How to format your references using the Biomatter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomatter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Harshaw C. ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-space mapping in the newborn chick resembles humans’’ mental number line".” Science 2015; 348:1438.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Baker MB, Peter T. Small-scale cloud processes and climate. Nature 2008; 451:299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jockers ML, Sag M, Schultz J. Digital archives: Don’t let copyright block data mining. Nature 2012; 490:29–30.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Christians E, Davis AA, Thomas SD, Benjamin IJ. Maternal effect of Hsf1 on reproductive success. Nature 2000; 407:693–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Louis J-P. Control of Synchronous Motors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Abd Manaf A, Sahibuddin S, Ahmad R, Mohd Daud S, El-Qawasmeh E, editors. Informatics Engineering and Information Science: International Conference, ICIEIS 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 14-16, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ritter S. Riding the Third Wave. In: Aleven V, Kay J, Mostow J, editors. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomatter.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. 600-Year-Old Canoe Offers Glimpse of Early Polynesian Explorers [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/600-year-old-canoe-offers-glimpse-early-polynesian-explorers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Long JJ. Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Steelers Are Getting Their 2 Points’ Worth. New York Times2016; :B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomatter
AbbreviationBiomatter
ISSN (print)2159-2527
ISSN (online)2159-2535
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Biomaterials
General Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles