How to format your references using the International Journal of Culture and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coller, H. A. (2011). Cell biology. The essence of quiescence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1074–1075.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adler, S. L., & Bassi, A. (2009). Physics. Is quantum theory exact? Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5938), 275–276.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, B. A., Gruber, T. M., & Gross, C. A. (2004). Minimal machinery of RNA polymerase holoenzyme sufficient for promoter melting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1382–1384.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Drin, G., Morello, V., Casella, J.-F., Gounon, P., & Antonny, B. (2008). Asymmetric tethering of flat and curved lipid membranes by a golgin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5876), 670–673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mix, P. E. (2004). Introduction to Nondestructive Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vogel, H. G., Hock, F. J., Maas, J., & Mayer, D. (Eds.). (2006). Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Costanzo, M., Blandón-Gitlin, I., & Davis, D. (2016). The Purpose, Content, and Effects of Expert Testimony on Interrogations and Confessions. In B. H. Bornstein & M. K. Miller (Eds.), Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 (pp. 141–178). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 16). Family Matters: Mental Illness Doesn’t Have To Pass From Parent To Child. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airport Improvement Program: Planned Funding Under Letters of Intent (RCED-99-33R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna, K. E. (2017). Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2011, June 19). Sky’s the Limit: Yogis Head Outdoors. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coller, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Adler & Bassi, 2009; Coller, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adler & Bassi, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Young et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Drin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Cult. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1754-2863
ISSN (online)1754-2871
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Cultural Studies

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