How to format your references using the Autophagy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autophagy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Banda E. Science in Europe. Implementing the European research area. Science 2002; 295:443.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Silphaduang U, Noga EJ. Peptide antibiotics in mast cells of fish. Nature 2001; 414:268–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chen J, Weidner DJ, Vaughan MT. The strength of Mg(0.9)Fe(0.1)SiO3 perovskite at high pressure and temperature. Nature 2002; 419:824–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Hrdy I, Hirt RP, Dolezal P, Bardonová L, Foster PG, Tachezy J, Embley TM. Trichomonas hydrogenosomes contain the NADH dehydrogenase module of mitochondrial complex I. Nature 2004; 432:618–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mynbaev KT. Short-Memory Linear Processes and Econometric Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Nourbakhsh SA, Jaumotte BA, Hirsch C, Parizi HB, editors. Turbopumps and Pumping Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Huber W, Hahne F. Cell-Based Assays. In: Gentleman R, Carey VJ, Huber W, Irizarry RA, Dudoit S, editors. Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor. New York, NY: Springer; 2005. page 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autophagy.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. First Pan-African Elephant Census Reveals Dramatic Decline Due To Poaching [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-panafrican-elephant-census-reveals-dramatic-decline-due-to-poaching/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD’s Full-Time, Fully Funded Graduate and Undergraduate Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Oliva DA. Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Fiske IH. CHATTERTON. New York Times1905; :REVIEW OF BOOKSBR509.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAutophagy
AbbreviationAutophagy
ISSN (print)1554-8627
ISSN (online)1554-8635
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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