How to format your references using the Current Applied Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Applied Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
D. Knight, Kinds of minds, Nature. 447 (2007) 149.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
E.M. Hu, L.L. Cowie, High-redshift galaxy populations, Nature. 440 (2006) 1145–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
O.V. Popovych, S. Yanchuk, P.A. Tass, Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2926.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
M.G. Ford, B.M. Pearse, M.K. Higgins, Y. Vallis, D.J. Owen, A. Gibson, C.R. Hopkins, P.R. Evans, H.T. McMahon, Simultaneous binding of PtdIns(4,5)P2 and clathrin by AP180 in the nucleation of clathrin lattices on membranes, Science. 291 (2001) 1051–1055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
D.L. Russell, P.C. Arlow, Industrial Security, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
C. Tortajada, ed., Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change: The Roles of Infrastructure and Governance in the Context of Adaptation, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Y. Yoshida, Aggregated Mean Ratios of an Interval Induced from Aggregation Operations, in: V. Torra, Y. Narukawa (Eds.), Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 5th International Conference, MDAI 2008 Sabadell, Spain, October 30-31, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 26–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Applied Physics.

Blog post
[1]
T. Hale, Chilean Government Releases An Unexplainable “UFO Sighting” Video, IFLScience. (2017). https://www.iflscience.com/technology/chilean-government-releases-an-unexplainable-ufo-sighting-video/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Trucking: Safety Concerns About Mexican Trucks Remain Even as Inspection Activity Increases, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
L.L. Hughes, The principalship: Preparation programs and the self-efficacy of principals, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.W. Walsh, Puerto Rico Debt Crisis Closes In on Jan. 1 Deadline, New York Times. (2015) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Applied Physics
AbbreviationCurr. Appl. Phys.
ISSN (print)1567-1739
ScopeGeneral Materials Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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