How to format your references using the Autophagy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autophagy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciesla FJ. Planetary science. Observing our origins. Science 2008; 319:1488–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Löytynoja A, Goldman N. Evolution. Uniting alignments and trees. Science 2009; 324:1528–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Copley A, Avouac J-P, Wernicke BP. Evidence for mechanical coupling and strong Indian lower crust beneath southern Tibet. Nature 2011; 472:79–81.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xiao H, Murakami H, Suga H, Ferré-D’Amaré AR. Structural basis of specific tRNA aminoacylation by a small in vitro selected ribozyme. Nature 2008; 454:358–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weinberg S. Cost-Contained Regulatory Compliance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Glibert PM, Kana TM, editors. Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Tse V, Tse V, Collins R, Perkins J, So K, Medd J. The Female Patient. In: Chan L, Tse V, editors. Multidisciplinary Care of Urinary Incontinence: A Handbook for Health Professionals. London: Springer; 2013. page 31–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autophagy.

Blog post
Andrew E. MH17 Crash Report Establishes The Cause, But Only Criminal Investigation Can Find Those Responsible [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need for Improved Controls for Identifying and Correcting Safety Defects on Light Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anemaet WK. The effects of non -surgical interventions on osteoarthritis-like changes in the mouse knee. 2008;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Black Enclave’s Newcomers: Mr. and Mrs. L.L.C. New York Times2016; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAutophagy
ISSN (print)1554-8627
ISSN (online)1554-8635
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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