How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K. 2003. A winning proposal. Nature. 426:102–103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim H, Kwon S. 2013. Materials science. Water-responsive polymer composites on the move. Science. 339:150–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scales SJ, Finley MF, Scheller RH. 2001. Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science. 294:1015–1016.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Palacios IM, Gatfield D, St Johnston D, Izaurralde E. 2004. An eIF4AIII-containing complex required for mRNA localization and nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Nature. 427:753–757.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kubicek CP. 2012. Fungi and Lignocellulosic Biomass. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Hepp M, Hoffner Y, editors. 2014. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 15th International Conference, EC-Web 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tychsen L. 2010. Visual Cortex Mechanisms of Strabismus: Development and Maldevelopment. In: Lorenz B, Brodsky MC, editors. Pediatric Ophthalmology, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Genetics: Strabismus - New Concepts in Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Could T. Rex Really Only See You If You Moved? IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/could-t-rex-really-only-see-you-if-you-moved/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Information Technology: Numerous Federal Networks Used to Support Homeland Security Need to Be Better Coordinated with Key State and Local Information-Sharing Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jategaonkar SP. 2009. Two essays on stock repurchases and insider trading [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow BYK. 2001. Dreams of a Summer Camp Take the Form of Reality. New York Times.:G10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2003; Kim & Kwon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Kwon 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Palacios et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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