How to format your references using the Sleep and Breathing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep and Breathing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Reed C (2014) Winter is coming. Science 344:1054
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brazeau MD, Ahlberg PE (2006) Tetrapod-like middle ear architecture in a Devonian fish. Nature 439:318–321
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pfleiderer C, Julian SR, Lonzarich GG (2001) Non-Fermi-liquid nature of the normal state of itinerant-electron ferromagnets. Nature 414:427–430
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Shinya K, Ebina M, Yamada S, et al (2006) Avian flu: influenza virus receptors in the human airway. Nature 440:435–436

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Simon L, Ospina J (2015) Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Zanjirani Farahani R, Hekmatfar M (2009) Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Taiana R-D (2011) Systematics and Ecology of Tropical Ectomycorrhizal Fungi Using Molecular Approaches. In: Rai M, Varma A (eds) Diversity and Biotechnology of Ectomycorrhizae. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep and Breathing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Your Gut Bacteria Don’t Like Junk Food – Even If You Do. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1996) Energy Management: Technology Development Program Taking Action to Address Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cinquemani S (2017) Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Clarey C (2016) Open Champion Shows Vulnerability Off the Court, Not on It. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep and Breathing
AbbreviationSleep Breath.
ISSN (print)1520-9512
ISSN (online)1522-1709
ScopeClinical Neurology
Otorhinolaryngology

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