How to format your references using the Autophagy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Autophagy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. An education that closed doors. Science 2015; 347:578.
A journal article with 2 authors
von Zastrow M, Mostov K. Signal transduction. A new thread in an intricate web. Science 2001; 294:1845–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv NJ, Prokoph A, Veizer J. Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Sci Rep 2014; 4:6150.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hirschberg JH, Brunsveld L, Ramzi A, Vekemans JA, Sijbesma RP, Meijer EW. Helical self-assembled polymers from cooperative stacking of hydrogen-bonded pairs. Nature 2000; 407:167–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq D, Blanke D. Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
Raghukumar C, editor. Biology of Marine Fungi. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Iosifidis P, Wheeler M. Modern Political Communication and Web 2.0 in Representative Democracies: The United States and the British Experience. In: Wheeler M, editor. Public Spheres and Mediated Social Networks in the Western Context and Beyond. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. page 95–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Autophagy.

Blog post
Andrew E. No, The CDC Did Not Apologize And Say The Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Better DOE Controls Needed Over Contractors’ Discretionary R&D Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan DJ. Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Using Their Artistic Vision to Pierce Iran’s Veil. New York Times2016; :WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAutophagy
ISSN (print)1554-8627
ISSN (online)1554-8635
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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