How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N. (2009). Transcriptomics: The digital generation. Nature, 458(7235), 239–242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsson, J., & Payne, D. N. (2011). Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 921–922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wheeler, Q., Assis, L., & Rieppel, O. (2013). Phylogenetics: Heed the father of cladistics. Nature, 496(7445), 295–296.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maxmen, A., Browne, W. E., Martindale, M. Q., & Giribet, G. (2005). Neuroanatomy of sea spiders implies an appendicular origin of the protocerebral segment. Nature, 437(7062), 1144–1148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M. (2005). Information Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Snyder, C. (2010). Pro PHP Security: From Application Security Principles to the Implementation of XSS Defenses (T. Myer & M. Southwell, Eds.; Second Edition). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumpulainen, K., & Lankinen, T. (2016). Striving for Educational Equity and Excellence. In H. Niemi, A. Toom, & A. Kallioniemi (Eds.), Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools (Second Revised Edition) (pp. 71–82). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 8). The Bacteria In Our Gut May Influence Our Response To Certain Cancer Treatments. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Computer Misuse by the Sigma Corporation, a NASA Contractor (PSAD-78-148). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, V. (2015). The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, July 3). A Drug Dealer’s Heart Turns Hard. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2009; Nilsson & Payne, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsson & Payne, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wheeler et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maxmen et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioral Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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