How to format your references using the Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Forget F (2004) Planetary science. Alien weather at the poles of Mars. Science 306:1298–1299
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tarlinton D, Good-Jacobson K (2013) Diversity among memory B cells: origin, consequences, and utility. Science 341:1205–1211
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gitlin L, Karelsky S, Andino R (2002) Short interfering RNA confers intracellular antiviral immunity in human cells. Nature 418:430–434
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Sakurai Y, Itou M, Barbiellini B, et al (2011) Imaging doped holes in a cuprate superconductor with high-resolution Compton scattering. Science 332:698–702

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Calvello AA (2009) Environmental Alpha. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Irena LP, Dopico Md Phd Alex (2016) Vascular Ion Channels in Physiology and Disease. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stankovic I, Voigt J-U (2013) Echocardiography in the Clinical Evaluation of Heart Failure: What Clinicians Need to know and Echocardiographers Should Report. In: Bartunek J, Vanderheyden M (eds) Translational Approach to Heart Failure. Springer, New York, NY, pp 91–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) What Are Those Strange Things You See Floating In Your Eye? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-those-strange-things-you-see-floating-your-eye/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2016) Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pezzolesi MG (2008) Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B (2017) Concert Giants Seek Gold in New York Grit. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
AbbreviationSoc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0933-7954
ISSN (online)1433-9285
ScopeEpidemiology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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