How to format your references using the HydroResearch citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HydroResearch. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palese, P., 2012. Don’t censor life-saving science. Nature 481, 115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olsen, A., Ninnemann, U., 2010. Large delta13C gradients in the preindustrial North Atlantic revealed. Science 330, 658–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiesecker, J.M., Blaustein, A.R., Belden, L.K., 2001. Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature 410, 681–684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kassen, R., Buckling, A., Bell, G., Rainey, P.B., 2000. Diversity peaks at intermediate productivity in a laboratory microcosm. Nature 406, 508–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Engle, C.R., Quagrainie, K.K., Dey, M.M., 2016. Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hanus, M. (Ed.), 2007. Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages: 9th International Symposium, PADL 2007, Nice, France, January 14-15, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brandon, D., Thomson, A., Ansell, M., Bregulla, J., Harris, R., Walker, P., 2014. Stiffness Modelling of Non-metallic Timber Connections with Pultruded Dowels, in: Hassan, R., Yusoff, M., Ismail, Z., Amin, N.M., Fadzil, M.A. (Eds.), InCIEC 2013: Proceedings of the International Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Conference 2013. Springer, Singapore, pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HydroResearch.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Flies Evade Swatting With Fighter Jet-Like Maneuvering [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions Threaten Long-Term Viability (No. T-RCED-95-123). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alderson, M., 2017. Procedural Justice and Police Encounters with Homeless Injecting Drug Users (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Songwriters Challenge a Ruling on Licensing. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palese, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Olsen and Ninnemann, 2010; Palese, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olsen and Ninnemann, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kassen et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydroResearch
ISSN (print)2589-7578

Other styles