How to format your references using the Health Economics Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Economics Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Williams T. Climate science: How Antarctic ice retreats. Nature. 2014;510:39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Oremland RS, Stolz JF. The ecology of arsenic. Science. 2003;300:939–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bogorad IW, Lin T-S, Liao JC. Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature. 2013;502:693–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Murakami M, Hirose K, Kawamura K, Sata N, Ohishi Y. Post-perovskite phase transition in MgSiO3. Science. 2004;304:855–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saghyan AS, Langer P. Asymmetric Synthesis of Non&;#x02010;Proteinogenic Amino Acids. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley&;#x02010;VCH Verlag GmbH &;#38; Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1. Zabransky S, editor. Caring for Children Born Small for Gestational Age. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fuleihan GE-H. Symptomatic Primary Hyperparathyroidism Medical Therapy. In: A KMA, Clark OH, editors. Handbook of Parathyroid Diseases: A Case-Based Practical Guide. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Economics Review.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Brain scans of a self-reported out-of-body experience. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Army Accounting Adjustments--Tank-Automotive Command. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Aug. Report No.: AFMD-92-102ML.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Laskey E. Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. A Faked Death, But No Escape From the Cage. New York Times. 2013 Dec 29;SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Economics Review
AbbreviationHealth Econ. Rev.
ISSN (online)2191-1991
Scope

Other styles