How to format your references using the Geoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kabat, P. (2012). Systems science for policy evaluation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Köhler, H.-R., & Triebskorn, R. (2013). Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond? Science (New York, N.Y.), 341, 759–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abelson, M., Baer, G., & Agnon, A. (2001). Evidence from gabbro of the Troodos ophiolite for lateral magma transport along a slow-spreading mid-ocean ridge. Nature, 409, 72–75.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Song, C.-L., Wang, Y.-L., Cheng, P., Jiang, Y.-P., Li, W., Zhang, T., Li, Z., He, K., Wang, L., Jia, J.-F., Hung, H.-H., Wu, C., Ma, X., Chen, X., & Xue, Q.-K. (2011). Direct observation of nodes and twofold symmetry in FeSe superconductor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 1410–1413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feyel, P. (2013). Loop-shaping Robust Control. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fulop, T., Franceschi, C., Hirokawa, K., & Pawelec, G. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook on Immunosenescence: Basic Understanding and Clinical Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Olsen, N., Hulot, G., & Sabaka, T. J. (2010). Sources of the Geomagnetic Field and the Modern Data That EnableTheir Investigation. In W. Freeden, M. Z. Nashed, & T. Sonar (Eds.), Handbook of Geomathematics (pp. 105–124). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoarchaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 20). An Alternative to Animal Testing in Pharmaceuticals? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Telecommunications: Overview of the Cramming Problem (No. T-RCED-00-28). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valley, M. T. (2010). Deciphering the function of granule cell interneurons in the mouse main olfactory bulb: Insights from adult neurogenesis and local-field potentials (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer, A. E. (2015, March 2). Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kabat, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kabat, 2012; Köhler & Triebskorn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Köhler & Triebskorn, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Abelson, Baer, & Agnon, 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Song et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoarchaeology
ISSN (print)0883-6353
ISSN (online)1520-6548
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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