How to format your references using the Health Economics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Economics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Weinberg R. Point: Hypotheses first. Nature. 2010;464:678.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Garcia CM, Ramirez E. Evidence that sensory traps can evolve into honest signals. Nature. 2005;434:501–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cheng Y-N, Wu X-C, Ji Q. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature. 2004;432:383–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li C, Wei R, Jones-Hall YL, Vittal R, Zhang M, Liu W. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes and interstitial lung disease: an association study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Thiessen H. Measuring the Real World. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,; 1996.
An edited book
1. Macdonald C, Ounis I, Plachouras V, Ruthven I, White RW, editors. Advances in Information Retrieval: 30th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2008, Glasgow, UK, March 30-April 3, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Recker J, Safrudin N, Rosemann M. How Novices Model Business Processes. In: Hull R, Mendling J, Tai S, editors. Business Process Management: 8th International Conference, BPM 2010, Hoboken, NJ, USA, September 13-16, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 29–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Economics Review.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Google’s AI Can Dream, and Here’s What it Looks Like. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Initiatives Sponsored by the Office of Management and Budget Have Made Mixed Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-561T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wistrom CA. Perceptions of School Leaders Regarding the Benefits of Leadership Dashboards [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. Where Charlotte and Jane Meet. New York Times. 2017 Jul 28;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Economics Review
AbbreviationHealth Econ. Rev.
ISSN (online)2191-1991

Other styles