How to format your references using the HydroResearch citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HydroResearch. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parkins, W.E., 2006. Energy. Fusion power: will it ever come? Science 311, 1380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dimond, A., Fraser, P., 2013. Molecular biology. Long noncoding RNAs Xist in three dimensions. Science 341, 720–721.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, J.F., Stoner, G.R., Reynolds, J.H., 2004. Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature 429, 410–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, S.-Y., Chang, J.-H., Wu, I.-W., Wu, C.-I., 2014. Alternating current driven organic light emitting diodes using lithium fluoride insulating layers. Sci. Rep. 4, 7559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, V., 2012. Toni Morrison. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Teschendorff, A.E. (Ed.), 2015. Computational and Statistical Epigenomics, Translational Bioinformatics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Maxwell, I., Pigram, D., 2015. Gaudi’s Puffy Jacket: A Method for the Implementation of Fabric Slump Casting in the Construction of Thin-Wall Funicular Vault Structures, in: Block, P., Knippers, J., Mitra, N.J., Wang, W. (Eds.), Advances in Architectural Geometry 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HydroResearch.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. How Far Off Is A Blood Test For Alzheimer’s Disease? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: OPM Has Made Progress on Business Continuity Planning (No. GGD-99-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, S.W., 2010. The complexity of leading in the 21st century: A case study of a successful charter school in an urban school district (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. All Wrapped Up in McQueen. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parkins, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dimond and Fraser, 2013; Parkins, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dimond and Fraser, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydroResearch
ISSN (print)2589-7578

Other styles