How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tatar, M. (2005). Comment on “Long-lived Drosophila with overexpressed dFOXO in adult fat body.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5710), 675; author reply 675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S., & Feldstein, S. B. (2013). Detecting ozone- and greenhouse gas-driven wind trends with observational data. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6119), 563–567.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmauss, C., Lee-McDermott, Z., & Medina, L. R. (2014). Trans-generational effects of early life stress: the role of maternal behavior. Scientific Reports, 4, 4873.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoshimura, M., Ono, M., Watanabe, H., Kimura, H., & Saji, H. (2014). Feasibility of amylin imaging in pancreatic islets with β-amyloid imaging probes. Scientific Reports, 4, 6155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman, A. B. (2017). Rogues of Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu, X.-T. (Ed.). (2009). Controlled Assembly and Modification of Inorganic Systems (Vol. 133). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bault, J.-P., & Loeuillet, L. (2015). Brain Biometrics. In L. Loeuillet (Ed.), The Normal and Pathological Fetal Brain: Ultrasonographic Features (pp. 123–130). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 2). Think Swearing Isn’t Big Or Clever? Think Again. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Fusion Energy: Actions Needed to Finalize Cost and Schedule Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor (GAO-14-499). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grandon, J. (2015). The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, February 16). Wheeler’s Arm Tenderness Draws Caution Lights, Not Alarm Bells. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tatar, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lee & Feldstein, 2013; Tatar, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Feldstein, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Schmauss et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yoshimura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioral Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles