How to format your references using the Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M (2013) Chronobiology: stepping out of time. Nature 497:S10-2
A journal article with 2 authors
Fainman Y, Porter G (2013) Applied physics. Directing data center traffic. Science 342:202–203
A journal article with 3 authors
Popovych OV, Yanchuk S, Tass PA (2013) Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity. Sci Rep 3:2926
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Denli AM, Tops BBJ, Plasterk RHA, et al (2004) Processing of primary microRNAs by the Microprocessor complex. Nature 432:231–235

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris M (2015) Inside the Crystal Ball. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maeno T, Sawatani Y, Hara T (eds) (2016) Serviceology for Designing the Future: Selected and Edited Papers of the 2nd International Conference on Serviceology. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Dahlgren MA (2011) Higher Education and Becoming a Professional. In: Scanlon L (ed) “Becoming” a Professional: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Professional Learning. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potato Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Laboratory-Grown Penises Ready To Be Tested In Humans. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishna V (2008) Exploring organizational commitment from an organizational perspective: Organizational learning as a determinant of affective commitment in Indian software firms. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Werdigier J (2013) What’s in Your Pension Plan? New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2013; Fainman and Porter 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fainman and Porter 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Denli et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePotato Research
AbbreviationPotato Res.
ISSN (print)0014-3065
ISSN (online)1871-4528
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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