How to format your references using the Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crampton J. Paleontology. What drives biodiversity changes? Science. 2011;334(6059):1073-1074.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bennett CH, DiVincenzo DP. Quantum information and computation. Nature. 2000;404(6775):247-255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scholl JA, Koh AL, Dionne JA. Quantum plasmon resonances of individual metallic nanoparticles. Nature. 2012;483(7390):421-427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sharon E, Galun M, Sharon D, Basri R, Brandt A. Hierarchy and adaptivity in segmenting visual scenes. Nature. 2006;442(7104):810-813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dant S. Losing Eden. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Geddes CD, ed. Reviews in Fluorescence 2008. Vol 2008. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Heyde L. The Unsatisfied Enlightenment Faith and Pure Insight in Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. In: Desmond W, Onnasch E-O, Cruysberghs P, eds. Philosophy and Religion in German Idealism. Studies in German Idealism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005:71-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews.

Blog post
Hale T. This Millenia-Old Tree Is Undergoing A Sex Change. IFLScience. Published November 3, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman JM. Classroom management: Whose responsibility is it? 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Gifted Frenemies, Egging Each Other on to Greatness. New York Times. August 22, 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
AbbreviationNewborn Infant Nurs. Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-3369

Other styles