How to format your references using the Social Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Churchland, Patricia S. 2002. “Self-Representation in Nervous Systems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5566):308–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schuur, Edward A. G., and Benjamin Abbott. 2011. “Climate Change: High Risk of Permafrost Thaw.” Nature 480(7375):32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salter, Michael G., Keara A. Franklin, and Garry C. Whitelam. 2003. “Gating of the Rapid Shade-Avoidance Response by the Circadian Clock in Plants.” Nature 426(6967):680–83.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baur, J. A., Y. Zou, J. W. Shay, and W. E. Wright. 2001. “Telomere Position Effect in Human Cells.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5524):2075–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daïan, Jean-François. 2014. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 1. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fabrizi, Mark A., ed. 2016. Fantasy Literature: Challenging Genres. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiser, Ondrej, and Vladimir Brazda. 2016. “Experimental Validation of FSO Channel Models.” Pp. 69–86 in Optical Wireless Communications: An Emerging Technology, Signals and Communication Technology, edited by M. Uysal, C. Capsoni, Z. Ghassemlooy, A. Boucouvalas, and E. Udvary. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “After Fatality, Autonomous Car Development May Speed Up.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Education of the New Public Executive. 095393. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angervil, Gilvert. 2017. “Administrative Discretion in Public Policy Implementation: The Case of No Child Left Behind (NCLB).” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Role Players Define the Dodgers, and Hernandez Has a Leading Part.” New York Times, October 21, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Churchland 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Churchland 2002; Schuur and Abbott 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schuur and Abbott 2011)
  • Three authors: (Salter, Franklin, and Whitelam 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Baur et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)0190-2725
ScopeSocial Psychology

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