How to format your references using the Geoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessin, R. H. (2010). Microbiology. Sex and sacrifice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 1487–1488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunet, J., & Liston, A. (2001). Polyploidy and gender dimorphism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291, 1441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuda, N. J., Ardehali, M. B., & Lis, J. T. (2009). Defining mechanisms that regulate RNA polymerase II transcription in vivo. Nature, 461, 186–192.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Xiao, Y., Zhang, T., Liu, C., Heckel, D. G., Li, X., Tabashnik, B. E., & Wu, K. (2014). Mis-splicing of the ABCC2 gene linked with Bt toxin resistance in Helicoverpa armigera. Scientific reports, 4, 6184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J., Gaare, M., Holguín, J., Bailey, N., & Pratley, T. (2016). Professional Clojure. Indianapolis, IN, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gudmundsdottir, G. B., & Vasbø, K. B. (Eds.). (2014). Methodological Challenges When Exploring Digital Learning Spaces in Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Czeizler, E., Gratie, C., Chiu, W. K., Kanhaiya, K., & Petre, I. (2016). Target Controllability of Linear Networks. In E. Bartocci, P. Lio, & N. Paoletti (Eds.), Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 67–81). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoarchaeology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 6). Ancient Walrus Relative Had No Tusks. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Aviation Security: Federal Action Needed to Strengthen Domestic Air Cargo Security (No. GAO-06-76). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shina, Y. E. (2013). Youth under the care of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems: A grant proposal for crossover youth (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saulny, S. (2004, March 8). Club’s Owner And 2 Others Arrested in Raid. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brunet & Liston, 2001; Kessin, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunet & Liston, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Fuda, Ardehali, & Lis, 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoarchaeology
ISSN (print)0883-6353
ISSN (online)1520-6548
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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