How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore P. 2005. Cell biology: ion channels and stem cells. Nature. 438(7068):699–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell PA, McKenna GB. 2005. Rheological measurements of the thermoviscoelastic response of ultrathin polymer films. Science. 307(5716):1760–1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood BJ, Halliday AN, Rehkämper M. 2010. Volatile accretion history of the Earth. Nature. 467(7319):E6-7.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Nakamura-Messenger K, Messenger S, Keller LP, Clemett SJ, Zolensky ME. 2006. Organic globules in the Tagish Lake meteorite: remnants of the protosolar disk. Science. 314(5804):1439–1442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thornicroft G, Semrau M, Alem A, Drake RE, Ito H, Mari J, McGeorge P, Thara R. 2011. Community Mental Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anttila S, Boffetta P, editors. 2014. Occupational Cancers. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Steiger H-J, Etminan N, Hänggi D. 2015. Dissection of the Aneurysm and Principles of Clipping. In: Etminan N, Hänggi D, editors. Microsurgical Brain Aneurysms: Illustrated Concepts and Cases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Watch Crocodiles Pluck Bats From The Air. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues for Consideration in Developing an Intercity Passenger Rail Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills CC. 2017. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy [Doctoral dissertation]. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2005. Bomb Near a Police Vehicle Kills 13 in North Chechnya. New York Times.:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2005).
This sentence cites two references (O’Connell & McKenna 2005; Moore 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell & McKenna 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakamura-Messenger et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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