How to format your references using the Geoarchaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoarchaeology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giomataris, I. (2010). Georges Charpak (1924-2010). Nature, 467, 1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips, G. N., & Evans, K. A. (2004). Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature, 429, 860–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brantley, J. N., Wiggins, K. M., & Bielawski, C. W. (2011). Unclicking the click: mechanically facilitated 1,3-dipolar cycloreversions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 1606–1609.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hinz, C., Namekawa, I., Namekawa, R., Behrmann-Godel, J., Oppelt, C., Jaeschke, A., Müller, A., Friedrich, R. W., & Gerlach, G. (2013). Olfactory imprinting is triggered by MHC peptide ligands. Scientific reports, 3, 2800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gu, X., Jiang, N., Ji, K., Li, H., Qiu, X., Li, W., Ji, X., Du, H., Sheng, B., & Huang, H. (2017). Self-healing Control Technology for Distribution Networks. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Guénet, J. L. (2015). Genetics of the Mouse. (F. Benavides, J.-J. Panthier, & X. Montagutelli, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horneck, G., Rettberg, P., Facius, R., & Scherer, K. (2006). Quantification of Biological Effectiveness of UV Radiation. In F. Ghetti, G. Checcucci, & J. F. Bornman (Eds.), Environmental UV Radiation: Impact on Ecosystems and Human Health and Predictive Models: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Environmental UV Radiation: Impact on Ecosystems and Human Health and Predictive Models Pisa, Italy June 2001 (pp. 51–69). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoarchaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 8). Scientists Discover How A Single Mutation Can Cause Autism. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Issues and Problems Relating to United States-Japan Trade (No. 110554). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yoon, J. (2012). Jan Radzynski’s Canto (1981): An Introductory View of Its Genre, Style, and Form, with Suggestions for Performance (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2016, November 17). Trump Won Battle of Ranting, Raving Twitter Robots, Researchers Say. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giomataris, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips & Evans, 2004; Giomataris, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips & Evans, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Brantley, Wiggins, & Bielawski, 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hinz et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoarchaeology
ISSN (print)0883-6353
ISSN (online)1520-6548
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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