How to format your references using the Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Modern Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Modern Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackert RP Jr (2003) Glaciology. An ice sheet remembers. Science 299:57–58
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox BA, Bzik DJ (2002) De novo pyrimidine biosynthesis is required for virulence of Toxoplasma gondii. Nature 415:926–929
A journal article with 3 authors
Plata G, Henry CS, Vitkup D (2015) Long-term phenotypic evolution of bacteria. Nature 517:369–372
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Koch GW, Sillett SC, Jennings GM, Davis SD (2004) The limits to tree height. Nature 428:851–854

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms M, Darlington P (2005) High Performance Loudspeakers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Rao KS (2014) Robust Speaker Recognition in Noisy Environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kobayashi T, Okada H, Makimoto N, et al (2014) MEMS-based microsensors using piezoelectric thin films as sensors and actuators. In: Udomkichdecha W, Böllinghaus T, Manonukul A, Lexow J (eds) Materials Challenges and Testing for Manufacturing, Mobility, Biomedical Applications and Climate. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Modern Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Strange Reptile Fossil Discovered in China. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Surface Transportation: Research Funding, Federal Role, and Emerging Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haghighat R (2015) An optimization model to allocate budget in school rehabilitation projects. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ahmed A, Semple K (2017) Hurricane Gains Force And Targets Caribbean. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ackert 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fox and Bzik 2002; Ackert 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox and Bzik 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Koch et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMechanics of Advanced Materials and Modern Processes
AbbreviationMech. Adv. Mater. Mod. Process.
ISSN (online)2198-7874

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