How to format your references using the Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer GI (2008) Materials science. Who wins the nonvolatile memory race? Science 319:1625–1626
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn S, Joyner AL (2005) In vivo analysis of quiescent adult neural stem cells responding to Sonic hedgehog. Nature 437:894–897
A journal article with 3 authors
Lecavelier des Etangs A, Vidal-Madjar A, Désert J-M (2008) The origin of hydrogen around HD 209458b. Nature 456:E1; discussion E1-2
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mirouze M, Reinders J, Bucher E, et al (2009) Selective epigenetic control of retrotransposition in Arabidopsis. Nature 461:427–430

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola B (2013) Markov Chains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Bebis G, Boyle R, Parvin B, et al (2012) Advances in Visual Computing: 8th International Symposium, ISVC 2012, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pan I, Das S (2013) Multi-objective Fractional Order Controller Design with Evolutionary Algorithms. In: Das S (ed) Intelligent Fractional Order Systems and Control: An Introduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 133–146

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Campaign Profiles Litterers From Their DNA And Posts Reconstructions Of Their Faces. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) DOD Dependents Schools: Enrollment Categories, Numbers, and Locations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chepete P (2008) Modeling of the factors affecting mathematical achievement of Form 1 students in Botswana based on the 2003 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach M (2011) In Space, Nice Guys Finish First. New York Times WK12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
AbbreviationSoc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0933-7954
ISSN (online)1433-9285
Psychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles