How to format your references using the Social Influence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Influence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom, B. R. (2000). On the particularity of pathogens. Nature, 406(6797), 760–761.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishida, H., & Sawada, K. (2001). macho-1 encodes a localized mRNA in ascidian eggs that specifies muscle fate during embryogenesis. Nature, 409(6821), 724–729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veríssimo, A., Cochrane, M. A., & Souza, C., Jr. (2002). Ecology. National forests in the Amazon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1478.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reimers, J. R., Cai, Z.-L., Kobayashi, R., Rätsep, M., Freiberg, A., & Krausz, E. (2013). Assignment of the Q-bands of the chlorophylls: coherence loss via Qx - Qy mixing. Scientific Reports, 3, 2761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinaiski, E. G. (2011). Hydromechanics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Plebani, A., & Lougaris, V. (Eds.). (2015). Agammaglobulinemia (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 4). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunt, H. (2014). Annotations that Effectively Contribute to Semantic Interpretation. In H. Bunt, J. Bos, & S. Pulman (Eds.), Computing Meaning: Volume 4 (pp. 49–69). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Influence.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 4). World First Photograph Shows Bird Flying With Egg Bump. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Funding Information on the State Student Incentive Grant Program and Other Need-Based Student Aid Programs (HRD-84-19). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump, S. (2015). The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, October 17). Green Day Is No. 1. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom, 2000; Nishida & Sawada, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishida & Sawada, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Veríssimo et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Reimers et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Influence
AbbreviationSoc. Influ.
ISSN (print)1553-4510
ISSN (online)1553-4529
ScopeSocial Psychology

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