How to format your references using the Social Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyndall, Geoffrey. 2012. “Chemistry. Vibrational Excitation Can Control Tropospheric Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337(6098):1046–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Skovran, Elizabeth, and Norma Cecilia Martinez-Gomez. 2015. “Microbiology. Just Add Lanthanides.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348(6237):862–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laskar, Jacques, Benjamin Levrard, and John F. Mustard. 2002. “Orbital Forcing of the Martian Polar Layered Deposits.” Nature 419(6905):375–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cavallini, Massimiliano, Patrizio Graziosi, Marco Calbucci, Denis Gentili, Raimondo Cecchini, Marianna Barbalinardo, Ilaria Bergenti, Alberto Riminucci, and Valentin Dediu. 2014. “Selective Electrochemical Decomposition of Outgrowths and Nanopatterning in La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO3 Perovskite Thin Films.” Scientific Reports 4:7397.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Happer, William, Yuan-Yu Jau, and Thad Walker. 2010. Optically Pumped Atoms. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yao, Lina, Xia Xie, Qingchen Zhang, Laurence T. Yang, Albert Y. Zomaya, and Hai Jin, eds. 2015. Advances in Services Computing: 9th Asia-Pacific Services Computing Conference, APSCC 2015, Bangkok, Thailand, December 7-9, 2015, Proceedings. Vol. 9464. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Newth, David, and Jeff Ash. 2009. “Evolving Networks with Enhanced Linear Stability Properties.” Pp. 61–77 in Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence, edited by M. Gen, D. Green, O. Katai, B. McKay, A. Namatame, R. A. Sarker, and B.-T. Zhang. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “‘Chemical Gardens’ On The Seafloor May Have Provided The Spark For Life On Earth.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Assessing the Federal Program for Strengthening Developing Institutions of Higher Education. MWD-76-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, Jamie. 2009. “Caregivers with Sibling Sets: A Curriculum to Increase Contact and Permanency for Siblings in out-of-Home Care.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary, and Victor Mather. 2013. “To Avoid I.O.C. Cut, a Sport Changed.” New York Times, February 14, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyndall 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Skovran and Martinez-Gomez 2015; Tyndall 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Skovran and Martinez-Gomez 2015)
  • Three authors: (Laskar, Levrard, and Mustard 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cavallini et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)0190-2725
ScopeSocial Psychology

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