How to format your references using the HydroResearch citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HydroResearch. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, R., 2010. Atmospheric science. Getting to the critical nucleus of aerosol formation. Science 328, 1366–1367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law, J.A., Jacobsen, S.E., 2009. Molecular biology. Dynamic DNA methylation. Science 323, 1568–1569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfeiffer, T., Schuster, S., Bonhoeffer, S., 2001. Cooperation and competition in the evolution of ATP-producing pathways. Science 292, 504–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, Y., Fu, X.L., Wang, S., Liu, Z.Y., Ye, Y.F., Sun, B.A., Liu, C.T., 2014. Probing stochastic nano-scale inelastic events in stressed amorphous metal. Sci. Rep. 4, 6699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rumelhard, C., Algani, C., Billabert, A.-L., 2013. Microwave Photonic Links. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kuro-o, M. (Ed.), 2012. Endocrine FGFs and Klothos, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lusk, E., 2009. Using MPI to Implement Scalable Libraries, in: Ropo, M., Westerholm, J., Dongarra, J. (Eds.), Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 6–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HydroResearch.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Lemurs May Hold Secrets To Living Longer, But They Won’t Increase Our Lifespan [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem (No. RCED/AIMD-99-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres Garcia, A.C., 2015. The Impact of Health Insurance Coverage on the Use of Preventive Health Services and Healthy Behaviors: Evidence from Mexico’s Public Health Insurance Program “Seguro Popular” (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2007. Cupcakes a Chicken Can Love. New York Times NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Law and Jacobsen, 2009; Zhang, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Law and Jacobsen, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydroResearch
ISSN (print)2589-7578

Other styles