How to format your references using the Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tranter M (2014) Biogeochemistry: Microbes eat rock under ice. Nature 512:256–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Laat W, Duboule D (2013) Topology of mammalian developmental enhancers and their regulatory landscapes. Nature 502:499–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martinson BC, Anderson MS, de Vries R (2005) Scientists behaving badly. Nature 435:737–738.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Turney CSM, Kershaw AP, Clemens SC, Branch N, Moss PT, Fifield LK (2004) Millennial and orbital variations of El Niño/Southern Oscillation and high-latitude climate in the last glacial period. Nature 428:306–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen KL, Zenobia KE (2011) Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Petković M ed. (2008) Point Estimation of Root Finding Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vallejo VR, Arianoutsou M, Moreira F (2012) Fire Ecology and Post-Fire Restoration Approaches in Southern European Forest Types. In: Post-Fire Management and Restoration of Southern European Forests (Moreira F, Arianoutsou M, Corona P, De las Heras J, eds), pp 93–119 Managing Forest Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Frogs And Fish Can Help Us Learn To Freeze Humans. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Commercial Fishing Vessel: Administration of the Colintino Rose II Loan Guarantee. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh H-C (2010) Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Vanishing Patricians, and Then What? New York Times:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tranter, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (de Laat and Duboule, 2013; Tranter, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Laat and Duboule, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Turney et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuroscience
ISSN (print)0306-4522
ISSN (online)1873-7544
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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