How to format your references using the Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ransohoff DF. Cancer. Developing molecular biomarkers for cancer. Science 2003;299:1679–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Elbert T, Schauer M. Burnt into memory. Nature 2002;419:883.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dotera T, Oshiro T, Ziherl P. Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature 2014;506:208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Thompson RC, Olsen Y, Mitchell RP, Davis A, Rowland SJ, John AWG, et al. Lost at sea: where is all the plastic? Science 2004;304:838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Tonchia S. Performance Measurement: Linking Balanced Scorecard to Business Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Faust JJ, Masserano BM, Mielke AH, Abraham A, Capco DG. Engineered Nanoparticles Induced Brush Border Disruption in a Human Model of the Intestinal Epithelium. In: Capco DG, Chen Y, editors. Nanomaterial: Impacts on Cell Biology and Medicine, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Russian Spacecraft Fails On Its Way To Orbit. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/russian-spacecraft-explodes/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leadership Remains Key to Agencies Making Progress on Enterprise Architecture Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Blair GT. The effects of a league guided sportsmanship program on the behaviors of youth sports athletes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Qiu L. On When They Met, and Those Vacancies. New York Times 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHong Kong Physiotherapy Journal
AbbreviationHong Kong Physiother. J.
ISSN (print)1013-7025
ScopePhysical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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