How to format your references using the Sleep and Breathing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep and Breathing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pilling MJ (2014) Chemical Kinetics. Calculating the pressure dependence of chemical reactions. Science 346:1183–1184
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bridson R, Batty C (2010) Computer science. Computational physics in film. Science 330:1756–1757
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kaiser U, Schwarz A, Wiesendanger R (2007) Magnetic exchange force microscopy with atomic resolution. Nature 446:522–525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Weng KC, Castilho PC, Morrissette JM, et al (2005) Satellite tagging and cardiac physiology reveal niche expansion in salmon sharks. Science 310:104–106

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Eden AH (2011) Codecharts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Tannier E (2010) Comparative Genomics: International Workshop, RECOMB-CG 2010, Ottawa, Canada, October 9-11, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kakehi K, Matsuno Y-K (2011) Capillary Electrophoresis and Its Microchip Format for the Analysis of Glycosaminoglycans. In: Volpi N (ed) Capillary Electrophoresis of Carbohydrates: From Monosaccharides to Complex Polysaccharides. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 83–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep and Breathing.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2016) Atmospheric CO2 Levels Likely To Break Historic Threshold In 2016. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Survey of Pricing on NASA Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kelly EJ (2016) What experiences create and nurture a love of science? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Daoud K (2017) The French Disconnection. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep and Breathing
AbbreviationSleep Breath.
ISSN (print)1520-9512
ISSN (online)1522-1709
ScopeClinical Neurology
Otorhinolaryngology

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