How to format your references using the Human Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fine C. Neuroscience. His brain, her brain? Science. 2014;346:915–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Post E, Forchhammer MC. Synchronization of animal population dynamics by large-scale climate. Nature. 2002;420:168–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Klöckner H-R, Baan WA, Garrett MA. Investigation of the obscuring circumnuclear torus in the active galaxy Mrk231. Nature. 2003;421:821–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Doulatov S, Hodes A, Dai L, Mandhana N, Liu M, Deora R, et al. Tropism switching in Bordetella bacteriophage defines a family of diversity-generating retroelements. Nature. 2004;431:476–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Technical Planning for on-site Emergencies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
1. Fernandes JM, Machado RJ, Wnuk K, editors. Software Business: 6th International Conference, ICSOB 2015, Braga, Portugal, June 10-12, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Badekas T, Souras N. Osteochondral Lesion of Talus, Ankle Impingement, and Sinus Tarsi Syndrome. In: Jung H-G, editor. Foot and Ankle Disorders: An Illustrated Reference. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 121–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genomics.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Legalization Of Cannabis Dramatically Cuts Opioid Abuse Rates [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/legalization-of-cannabis-dramatically-cuts-opioid-abuse-rates/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. U.S.-Korea Fighter Coproduction Program--the F-16 Version. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Aug. Report No.: T-NSIAD-91-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Goldner VR. Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Otis J. Competing for Glory, and Support. New York Times. 2017 Jun 8;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genomics
AbbreviationHum. Genomics
ISSN (online)1479-7364
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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