How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thiemens MH. 2001. Atmospheric science. The mass-independent ozone isotope effect. Science. 293(5528):226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhart BJ, Bartel DP. 2002. Small RNAs correspond to centromere heterochromatic repeats. Science. 297(5588):1831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mills CE, Robins JM, Lipsitch M. 2004. Transmissibility of 1918 pandemic influenza. Nature. 432(7019):904–906.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Jochim S, Bartenstein M, Altmeyer A, Hendl G, Riedl S, Chin C, Hecker Denschlag J, Grimm R. 2003. Bose-Einstein condensation of molecules. Science. 302(5653):2101–2103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin A. 2005. Fixed Income Attribution. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Rival X, editor. 2016. Static Analysis: 23rd International Symposium, SAS 2016, Edinburgh, UK, September 8-10, 2016, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Malaval P, Bénaroya C, Aflalo J. 2014. Marketing and Sales Action Plan. In: Bénaroya C, Aflalo J, editors. Aerospace Marketing Management: A Handbook for the Entire Value Chain. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 157–170.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. Tool Use is Innate in Chimpanzees. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Aviation Safety: Commuter Airports Should Participate in the Airport Certification Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M. 2015. A.R.T. / Atmospheric. Retail. Therapy [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S. 2016. A Little Breathing Room in the Financial Aid Gantlet. New York Times.:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thiemens 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Thiemens 2001; Reinhart and Bartel 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhart and Bartel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jochim et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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