How to format your references using the Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloggett JJ (2013) Comment on “Invasive harlequin ladybird carries biological weapons against native competitors.” Science 341:1342
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorin DJ, Toste FD (2007) Relativistic effects in homogeneous gold catalysis. Nature 446:395–403
A journal article with 3 authors
Schubert G, Russell CT, Moore WB (2000) Timing of the Martian dynamo. Nature 408:666–667
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Asai T, Tena G, Plotnikova J, et al (2002) MAP kinase signalling cascade in Arabidopsis innate immunity. Nature 415:977–983

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert CL (2012) Clinical Trials Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Messina G, Santangelo S (eds) (2006) Carbon: The Future Material for Advanced Technology Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ballmer G (2015) Pursued by Adrenalin, in Pursuit of Dopamine. In: Dyer LA, Forister ML (eds) The Lives of Lepidopterists. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 41–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potato Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Scientists Have Simulated Time Travel With Photons. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) The Federal Interest in Legislative-Administrative Relations in the States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliva DA (2012) Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker M-L (2016) … I Had Actual Egg on My Face. New York Times AR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloggett 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gorin and Toste 2007; Sloggett 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gorin and Toste 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Asai et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePotato Research
AbbreviationPotato Res.
ISSN (print)0014-3065
ISSN (online)1871-4528
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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