How to format your references using the Human Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Aragón AM. A measure for the impact of research. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1649.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Smith MW, Baran PS. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. As simple as [2+2]. Science. 2015;349:925–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gahan LJ, Gould F, Heckel DG. Identification of a gene associated with Bt resistance in Heliothis virescens. Science. 2001;293:857–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang X, Li X, Onuma K, Sogo Y, Ohno T, Ito A. Zn- and Mg- containing tricalcium phosphates-based adjuvants for cancer immunotherapy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. MacIsaac B, Langton R. Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Schomburg D, Schomburg I, Chang A, editors. Class 4–6 Lyases, Isomerases, Ligases: EC 4–6. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Padhan SK, Behera PK, Mohapatra RN. Second-order Symmetric Duality and Variational Problems. In: Mohapatra RN, Chowdhury DR, Giri D, editors. Mathematics and Computing: ICMC, Haldia, India, January 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Genomics.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Is There Life Through The Looking-Glass? The Riddle Of Life’s Single-Handedness [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of HEW Guidelines for Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Systems Under the Social Security Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Oct. Report No.: HRD-79-126.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kay VL. A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cordes K. Mountaineering’s Greatest Climb Unravels. New York Times. 2015 Feb 22;SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Genomics
AbbreviationHum. Genomics
ISSN (online)1479-7364
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

Other styles