How to format your references using the International Journal of Culture and Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2008). The Gonzo Scientist. Can scientists dance? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5865), 905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lankau, R. A., & Strauss, S. Y. (2007). Mutual feedbacks maintain both genetic and species diversity in a plant community. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1561–1563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand, J., Wagih, O., & Bader, G. D. (2013). The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Scientific Reports, 3, 2651.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Davidson, A. J., Ernst, P., Wang, Y., Dekens, M. P. S., Kingsley, P. D., Palis, J., … Zon, L. I. (2003). cdx4 mutants fail to specify blood progenitors and can be rescued by multiple hox genes. Nature, 425(6955), 300–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, J. R. (2013). Detecting Fraud in Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lytras, M. D., Ordonez de Pablos, P., Damiani, E., Avison, D., Naeve, A., & Horner, D. G. (Eds.). (2009). Best Practices for the Knowledge Society. Knowledge, Learning, Development and Technology for All: Second World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS 2009, Chania, Crete, Greece, September 16-18, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 49). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Aumüller, M., & Dietzfelbinger, M. (2013). Optimal Partitioning for Dual Pivot Quicksort. In F. V. Fomin, R. Freivalds, M. Kwiatkowska, & D. Peleg (Eds.), Automata, Languages, and Programming: 40th International Colloquium, ICALP 2013, Riga, Latvia, July 8-12, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 33–44). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Culture and Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 11). Stressed Out: The Psychological Effects Of Tests On Primary School Children. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale of U.S. Commercial Airports (No. T-RCED-96-82). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, S. X. (2009). Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. (2013, September 27). Do You Have a Doctor’s Note? New York Times, p. RE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2008; Lankau & Strauss, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lankau & Strauss, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Reimand, Wagih, & Bader, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Davidson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health
AbbreviationInt. J. Cult. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1754-2863
ISSN (online)1754-2871
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Cultural Studies

Other styles