How to format your references using the EBioMedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EBioMedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mitchell TM. Computer science. Mining our reality. Science 2009;326:1644–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mel’nikov AS, Vinokur VM. Mesoscopic superconductor as a ballistic quantum switch. Nature 2002;415:60–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Maier T, Jenni S, Ban N. Architecture of mammalian fatty acid synthase at 4.5 A resolution. Science 2006;311:1258–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
van Heijst JWJ, Gerlach C, Swart E, Sie D, Nunes-Alves C, Kerkhoven RM, et al. Recruitment of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in response to infection is markedly efficient. Science 2009;325:1265–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Funk W, Dammann V, Donnevert G, Ianelli S, Ianelli E, Gray A. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Koyutürk M, Subramaniam S, Grama A, editors. Functional Coherence of Molecular Networks in Bioinformatics. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bottiglia R. Competitive Frontiers in P2P Lending Crowdfunding. In: Bottiglia R, Pichler F, editors. Crowdfunding for SMEs: A European Perspective, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 61–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EBioMedicine.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Finally, A Proven Way To Keep Great White Sharks At Arm’s Length. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/finally-a-proven-way-to-keep-great-white-sharks-at-arms-length/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Khatib E. A phenomenological study on the potential impact of implementing information systems in midsize corporations. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Mets Take a Loss, Preserving Their Ace. New York Times 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEBioMedicine
AbbreviationEBioMedicine
ISSN (print)2352-3964
Scope

Other styles