How to format your references using the Social Influence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Influence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rikken, G. L. J. A. (2011). Physics. A new twist on spintronics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 864–865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, C., & Jasin, M. (2000). Frequent chromosomal translocations induced by DNA double-strand breaks. Nature, 405(6787), 697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., Sambles, J. R., & Lawrence, C. R. (2000). Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature, 404(6777), 457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Richardson, C. J., Reiss, P., Hussain, N. A., Alwash, A. J., & Pool, D. J. (2005). The restoration potential of the Mesopotamian marshes of Iraq. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5713), 1307–1311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C. L. (2012). Distillation Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cao, H., & Paltiel, J. (Eds.). (2016). Facing China as a New Global Superpower: Domestic and International Dynamics from a Multidisciplinary Angle. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dreżewski, R., Woźniak, P., & Siwik, L. (2009). Agent-Based Evolutionary System for Traveling Salesman Problem. In E. Corchado, X. Wu, E. Oja, Á. Herrero, & B. Baruque (Eds.), Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems: 4th International Conference, HAIS 2009, Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 34–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Influence.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 15). Discovery Of Oldest Plants Could Rewrite When Complex Life Began On Earth. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Survey at the Regional Finance and Data Processing Center in Paris, France (No. 102796). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, C. (2015). A community-based outreach program for Latinos in Los Angeles County supporting mental health awareness and treatment: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 17). Shot Caller. New York Times, p. C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rikken, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Richardson & Jasin, 2000; Rikken, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson & Jasin, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Vukusic, Sambles, & Lawrence, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Richardson, Reiss, Hussain, Alwash, & Pool, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Influence
AbbreviationSoc. Influ.
ISSN (print)1553-4510
ISSN (online)1553-4529
ScopeSocial Psychology

Other styles