How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neubert, T. (2003). Atmospheric science. On sprites and their exotic kin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5620), 747–749.
A journal article with 2 authors
Billinge, S. J. L., & Levin, I. (2007). The problem with determining atomic structure at the nanoscale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 561–565.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyazawa, A., Fujiyoshi, Y., & Unwin, N. (2003). Structure and gating mechanism of the acetylcholine receptor pore. Nature, 423(6943), 949–955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, X.-F., Feng, Y., Chen, Y., Gao, B. L., & Han, B.-H. (2014). A meta-analysis of olanzapine for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Scientific Reports, 4, 4813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson, G. R. (2011). Six Sigma Quality Improvement with Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Abram, S., & Lund, K. A. (Eds.). (2016). Green Ice: Tourism Ecologies in the European High North. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Yehezkel, C., & Haberman, B. (2006). Bridging the Gap Between School Computing and the “Real World.” In R. T. Mittermeir (Ed.), Informatics Education – The Bridge between Using and Understanding Computers: International Conference in Informatics in Secondary Schools – Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2006, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 7-11, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 38–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, December 8). First Feathers In Amber Matched To A Specific Dinosaur. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: Changing Requirements, Technical Issues, and Looming Data Gaps Require Focused Attention (GAO-12-604). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lauterbach, J. R. (2017). Golf in the Collective: Playing in Liminal Space [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, November 7). Amid Celebrations And the Cheers, Cashman Reflects. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neubert, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Billinge & Levin, 2007; Neubert, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Billinge & Levin, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Miyazawa et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioral Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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