How to format your references using the Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. RNA interference: Homing in on delivery. Nature. 2010;464(7292):1225-1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arlot-Bonnemains Y, Prigent C. Cell cycle. A trigger for centrosome duplication. Science. 2002;295(5554):455-456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green MT, Dawson JH, Gray HB. Oxoiron(IV) in chloroperoxidase compound II is basic: implications for P450 chemistry. Science. 2004;304(5677):1653-1656.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schäfer T, Maco B, Petfalski E, et al. Hrr25-dependent phosphorylation state regulates organization of the pre-40S subunit. Nature. 2006;441(7093):651-655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Whitcomb CA, Whitcomb LE. Effective Interpersonal and Team Communication Skills for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Thoma J. Simulation with Entropy Thermodynamics: Understanding Matter and Systems with Bondgraphs. (Mocellin G, ed.). Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Licata AA, Williams SE. The DXA Report: What Every Referring Clinician Needs to Know. In: Williams SE, ed. A DXA Primer for the Practicing Clinician: A Case-Based Manual for Understanding and Interpreting Bone Densitometry. Springer; 2014:43-53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews.

Blog post
Fang J. 240-Million-Year-Old “Grandfather Turtle” Was Just Starting to Have a Shell. IFLScience. Published June 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Misuse of Federal Funds Provided for the Midwest Regional Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman CL. Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. Shakespeare, Commandeered Afresh. New York Times. September 7, 2017:AR28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
AbbreviationNewborn Infant Nurs. Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-3369

Other styles