How to format your references using the Social Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein, Lisa Y. 2015. “Microbiology: Cyanate Fuels the Nitrogen Cycle.” Nature 524(7563):43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maheswaran, Shyamala and Daniel A. Haber. 2015. “Cell Fate: Transition Loses Its Invasive Edge.” Nature 527(7579):452–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez, Gerardo, Gautam Wilkins, and Mark H. Thiemens. 2011. “The Soret Effect and Isotopic Fractionation in High-Temperature Silicate Melts.” Nature 473(7345):70–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kominis, I. K., T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis. 2003. “A Subfemtotesla Multichannel Atomic Magnetometer.” Nature 422(6932):596–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Yanpeng, Feng Wen, and Min Xiao. 2013. Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shukla, Arun, Guruswami Ravichandran, and Yapa D. S. Rajapakse, eds. 2010. Dynamic Failure of Materials and Structures. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Biswas, Atanu, Buddhananda Banerjee, and Saumen Mandal. 2013. “Optimal Sample Proportion for a Two-Treatment Clinical Trial in the Presence of Surrogate Endpoints.” Pp. 27–34 in mODa 10 – Advances in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis Held in Łagów Lubuski, Poland, June 10–14, 2013, Contributions to Statistics, edited by D. Ucinski, A. C. Atkinson, and M. Patan. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “China Has Apparently Been Testing The EmDrive In Space.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Effects of Delays in FAA’s NAS Plan. T-RCED-87-23. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilensky, Sara Elizabeth. 2010. “340B Prime Vendor Program: Health Center Decision Making and Barriers to Participation.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Jodi Arnold Expands Her Empire.” New York Times, July 22, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Maheswaran and Haber 2015; Stein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maheswaran and Haber 2015)
  • Three authors: (Dominguez, Wilkins, and Thiemens 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kominis et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)0190-2725
ScopeSocial Psychology

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