How to format your references using the Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lackner KS. Climate change. A guide to CO2 sequestration. Science. 2003;300(5626):1677-1678.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Huard B, Karlsson L. KIR expression on self-reactive CD8+ T cells is controlled by T-cell receptor engagement. Nature. 2000;403(6767):325-328.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Reese C, Heise F, Mayer A. Trans-SNARE pairing can precede a hemifusion intermediate in intracellular membrane fusion. Nature. 2005;436(7049):410-414.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Krattinger SG, Lagudah ES, Spielmeyer W, et al. A putative ABC transporter confers durable resistance to multiple fungal pathogens in wheat. Science. 2009;323(5919):1360-1363.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Banks D. An Introduction to Thermogeology: Ground Source Heating and Cooling. Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Rastinehad AR, Siegel DN, Pinto PA, Wood BJ, eds. Interventional Urology. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Macé S, Anquetil É. A Generic Approach for Pen-Based User Interface Development. In: Calvary G, Pribeanu C, Santucci G, Vanderdonckt J, eds. Computer-Aided Design of User Interfaces V. Springer Netherlands; 2007:57-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 139 New Species Discovered In Mekong, Including Thorny Tree Frog And “Dementor” Wasp. IFLScience. Published May 27, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/139-new-species-discovered-mekong-including-thorny-tree-frog-and-dementor-wasp/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Barham OM. Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric Transformers. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. How Do Kenyan 10K Runners Get to London? Through Raindrops in Oregon. New York Times. June 3, 2012:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences
ISSN (print)2211-4254
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles