How to format your references using the Biomatter citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomatter. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Regalbuto JR. Engineering. Cellulosic biofuels--got gasoline? Science 2009; 325:822–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Colautti RI, Barrett SCH. Rapid adaptation to climate facilitates range expansion of an invasive plant. Science 2013; 342:364–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nasrallah ME, Liu P, Nasrallah JB. Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science 2002; 297:247–9.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Parteli EJR, Schmidt J, Blümel C, Wirth K-E, Peukert W, Pöschel T. Attractive particle interaction forces and packing density of fine glass powders. Sci Rep 2014; 4:6227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wang B-C. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Ferreira CE, Miyano S, Stadler PF, editors. Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: 5th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 31-September 3, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Prasanna BM, Cairns J, Xu Y. Genomic Tools and Strategies for Breeding Climate Resilient Cereals. In: Kole C, editor. Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. page 213–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomatter.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Plate Tectonics May Have Driven The Evolution Of Life On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/plate-tectonics-may-have-driven-evolution-life-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Must Act Quickly to Prevent Systems Failures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Richey B. Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. SHADOWS OF DOUBT. New York Times2011; :B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomatter
AbbreviationBiomatter
ISSN (print)2159-2527
ISSN (online)2159-2535
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Biomaterials
General Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)

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