How to format your references using the International Journal of Culture and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloat, D. L. (2009). South Dakota school replies to sexual harassment claims. Nature, 460(7258), 949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ashlin, A., & Ladle, R. J. (2006). Science communication. Environmental science adrift in the blogosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Su, X., & Ning, K. (2014). Assessment of quality control approaches for metagenomic data analysis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, X., Shi, Q., Gray, M. R., & Xu, C. (2014). New vanadium compounds in Venezuela heavy crude oil detected by positive-ion electrospray ionization fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. Scientific Reports, 4, 5373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue, B. M. (2013). Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Duff, A., Lepora, N. F., Mura, A., Prescott, T. J., & Verschure, P. F. M. J. (Eds.). (2014). Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems: Third International Conference, Living Machines 2014, Milan, Italy, July 30 – August 1, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8608). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Olson, D. L., & Wu, D. (2010). Enterprise Risk Management in Projects. In D. Wu (Ed.), Enterprise Risk Management Models (pp. 43–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 9). An Artist Wants To 3D Print Someone’s Laugh In Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Higher Education: Education Should Strengthen Oversight of Schools and Accreditors [Reissued on January 22, 2015] (GAO-15-59). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, A. N. (2017). Deadly force: Perceptions of police and exploration of strategies used by African American mothers to protect their sons [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellis, B. E. (2017, September 6). Still Here. New York Times, M2118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloat, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ashlin & Ladle, 2006; Sloat, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ashlin & Ladle, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Cult. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1754-2863
ISSN (online)1754-2871
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Cultural Studies

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