How to format your references using the HydroResearch citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HydroResearch. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Balancing the books. Nature 428, 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Somerville, M.A., Atlas, R.M., 2005. Ethics: a weapon to counter bioterrorism. Science 307, 1881–1882.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., Hallam, B., Noyes, J., 2007. Brilliant whiteness in ultrathin beetle scales. Science 315, 348.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato, T., Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C., Zelenitsky, D.K., Hsiao, Y.-F., 2005. A pair of shelled eggs inside a female dinosaur. Science 308, 375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima, H., 2010. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Presutti, V., d’Amato, C., Gandon, F., d’Aquin, M., Staab, S., Tordai, A. (Eds.), 2014. The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges: 11th International Conference, ESWC 2014, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Vidal-Rosset, J., 2006. Does Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem Prove that Truth Transcends Proof?, in: Benthem, J. van, Heinzmann, G., Rebuschi, M., Visser, H. (Eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics: Assessing Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Today. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HydroResearch.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Study Suggests Women Are Bisexual Or Gay, But Almost Never Straight [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Improvements Recommended for Better Oversight of the Capitol Page School (No. GGD-79-56). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McConnell, K.F., 2008. Inventing pluralistic education: Compulsory schooling as technique of democratic deliberation (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G., 2016. Where Everybody Knows Your Name and Accepts Your Politics. New York Times D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Somerville and Atlas, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Somerville and Atlas, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydroResearch
ISSN (print)2589-7578

Other styles