How to format your references using the Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fowler, J.H.: Human cooperation: second-order free-riding problem solved? Nature. 437, E8; discussion E8-9 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Marchiori, D., Warglien, M.: Predicting human interactive learning by regret-driven neural networks. Science. 319, 1111–1113 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nasrallah, M.E., Liu, P., Nasrallah, J.B.: Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science. 297, 247–249 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kulkarni, S., Savan, R., Qi, Y., Gao, X., Yuki, Y., Bass, S.E., Martin, M.P., Hunt, P., Deeks, S.G., Telenti, A., Pereyra, F., Goldstein, D., Wolinsky, S., Walker, B., Young, H.A., Carrington, M.: Differential microRNA regulation of HLA-C expression and its association with HIV control. Nature. 472, 495–498 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier, S., Carré, D., Levratto, N.: Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Gilbert, J.K. ed: Visualization in Science Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Prokou, E.: University Reform in Greece: A Shift from Intrinsic to Extrinsic Values. In: Mattheou, D. (ed.) Changing Educational Landscapes: Educational Policies, Schooling Systems and Higher Education - a comparative perspective. pp. 59–74. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Ferns “Talk” Via Pheromones To Decide Sex,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Remon, G.: Not Here Not Now, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dinardo, K.: Sarah Aciego on Breaking Barriers to Arctic Travel, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1044-0305
ISSN (online)1879-1123
ScopeStructural Biology

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