How to format your references using the Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shlesinger MF. Physics in the noise. Nature. 2001;411(6838):641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleckner D, Bouwmeester D. Sub-kelvin optical cooling of a micromechanical resonator. Nature. 2006;444(7115):75-78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chow J, Kopp RJ, Portney PR. Energy resources and global development. Science. 2003;302(5650):1528-1531.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Levine JD, Funes P, Dowse HB, Hall JC. Resetting the circadian clock by social experience in Drosophila melanogaster. Science. 2002;298(5600):2010-2012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szylar C. Risk Management under UCITS III/IV. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Leal Filho W, Musa H, Cavan G, O’Hare P, Seixas J, eds. Climate Change Adaptation, Resilience and Hazards. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Das S, Pandey DN, Sukavanam N. Approximation of Solutions of a Stochastic Differential Equation. In: Agrawal PN, Mohapatra RN, Singh U, Srivastava HM, eds. Mathematical Analysis and Its Applications: Roorkee, India, December 2014. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer India; 2015:51-62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews.

Blog post
Fang J. Outer Envelope of Flu Virus Simulated for the First Time. IFLScience. Published February 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Internet: Federal Web-Based Complaint Handling. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angell BD. Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Trying to Make Douglass Circle A Gateway, Not a Roadblock. New York Times. April 20, 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNewborn and Infant Nursing Reviews
AbbreviationNewborn Infant Nurs. Rev.
ISSN (print)1527-3369

Other styles