How to format your references using the Small GTPases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Small GTPases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maugeri L. Science and industry. Oil: never cry wolf--why the petroleum age is far from over. Science 2004; 304:1114–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacPherson RD, Srolovitz DJ. The von Neumann relation generalized to coarsening of three-dimensional microstructures. Nature 2007; 446:1053–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qin Z, Pugno NM, Buehler MJ. Mechanics of fragmentation of crocodile skin and other thin films. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4966.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Levy S, Lahoud E, Shomroni I, Steinhauer J. The a.c. and d.c. Josephson effects in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature 2007; 449:579–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni RG. Color. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Schulte-Werning B, Thompson D, Gautier P-E, Hanson C, Hemsworth B, Nelson J, Maeda T, Vos P de, editors. Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise, Munich, Germany, 4 - 8 September 2007. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Stoimenov N, Chakraborty S, Thiele L. Interface-Based Design of Real-Time Systems. In: Chakraborty S, Eberspächer J, editors. Advances in Real-Time Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. page 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Small GTPases.

Blog post
Carpineti A. There Is A Gigantic Gas Cloud On A Collision Course With The Milky Way. IFLScience2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transition Series: Information Technology Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Errett R. Acid Mine Drainage In The Big Muddy River Watershed. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes B. Golden Globes Put Stars and Politics on the Stage. New York Times2017; :C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSmall GTPases
AbbreviationSmall GTPases
ISSN (print)2154-1248
ISSN (online)2154-1256
Cell Biology

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