How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scalapino DJ. 2008. Physics. This coincidence cannot be accidental. Science. 319(5869):1492–1493.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jan Y-N, Jan L. 2008. Retrospective: Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Science. 319(5859):45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillon RJ, Vennard CT, Charnley AK. 2000. Exploitation of gut bacteria in the locust. Nature. 403(6772):851.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Tegus O, Brück E, Buschow KHJ, de Boer FR. 2002. Transition-metal-based magnetic refrigerants for room-temperature applications. Nature. 415(6868):150–152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stauffer HB. 2007. Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chacon RJ, Mendoza RG, editors. 2012. The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research: Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbasi AM, Shah MH, Khan MA. 2015. Ethnobotanical Aspects of Wild Edible Vegetables. In: Shah MH, Khan MA, editors. Wild Edible Vegetables of Lesser Himalayas: Ethnobotanical and Nutraceutical Aspects, Volume 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 67–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. Increasing Antibiotic Efficacy With Silver. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Claims of Civilian Employees Who Were Overpaid per Diem while Attending Training Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mannar NK. 2017. Hri-Tech Consultants, LLC [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols M. 2017. Out of the Ashes. New York Times.:BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scalapino 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Jan and Jan 2008; Scalapino 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jan and Jan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Tegus et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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