How to format your references using the Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman KC. Astronomy. The hunt for dark matter in galaxies. Science. 2003;302(5652):1902-1903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grabbe C, Dikic I. Cell biology. Going global on ubiquitin. Science. 2008;322(5903):872-873.
A journal article with 3 authors
Udem T, Holzwarth R, Hänsch TW. Optical frequency metrology. Nature. 2002;416(6877):233-237.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Krekelberg B, Dannenberg S, Hoffmann KP, Bremmer F, Ross J. Neural correlates of implied motion. Nature. 2003;424(6949):674-677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karamalidis AK, Dzombak DA. Surface Complexation Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Srinivasulu C. South Asian Mammals: Their Diversity, Distribution, and Status. (Srinivasulu B, ed.). Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Nauth P. Goal Understanding and Self-generating Will for Autonomous Humanoid Robots. In: Hippe ZS, Kulikowski JL, Mroczek T, eds. Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer; 2012:41-55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Strange “Star Wars” Cockroach With Halo-Like Helmet Discovered. IFLScience. Published March 10, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tank Recovery Vehicle: Status of Program Acquisition and Full-Scale Engineering Development. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norris C. What Is Lost Along the Way. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. What He Won’t Say, the White Flag Will. New York Times. August 25, 2012:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences
ISSN (print)2211-4254
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

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