How to format your references using the Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Armstrong FA (2013) Chemistry. Copying biology’s ways with hydrogen. Science 339:658–659.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst MO, Banks MS (2002) Humans integrate visual and haptic information in a statistically optimal fashion. Nature 415:429–433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor DG, Gerlagh R, Baiocchi G (2014) Climate policy. Getting serious about categorizing countries. Science 345:34–36.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Dias SJ, Zhou X, Ivanovic M, Gailey MP, Dhar S, Zhang L, He Z, Penman AD, Vijayakumar S, Levenson AS (2013) Nuclear MTA1 overexpression is associated with aggressive prostate cancer, recurrence and metastasis in African Americans. Sci Rep 3:2331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi PŞ, Nagy ZK, Cristea MV, Imre-Lucaci Á (2006) Model Based Control. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Guy TV, Karny M, Wolpert D eds. (2013) Decision Making and Imperfection. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Artamonov VA, Chubarov IA (2008) Dual Algebras of Some Semisimple Finite-dimensional Hopf Algebras. In: Modules and Comodules (Brzeziński T, Gómez Pardo JL, Shestakov I, Smith PF, eds), pp 65–85. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Fungus That Turns Hosts Into Zombies Manipulates Ants To Die On Colony Doorstep. IFLScience Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Information Technology: State Department Led Overseas Modernization Program Faces Management Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee Y-J (2010) Copying and summarizing: Possible tools to develop English reading and writing for university students of different proficiency levels in Korea.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson J (2017) A Palestinian Hip-Hop Film. From Israel. New York Times:AR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Armstrong, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Ernst and Banks, 2002; Armstrong, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Banks, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dias et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience
ISSN (print)0306-4522
ISSN (online)1873-7544
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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