How to format your references using the Sleep and Biological Rhythms citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep and Biological Rhythms. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Percy AK. Neuroscience. Path to treat Rett syndrome. Science. 2013;342:318–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Riser SC, Johnson KS. Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean. Nature. 2008;451:323–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Misura KM, Scheller RH, Weis WI. Three-dimensional structure of the neuronal-Sec1-syntaxin 1a complex. Nature. 2000;404:355–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Baldwin IT, Halitschke R, Paschold A, von Dahl CC, Preston CA. Volatile signaling in plant-plant interactions: “talking trees” in the genomics era. Science. 2006;311:812–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bruen GO. WHOIS Running the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Edge CS. Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration. Barker C, Schwiebert E, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pillet S, Svitek N, von Messling V. Ferrets as a Model for Morbillivirus Pathogenesis, Complications, and Vaccines. In: Griffin DE, Oldstone MBA, editors. Measles: Pathogenesis and Control. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep and Biological Rhythms.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Standing on the Shoulders of Giants: How a Louisiana Student is Teaming With Top Scientists to Reform Science Education [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/standing-shoulders-giants-how-louisiana-student-teaming-top-scientists-reform/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Urban Transportation: Issues Related to the South Corridor Study. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Aug. Report No.: RCED-93-195BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Baruth LE. Joan Tower and the clarinet: An examination of her compositional style and a performer’s guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. Bowles Shakes Off Illness To Coach in Blowout Loss. New York Times. 2016 Dec 24;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep and Biological Rhythms
AbbreviationSleep Biol. Rhythms
ISSN (print)1446-9235
ISSN (online)1479-8425
ScopePhysiology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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