How to format your references using the Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Breaker RR. Complex riboswitches. Science 2008;319:1795–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Meister G, Tuschl T. Mechanisms of gene silencing by double-stranded RNA. Nature 2004;431:343–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Milo A, Bess EN, Sigman MS. Interrogating selectivity in catalysis using molecular vibrations. Nature 2014;507:210–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
De Nadal E, Zapater M, Alepuz PM, Sumoy L, Mas G, Posas F. The MAPK Hog1 recruits Rpd3 histone deacetylase to activate osmoresponsive genes. Nature 2004;427:370–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Müller B, Van de Voorde M. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Grandfield J, editor. Light Metals 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Drugowitsch J, Barry AM. A Principled Foundation for LCS. In: Bacardit J, Bernadó-Mansilla E, Butz MV, Kovacs T, Llorà X, Takadama K, editors. Learning Classifier Systems: 10th International Workshop, IWLCS 2006, Seattle, MA, USA, July 8, 2006 and 11th International Workshop, IWLCS 2007, London, UK, July 8, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Here’s How Scientists Invented Real-Life Sonic Screwdrivers. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-invented-reallife-sonic-screwdrivers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Unit Status and Identity Report (UNITREP) System--What It Does and Does Not Measure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Madigan JP. Regulation of localization and function of the Rho family small GTPase, Rnd3. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Baseball and Showbiz in 1924. New York Times 2014:C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHong Kong Physiotherapy Journal
AbbreviationHong Kong Physiother. J.
ISSN (print)1013-7025
ScopePhysical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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