How to format your references using the Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Noda S (2006) Applied physics. Seeking the ultimate nanolaser. Science 314:260–261
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Scruggs J, Jacob P (2009) Engineering. Harvesting ocean wave energy. Science 323:1176–1178
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Liu WW, Mazor O, Wilson RI (2015) Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature 519:353–357
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Keppler F, Eiden R, Niedan V, et al (2000) Halocarbons produced by natural oxidation processes during degradation of organic matter. Nature 403:298–301

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chin W (2016) Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Malhotra RK (2015) Sleepy or Sleepless: Clinical Approach to the Sleep Patient, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yamaguchi M, Miura T (2014) Incremental Patterns in Text Search. In: Zavoral F, Jung JJ, Badica C (eds) Intelligent Distributed Computing VII: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing - IDC 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, September 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Ancient Mini-Monster Head Mystery Solved – Here’s How We Did It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2004) Diploma Mills: Diploma Mills Are Easily Created and Some Have Issued Bogus Degrees to Federal Employees at Government Expense. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fertig BM (2010) Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M (2014) Suit Change Does Not Matter As U.S. Misses Podium Again. New York Times SP7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
AbbreviationSoc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0933-7954
ISSN (online)1433-9285
ScopeEpidemiology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

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