How to format your references using the International Review of Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Review of Applied Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Janvier, Philippe. 2015. “Facts and Fancies about Early Fossil Chordates and Vertebrates.” Nature 520 (7548): 483–489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adamala, Katarzyna, and Jack W. Szostak. 2013. “Nonenzymatic Template-Directed RNA Synthesis inside Model Protocells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6162): 1098–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shenvi, Neil, Sharani Roy, and John C. Tully. 2009. “Dynamical Steering and Electronic Excitation in NO Scattering from a Gold Surface.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5954): 829–832.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brotherton, Carolyn Adams, Saima Naz, Syed Shan-E-Ali Zaidi, Allison F. Dennis, Anni Hämäläinen, Wadim Strielkowski, Ming-Ju Amy Lyu, et al. 2018. “NextGen VOICES: A Postdoc’s Purpose.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6384): 26–27.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Asif, Saad Z. 2010. Next Generation Mobile Communications Ecosystem. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Al-Bar, Mohammed Ali. 2015. Contemporary Bioethics: Islamic Perspective. Edited by Hassan Chamsi-Pasha. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pascal-Lorber, Sophie, and François Laurent. 2011. “Phytoremediation Techniques for Pesticide Contaminations.” In Alternative Farming Systems, Biotechnology, Drought Stress and Ecological Fertilisation, edited by Eric Lichtfouse, 77–105. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Review of Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Polar Bears Face Starvation And Cub Loss Due To Sea Ice Loss.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport. RCED-88-117. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moon, Molly Minjung. 2009. “The Needs of Korean-American and Korean Families of Children with Disabilities.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester, John. 2017. “Should We Trash Cash?” New York Times, January 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Janvier 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Janvier 2015; Adamala and Szostak 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adamala and Szostak 2013)
  • Three authors: (Shenvi, Roy, and Tully 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brotherton et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Review of Applied Economics
AbbreviationInt. Rev. Appl. Econ.
ISSN (print)0269-2171
ISSN (online)1465-3486
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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