How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson J. 2001. Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly? Science. 293(5532):1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith JL, Sherman DH. 2008. Biochemistry. An enzyme assembly line. Science. 321(5894):1304–1305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mang PK, Larochelle S, Greven M. 2003. Condensed-matter physics: spurious magnetism in high-T(c) superconductor. Nature. 426(6963):139–40; discussion 140.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Pan X, Eathiraj S, Munson M, Lambright DG. 2006. TBC-domain GAPs for Rab GTPases accelerate GTP hydrolysis by a dual-finger mechanism. Nature. 442(7100):303–306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y. 2010. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Terboven C, de Supinski BR, Reble P, Chapman BM, Müller MS, editors. 2015. OpenMP: Heterogenous Execution and Data Movements: 11th International Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2015, Aachen, Germany, October 1-2, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Eralp L, Eren İ. 2015. Knee Arthrodesis with Monolateral External Fixator for the Treatment of Infected Knee Arthroplasty. In: Kocaoğlu M, Tsuchiya H, Eralp L, editors. Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 101–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Small Black Hole Has Huge Appetite That Defies Theory. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page JA. 2009. Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2012. The Olympians’ Housemother. New York Times.:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nelson 2001; Smith and Sherman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Sherman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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