How to format your references using the Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lawrence PA. The politics of publication. Nature. 2003;422(6929):259-261.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lu J, Zuo Y. Neuroscience: Forgetfulness illuminated. Nature. 2015;525(7569):324-325.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sia GM, Clem RL, Huganir RL. The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science. 2013;342(6161):987-991.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pasupathy AN, Bialczak RC, Martinek J, et al. The Kondo effect in the presence of ferromagnetism. Science. 2004;306(5693):86-89.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hopkins BR. Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Wiertz E, Kikkert M, eds. Dislocation and Degradation of Proteins from the Endoplasmic Reticulum. Vol 300. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yu CWM, Velde C. The Changing Context of Business Education: Competency Requirements for the New Paradigm. In: Velde CR, ed. International Perspectives on Competence in the Workplace: Implications for Research, Policy and Practice. Springer Netherlands; 2009:57-85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Chance to Rescue the World’s Oceans From Climate Change is Drifting Away. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program Is Under Way, but Preparedness to Manage an Increase in Subsidy Demand Is Unclear. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yu W. Impacts of Storms and Sea-Level Rise on Coastal Evolution between Two Capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Ambassador Ali. New York Times. June 11, 2016:F14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation
AbbreviationSleep Health
ISSN (print)2352-7218
Scope

Other styles