How to format your references using the Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stehfest E. Diet: Food choices for health and planet. Nature. 2014;515(7528):501-502.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guth AH, Kaiser DI. Inflationary cosmology: exploring the universe from the smallest to the largest scales. Science. 2005;307(5711):884-890.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawloski JR, Hess DT, Stamler JS. Export by red blood cells of nitric oxide bioactivity. Nature. 2001;409(6820):622-626.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dormitzer PR, Nason EB, Prasad BVV, Harrison SC. Structural rearrangements in the membrane penetration protein of a non-enveloped virus. Nature. 2004;430(7003):1053-1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett MK. Affine and Projective Geometry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
Gil Chaves ID. Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering. 1st ed. 2016. (López JRG, García Zapata JL, Leguizamón Robayo A, Rodríguez Niño G, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Guzman M, Stiglitz JE. A Theory of Pseudo-Wealth. In: Stiglitz JE, Guzman M, eds. Contemporary Issues in Macroeconomics: Lessons from The Crisis and Beyond. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:21-33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Top Six Dinosaur Myths And How We Busted Them. IFLScience. Published June 24, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony). U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baggio BG. Integrating Social Software into Blended -Learning Courses: A Delphi Study of Instructional -Design Processes. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman J, Baker AL. Police in Midtown Wound Suspect in Hammer Attacks. New York Times. May 14, 2015:A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomic Medicine, Biomarkers, and Health Sciences
ISSN (print)2211-4254
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

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