How to format your references using the Social Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian, A. C. (2008). Astronomy. A blast from the past. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5880), 1167–1168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kinnamon, S. C., & Reynolds, S. D. (2009). Cell biology. Using taste to clear the air(ways). Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5944), 1081–1082.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schirle, N. T., Sheu-Gruttadauria, J., & MacRae, I. J. (2014). Structural basis for microRNA targeting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6209), 608–613.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burgert, R., Schnöckel, H., Grubisic, A., Li, X., Stokes, S. T., Bowen, K. H., Ganteför, G. F., Kiran, B., & Jena, P. (2008). Spin conservation accounts for aluminum cluster anion reactivity pattern with O2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 438–442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bailly, P. (2013). Materials and Structures under Shock and Impact. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dutta, P. K. (Ed.). (2016). Chitin and Chitosan for Regenerative Medicine (1st ed. 2016). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, M. P., & Chou, B. (2014). Immigration Policy and Partisan Politics in the State Legislatures: 2010–2012. In T. Payan & E. de la Garza (Eds.), Undecided Nation: Political Gridlock and the Immigration Crisis (pp. 99–119). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 8). Study Finds Majority Of Western Canada’s Glaciers Will Be Gone By 2100. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Risk Management: Further Refinements Needed to Assess Risks and Prioritize Protective Measures at Ports and Other Critical Infrastructure (GAO-06-91). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dawood, A. A. (2010). Relationship between mental health and treatment seeking in an urban Muslim community [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, B. M. (2017, November 1). Flair and Pain. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fabian, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fabian, 2008; Kinnamon & Reynolds, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kinnamon & Reynolds, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Schirle et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Burgert et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychology
ISSN (print)1864-9335
ISSN (online)2151-2590
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology and Political Science

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