How to format your references using the Geoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes, N. (2008). Immunology. A splicing switch for T cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, W.-X., & Chen, K.-Q. (2014). Enhancement of thermoelectric performance by reducing phonon thermal conductance in multiple core-shell nanowires. Scientific reports, 4, 7150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, C. S., Tout, C. A., & Lattanzio, J. C. (2006). Astronomy. Nucleosynthesis in binary stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311, 345–346.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
La Scola, B., Audic, S., Robert, C., Jungang, L., de Lamballerie, X., Drancourt, M., Birtles, R., Claverie, J.-M., & Raoult, D. (2003). A giant virus in amoebae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 2033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari, M. L., Damo, U. M., Turan, A., & Sánchez, D. (2017). Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dabbagh, N. (2016). Learning Technologies and Globalization: Pedagogical Frameworks and Applications. (A. D. Benson, A. Denham, R. Joseph, M. Al-Freih, G. Zgheib, H. Fake, & Z. Guo, Eds.) (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Naldi, M. C., de Carvalho, A. C. P. L. F., Campell, R. J. G. B., & Hruschka, E. R. (2008). Genetic Clustering for Data Mining. In O. Maimon & L. Rokach (Eds.), Soft Computing for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (pp. 113–132). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoarchaeology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 13). Explosive Rage Linked To Decreased Connectivity Between Key Brain Regions. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Poor Design and Management Hamper Army’s Basic Skills Education Program (No. FPCD-83-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale, N. (2015). Generational preferences in marketing medium selections of animal adoptions in nonprofit organizations: A correlational study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miranda, L.-M. (2017, October 16). Stephen Sondheim. New York Times, p. M2143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Holmes, 2008; Zhou & Chen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou & Chen, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Jeffery, Tout, & Lattanzio, 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (La Scola et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoarchaeology
ISSN (print)0883-6353
ISSN (online)1520-6548
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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