How to format your references using the Veterinary Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lamb S. 2001. Walking with producers. Nature. 412(6844):277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lybarger SR, Sandkvist M. 2004. Microbiology. A hitchhiker’s guide to type IV secretion. Science. 304(5674):1122–1123.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sawai S, Thomason PA, Cox EC. 2005. An autoregulatory circuit for long-range self-organization in Dictyostelium cell populations. Nature. 433(7023):323–326.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Bernhardt TG, Wang IN, Struck DK, Young R. 2001. A protein antibiotic in the phage Qbeta virion: diversity in lysis targets. Science. 292(5525):2326–2329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L. 2010. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Glass BP. 2013. Distal Impact Ejecta Layers: A Record of Large Impacts in Sedimentary Deposits. Simonson BM, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott-Conner CEH, Chassin JL. 2014. Surgical Stapling: Principles and Precautions. In: Scott-Conner CEH, editor. Chassin’s Operative Strategy in General Surgery: An Expositive Atlas. New York, NY: Springer; p. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Quarterly.

Blog post
Davis J. 2017. Bizarre-Looking Hairy Slug Fossil May Be The Ancestor To Snails, Clams, And Octopuses. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Business Systems Modernization: DOD Needs to Fully Define Policies and Procedures for Institutionally Managing Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh H. 2013. A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J. 2017. A Deep Dive for Living Treasure. New York Times.:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lamb 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lamb 2001; Lybarger and Sandkvist 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lybarger and Sandkvist 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Bernhardt et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Quarterly
AbbreviationVet. Q.
ISSN (print)0165-2176
ISSN (online)1875-5941
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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