How to format your references using the Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman SD (2008) Comment on “Magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain.” Science 321:640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens RC, Wilson IA (2001) Tech.Sight. Industrializing structural biology. Science 293:519–520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen HZ, Wang W, Yi XX (2014) Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems. Sci Rep 4:6455.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Malcolmson SJ, Meek SJ, Sattely ES, Schrock RR, Hoveyda AH (2008) Highly efficient molybdenum-based catalysts for enantioselective alkene metathesis. Nature 456:933–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R (2012) 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Zuccon G, Geva S, Joho H, Scholer F, Sun A, Zhang P eds. (2015) Information Retrieval Technology: 11th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2015, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, December 2-4, 2015. Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kutrib M, Worsch T (2014) Degrees of Reversibility for DFA and DPDA. In: Reversible Computation: 6th International Conference, RC 2014, Kyoto, Japan, July 10-11, 2014. Proceedings (Yamashita S, Minato S-I, eds), pp 40–53 Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Why Are Pandas Black And White? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Inventory Management: The Army Could Reduce Logistics Costs for Aviation Parts by Adopting Best Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosenberg EL (2010) Learning to live: The clinical importance of first-person accounts of recovery from anorexia nervosa.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Baker AL (2016) A Mother Slain on a Playground, a Sea of Witnesses Gone Silent. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Stevens and Wilson, 2001; Friedman, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Wilson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Malcolmson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience
AbbreviationNeuroscience
ISSN (print)0306-4522
ISSN (online)1873-7544
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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