How to format your references using the Sleep and Breathing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep and Breathing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rolison DR (2003) Catalytic nanoarchitectures--the importance of nothing and the unimportance of periodicity. Science 299:1698–1701
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chatterjee S, Callaway EM (2003) Parallel colour-opponent pathways to primary visual cortex. Nature 426:668–671
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sia GM, Clem RL, Huganir RL (2013) The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science 342:987–991
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Isshiki M, Irifune T, Hirose K, et al (2004) Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle. Nature 427:60–63

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taylor B (2005) Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Zadrozny P (2013) Big Data Analytics Using Splunk. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rawski M, Tomaszewicz P, Borowik G, Łuba T (2011) 5 Logic Synthesis Method of Digital Circuits Designed for Implementation with Embedded Memory Blocks of FPGAs. In: Adamski M, Barkalov A, Węgrzyn M (eds) Design of Digital Systems and Devices. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 121–144

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep and Breathing.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) New Frog Species Discovered in New York City. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Deferred Maintenance Reporting: Challenges to Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Otarola AC (2008) The effects of turbulence in an absorbing atmosphere on the propagation of microwave signals used in an active sounding system. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B (2017) Rising Saudi Prince, 31, Advances to One Step From the Throne. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep and Breathing
AbbreviationSleep Breath.
ISSN (print)1520-9512
ISSN (online)1522-1709
ScopeClinical Neurology
Otorhinolaryngology

Other styles