant, Benoît M., Gary E. Christensen, J. Michael Fitzpatrick, and Daniel Rueckert, eds. 2012. Biomedical Image Registration: 5th International Workshop, WBIR 2012, Nashville, TN, USA, July 7-8, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7359. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossiter, John Anthony, Bert Pluymers, and Bart De Moor. 2007. “The Potential of Interpolation for Simplifying Predictive Control and Application to LPV Systems.” In Assessment and Future Directions of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control, edited by Rolf Findeisen, Frank Allgöwer, and Lorenz T. Biegler, 63–76. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Investigation Gives Glimpse Into The Scale Of The Shark Fin Trade.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining. GAO-15-483T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Couch, Heather C. 2017. “Providers’ Acceptance of Smartphone Applications as a Supportive Strategy for Adolescent Asthma.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, William K., and Michael Schwirtz. 2017. “Amid Rikers Chaos, Jails Chief Often Left Town.” New York Times, April 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rocha 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Rocha 2005; Peñuelas and Filella 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peñuelas and Filella 2001)
  • Three authors: (Jones, Balogh, and Horbury 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wiwatpanit et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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