How to format your references using the Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nossal GJV. Mentors and manipulation. Nature. 2004;429(6994):811.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shen Y, Ho LC. The diversity of quasars unified by accretion and orientation. Nature. 2014;513(7517):210-213.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Richardson JJ, Björnmalm M, Caruso F. Multilayer assembly. Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms. Science. 2015;348(6233):aaa2491.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hurlstone AFL, Haramis A-PG, Wienholds E, et al. The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway regulates cardiac valve formation. Nature. 2003;425(6958):633-637.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baldi P, Frasconi P, Smyth P. Modeling the Internet and the Web: Probabilistic Methods and Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2002.
An edited book
1.
Foth M, Brynskov M, Ojala T, eds. Citizen’s Right to the Digital City: Urban Interfaces, Activism, and Placemaking. Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S. Acquisition. In: Devonshire-Ellis C, Scott A, Woollard S, eds. Mergers & Acquisitions in China. Springer; 2011:33-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Africa Has Been Free Of Wild Polio For An Entire Year. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Preliminary Observations on Major Acquisition Projects and Management Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gramajo GG. Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J. Waiting. New York Times. April 28, 2017:MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
AbbreviationNewborn Infant Nurs. Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-3369
ScopePediatrics

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