How to format your references using the Social Influence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Influence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2011). Dementia: a problem for our age. Nature, 475(7355), S2-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makse, H. A., & Kurchan, J. (2002). Testing the thermodynamic approach to granular matter with a numerical model of a decisive experiment. Nature, 415(6872), 614–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams, M. A., Tyznik, A. J., & Bevan, M. J. (2006). Interleukin-2 signals during priming are required for secondary expansion of CD8+ memory T cells. Nature, 441(7095), 890–893.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, T., Guo, P., Zhou, Y., Wang, J., Chen, L., Yang, H., Qian, X., & Yang, Q. (2014). A crystal structure-guided rational design switching non-carbohydrate inhibitors’ specificity between two β-GlcNAcase homologs. Scientific Reports, 4, 6188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohos, F. Á. (2017). Confectionery and Chocolate Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Patty, B. W. (Ed.). (2015). Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads (Vol. 222). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lu, C., Mai, Y.-W., & Shen, Y.-G. (2007). The Origin of Superhardness in Nanocomposite Coatings: Analysis of Nanoindentation and Scratch Tests. In Y. L. Bai, Q. S. Zheng, & Y. G. Wei (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005 (pp. 39–49). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Influence.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, June 14). New Type Of Meteorite May Be Remnant Of Colliding Asteroid 470 Million Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Computerized Hospital Medical Information Systems Need Further Evaluation To Ensure Benefits From Huge Investments (AFMD-81-3). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, W. A. (2010). Middle school students’ experiences on a science museum field trip as Preparation for Future Learning [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, June 2). Robert Caro Nears End Of Research on L.B.J. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2011; Makse & Kurchan, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makse & Kurchan, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Williams et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Influence
AbbreviationSoc. Influ.
ISSN (print)1553-4510
ISSN (online)1553-4529
ScopeSocial Psychology

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