How to format your references using the EBioMedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EBioMedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hynes RO. The extracellular matrix: not just pretty fibrils. Science 2009;326:1216–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Merritt S, Clauset A. Environmental structure and competitive scoring advantages in team competitions. Sci Rep 2013;3:3067.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Amodeo GA, Rudolph MJ, Tong L. Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature 2007;449:492–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Tapper AR, McKinney SL, Nashmi R, Schwarz J, Deshpande P, Labarca C, et al. Nicotine activation of alpha4* receptors: sufficient for reward, tolerance, and sensitization. Science 2004;306:1029–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Maillard P. Competitive Quality Strategies. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Champagnat J, Denavit-Saubié M, Fortin G, Foutz AS, Thoby-Brisson M, editors. Post-Genomic Perspectives in Modeling and Control of Breathing. vol. 551. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Burgher F, Mathieu L, Blomet J, Gilpin SJ, Maibach HI, Whaby A, et al. Damaged Skin. In: Maibach HI, Hall AH, editors. Chemical Skin Injury: Mechanisms, Prevention, Decontamination, Treatment, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 73–196.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EBioMedicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Are Aliens Trying To Tell Us Something? Brightest Burst Of Radio Waves Detected. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/are-aliens-trying-to-tell-us-something-brightest-burst-of-radio-waves-detected/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Maintaining Effective Control Over Employee Time and Attendance Reporting. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kurum M. L-band estimation of forest canopy attenuation by a time-domain analysis of radar backscatter response. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sisario B. Nielsen, Highlighting Value of Data, Is Buying Gracenote for $560 Million. New York Times 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEBioMedicine
AbbreviationEBioMedicine
ISSN (print)2352-3964
Scope

Other styles