How to format your references using the Sleep and Breathing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep and Breathing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
DeWeerdt S (2011) Animal models: Towards a myeloma mouse. Nature 480:S38-9
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lau W, Sattely ES (2015) Six enzymes from mayapple that complete the biosynthetic pathway to the etoposide aglycone. Science 349:1224–1228
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang Z, Szolnoki A, Perc M (2013) Interdependent network reciprocity in evolutionary games. Sci Rep 3:1183
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ben-David U, Siranosian B, Ha G, et al (2018) Genetic and transcriptional evolution alters cancer cell line drug response. Nature 560:325–330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Larose DT (2005) Data Mining Methods and Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Gerdt VP, Koepf W, Mayr EW, Vorozhtsov EV (2013) Computer Algebra in Scientific Computing: 15th International Workshop, CASC 2013, Berlin, Germany, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Redmer R, Holst B (2010) Metal–Insulator Transition in Dense Hydrogen. In: Redmer R, Hensel F, Holst B (eds) Metal-to-Nonmetal Transitions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 63–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep and Breathing.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) Bronze Age Weapons And Stone Age Structures Discovered Beneath Scotland. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/bronze-age-weapons-stone-age-structures-discovered-beneath-scotland/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1975) Actions Taken or Needed To Curb Widespread Abuse of the Citizens Band Radio Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Farrugia TJ (2010) Abundance, habitat use and movement patterns of the shovelnose guitarfish (Rhinobatus productus) in a restored Southern California estuary. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB (2017) When Politics Roils Market, Tuning Out May Pay Off. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep and Breathing
AbbreviationSleep Breath.
ISSN (print)1520-9512
ISSN (online)1522-1709
ScopeClinical Neurology
Otorhinolaryngology

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