How to format your references using the Kidney International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dresser R. Weighing the benefits of new Alzheimer’s treatments. Science 2000; 289: 869b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bayer R, Colgrove J. Public health vs. civil liberties. Science 2002; 297: 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Groisman A, Enzelberger M, Quake SR. Microfluidic memory and control devices. Science 2003; 300: 955–958.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Xu X, Zhou Z, Wang X et al. Four-winged dinosaurs from China. Nature 2003; 421: 335–340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Irene EA. Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Jia Y, Du J, Li H et al. eds. Proceedings of the 2015 Chinese Intelligent Systems Conference: Volume 1. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Farnell J, Crookes PI. Investment. In: Irwin Crookes P, ed. The Politics of EU-China Economic Relations: An Uneasy Partnership. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, pp.95–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney International.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Bronze Age “World War Zero” Could Have Wiped Out A Mysterious Civilization. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Internal Revenue Service: Results of Review of IRS Spending for Business Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Copeland AD. A qualitative study of clinical oncology nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J, Bosman J. Kansas Governor’s Tenure May Serve as a Warning for Conservatives. New York Times. July 27, 2017:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney International
AbbreviationKidney Int.
ISSN (print)0085-2538
ISSN (online)1523-1755
ScopeNephrology

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