How to format your references using the Sleep Medicine Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep Medicine Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Werner MJ. Perspective: protect the USA from UVA. Nature 2014;515:S126.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kim K-H, Park Q-H. Perfect anti-reflection from first principles. Sci Rep 2013;3:1062.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Tang Z, Kotov NA, Giersig M. Spontaneous organization of single CdTe nanoparticles into luminescent nanowires. Science 2002;297:237–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang X, Lu W, Dai J, Bourgeois L, Yao J, Wang H, et al. Nanofabrication of highly ordered, tunable metallic mesostructures via quasi-hard-templating of lyotropic liquid crystals. Sci Rep 2014;4:7420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dosil J. Eating Disorders in Athletes. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Suarez CE, editor. Light Metals 2012. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Haberdar H, Albayrak S. A Two-Stage Visual Turkish Sign Language Recognition System Based on Global and Local Features. In: Esposito F, Raś ZW, Malerba D, Semeraro G, editors. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep Medicine Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Your Brain Can Make Decisions During Sleep. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/decision-making-we-can-do-it-our-sleep/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wang T. Trajectory Similarity Based Prediction for Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Pension System Move May Squeeze Taxpayers. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep Medicine Reviews
AbbreviationSleep Med. Rev.
ISSN (print)1087-0792
ScopeClinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Neurology

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