How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloxham, J. 2000. “Sensitivity of the Geomagnetic Axial Dipole to Thermal Core-Mantle Interactions.” Nature 405 (6782): 63–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dominé, Florent, and Paul B. Shepson. 2002. “Air-Snow Interactions and Atmospheric Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5586): 1506–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, Wei, Cory Smith, and Linzhao Cheng. 2013. “Expanded Activity of Dimer Nucleases by Combining ZFN and TALEN for Genome Editing.” Scientific Reports 3: 2376.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gallup, Andrew C., Andrew Chong, Alex Kacelnik, John R. Krebs, and Iain D. Couzin. 2014. “The Influence of Emotional Facial Expressions on Gaze-Following in Grouped and Solitary Pedestrians.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, Dominique, Aurelian Fatu, and Dominique Souchet. 2014. Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tippins, Deborah J., Michael P. Mueller, Michiel van Eijck, and Jennifer D. Adams, eds. 2010. Cultural Studies and Environmentalism: The Confluence of EcoJustice, Place-Based (Science) Education, and Indigenous Knowledge Systems. Vol. 3. Cultural Studies of Science Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Horita, Masahide. 2009. “When an Electronic Citizen Forum Works and When Not: An Organisational Analysis of the Mitaka Master Plan Process.” In Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration, edited by M. Horita and H. Koizumi, 53–66. CSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Australia Will Cull Two Million Feral Cats To Protect Native Animals.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Proprietary Schools: Analysis of Comments Received From an Association of Schools. HEHS-98-12R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, Alexis. 2010. “Scribblins.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sachs, Susan. 2000. “Egyptian’s Arrest Seen as Penalty for Criticism.” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloxham 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bloxham 2000; Dominé and Shepson 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dominé and Shepson 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yan, Smith, and Cheng 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gallup et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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