How to format your references using the Biomatter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomatter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Storz G. An expanding universe of noncoding RNAs. Science 2002; 296:1260–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Xiol J, Pillai RS. Molecular biology. Outsourcing genome protection. Science 2012; 337:529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Azzam NA, Hallenbeck JM, Kachar B. Membrane changes during hibernation. Nature 2000; 407:317–8.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Kuznetsov AE, Birch KA, Boldyrev AI, Li X, Zhai H-J, Wang L-S. All-metal antiaromatic molecule: rectangular Al4(4-) in the Li3Al4(-) anion. Science 2003; 300:622–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nomura S. Micromechanics with Mathematica. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Kwuida L, Sertkaya B, editors. Formal Concept Analysis: 8th International Conference, ICFCA 2010, Agadir, Morocco, March 15-18, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Noutsias M, Liu P. Coxsackievirus-induced murine myocarditis and immunomodulatory interventions. In: Schultheiss H-P, Noutsias M, editors. Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy (DCMi): Pathogenesis and Therapy. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010. page 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomatter.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Scientists Photograph Rare Teddy Bear-Like Creature For The First Time In Decades [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-photograph-rare-teddy-bear-creature/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Strategic Planning Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs across Multiple Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Arntson JD. Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. A Cornucopia Of Produce. New York Times2008; :NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomatter
AbbreviationBiomatter
ISSN (print)2159-2527
ISSN (online)2159-2535
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Biomaterials
General Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles