How to format your references using the Arnold Mathematical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arnold Mathematical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander, A.D.: How cells know where they are. Science. 339, 923–927 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cunningham, E.J., Russell, A.F.: Egg investment is influenced by male attractiveness in the mallard. Nature. 404, 74–77 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Thibodeaux, C.J., Melançon, C.E., Liu, H.-W.: Unusual sugar biosynthesis and natural product glycodiversification. Nature. 446, 1008–1016 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilkins, C., Dishongh, R., Moore, S.C., Whitt, M.A., Chow, M., Machaca, K.: RNA interference is an antiviral defence mechanism in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 436, 1044–1047 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Courant, R., McShane, E.J.: Differential and Integral Calculus. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (1988)
An edited book
Richichi, A., Delplancke, F., Paresce, F., Chelli, A. eds: The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd Generation Instrumentation: Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 4-8 April 2005. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Sagarin, R., Pauchard, A.: Using All the Senses in Ecology. In: Pauchard, A. (ed.) Observation and Ecology: Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World. pp. 47–61. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arnold Mathematical Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Canadian Weather Forecasters Forbidden From Discussing Climate Change,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Achieving Greater Economies in Data Processing in Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanford, R.: Framing Human Trafficking: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Articles from 2012 and 2013, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Levine, M.D., Brosnahan, M.: The Homelessness Cure, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lander 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cunningham and Russell 2000; Lander 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cunningham and Russell 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilkins et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArnold Mathematical Journal
AbbreviationArnold Math. J.
ISSN (print)2199-6792
ISSN (online)2199-6806

Other styles