How to format your references using the Social Psychology Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharpe, Tom. 2015. “Geology. The Birth of the Geological Map.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 347(6219):230–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoroughman, K. A., and R. Shadmehr. 2000. “Learning of Action through Adaptive Combination of Motor Primitives.” Nature 407(6805):742–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffecker, John F., Scott A. Elias, and Dennis H. O’Rourke. 2014. “Anthropology. Out of Beringia?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6174):979–80.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Silverstein, Samuel C., Jay Dubner, Jon Miller, Sherry Glied, and John D. Loike. 2009. “Teachers’ Participation in Research Programs Improves Their Students’ Achievement in Science.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5951):440–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lenk, Ron, and Carol Lenk. 2011. Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alloin, Danielle, Rachel Johnson, and Paulina Lira, eds. 2006. Physics of Active Galactic Nuclei at All Scales. Vol. 693. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mallikarjuna, Nalini, Clarice Coyne, Seungho Cho, Sheri Rynearson, P. N. Rajesh, Deepak R. Jadhav, and Fred J. Muehlbauer. 2011. “Cicer.” Pp. 63–82 in Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Legume Crops and Forages, edited by C. Kole. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology Quarterly.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Exploding Battery Fears Cause Samsung To Recall Every Galaxy Note 7 Smartphone.” IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Technology Transfer: Federal Agencies’ Patent Licensing Activities. RCED-91-80. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayfield, Kathleen M. 2010. “Project Managers’ Experience and Description of Decision Uncertainty Associated with the Agile Software Development Methodology: A Phenomenological Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Bruce Is Again Hitting Homers, and Again Not Attracting Interest.” New York Times, July 27, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharpe 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Sharpe 2015; Thoroughman and Shadmehr 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thoroughman and Shadmehr 2000)
  • Three authors: (Hoffecker, Elias, and O’Rourke 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Silverstein et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology Quarterly
AbbreviationSoc. Psychol. Q.
ISSN (print)0190-2725
ScopeSocial Psychology

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