How to format your references using the Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ekeland I I (2000) Mathematics. Curves and numbers. Nature 405:748–749
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kinchen JM, Ravichandran KS (2010) Identification of two evolutionarily conserved genes regulating processing of engulfed apoptotic cells. Nature 464:778–782
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Friedberg EC, Wagner R, Radman M (2002) Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science 296:1627–1630
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ishida N, Byrnes T, Nori F, Yamamoto Y (2013) Photoluminescence of a microcavity quantum dot system in the quantum strong-coupling regime. Sci Rep 3:1180

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Toptygin IN (2015) Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Drewes H (2009) Geodetic Reference Frames: IAG Symposium Munich, Germany, 9-14 October 2006. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kumar H, Rahman A (2016) Handling Inputs and Events. In: Rahman A (ed) Rapid Game Development Using Cocos2d-JS: An end-to-end guide to 2D game development using JavaScript. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 41–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) It’s a MOSQUITO TORNADO. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/its-mosquito-tornado/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1995) Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lee AM (2010) Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M (2013) His Mission: Beat Swords Into Baubles. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
AbbreviationSoc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol.
ISSN (print)0933-7954
ISSN (online)1433-9285
ScopeEpidemiology
Psychiatry and Mental health
Social Psychology
Health(social science)

Other styles