How to format your references using the Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckling A (2007) Epidemiology. Keep it local. Science 315:1227–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paland S, Lynch M (2006) Transitions to asexuality result in excess amino acid substitutions. Science 311:990–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi T, Kay SA, Schroeder JI (2007) Circadian rhythms. Daily watch on metabolism. Science 318:1730–1731.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Makris NC, Ratilal P, Jagannathan S, Gong Z, Andrews M, Bertsatos I, Godø OR, Nero RW, Jech JM (2009) Critical population density triggers rapid formation of vast oceanic fish shoals. Science 323:1734–1737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samara T (2015) ERP and Information Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aharonian F (2013) Astrophysics at Very High Energies: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 40. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy (Bergström L, Dermer C, Walter R, Türler M, eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Oya M, Ito M, Kimura T (2010) Middleware for the Autonomous Web Services (AWS). In: Software Services for e-World: 10th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2010, Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 3-5, 2010. Proceedings (Cellary W, Estevez E, eds), pp 5–16 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Oldest Known Message-In-A-Bottle Found. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gao S (2009) Characterization of the TAT cell penetrating peptide and directed evolution of new cell penetrating peptides for protein and nucleotide delivery to neuronal -like cells.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2015) Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckling, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Paland and Lynch, 2006; Buckling, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paland and Lynch, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Makris et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience
AbbreviationNeuroscience
ISSN (print)0306-4522
ISSN (online)1873-7544
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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