How to format your references using the Potato Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Potato Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skinner L (2012) Climate change. A long view on climate sensitivity. Science 337:917–919
A journal article with 2 authors
Noble AJ, Stagg SM (2015) STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. COPI gets a fancy new coat. Science 349:142–143
A journal article with 3 authors
French S, Lekic V, Romanowicz B (2013) Waveform tomography reveals channeled flow at the base of the oceanic asthenosphere. Science 342:227–230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hörz F, Muller RA, Becker TA, et al (2000) Time-variable cratering rates? Science 288:2095a

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lin XS (2006) Introductory Stochastic Analysis for Finance and Insurance: Lin/Introductory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lu X, Zhao W (eds) (2005) Networking and Mobile Computing: Third International Conference, ICCNMC 2005, Zhangjiajie, China, August 2-4, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gor’kov LP (2008) Theory of Superconducting Alloys. In: Bennemann KH, Ketterson JB (eds) Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 201–224

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Potato Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Newly Refined “Liquid Biopsies” Could Detect Cancer From Simple Blood Tests. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) [Comments on the Federal Communications Commission’s Implementation of Section 254(h) of the Communications Act of 1934]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krauss WF (2010) The role of a middle management team during a directed restructuring: A case study of a government agency using Stones’ strong structuration. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) Environmental Lawyer to Head Planning Board. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Skinner 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Skinner 2012; Noble and Stagg 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noble and Stagg 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hörz et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePotato Research
AbbreviationPotato Res.
ISSN (print)0014-3065
ISSN (online)1871-4528
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science

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