How to format your references using the Apoptosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Apoptosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Csontos D (2010) Exotic matter. Nature 464:175
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rignot E, Thomas RH (2002) Mass balance of polar ice sheets. Science 297:1502–1506
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schaller J, Weiske A, Berger F (2013) Thunderbolt in biogeochemistry: galvanic effects of lightning as another source for metal remobilization. Sci Rep 3:3122
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Mignot T, Shaevitz JW, Hartzell PL, Zusman DR (2007) Evidence that focal adhesion complexes power bacterial gliding motility. Science 315:853–856

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhang W, Chou X, Shi T, et al (2016) Measurement Technology for Micro-Nanometer Devices. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
1.
Lamdin DJ (2012) Consumer Knowledge and Financial Decisions: Lifespan Perspectives. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Caracas R (2013) First-Principles Calculations of Physical Properties of Planetary Ices. In: Gudipati MS, Castillo-Rogez J (eds) The Science of Solar System Ices. Springer, New York, NY, pp 149–169

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Apoptosis.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Artificial Proteins Could Bring The Next Biological Revolution – Starting With MRI. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) Computer Buys: Air Force Logistics Modernization Program Should Comply With Brooks Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nistal França FJ (2017) Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chung G (2016) Chinatown Street Food vs. Mom’s. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApoptosis
AbbreviationApoptosis
ISSN (print)1360-8185
ISSN (online)1573-675X
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Biochemistry, medical
Pharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

Other styles