How to format your references using the Skin Pharmacology and Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Skin Pharmacology and Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Denison R. Worlds of IIF. Nature. 2000 Aug;406(6797):680.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Bettencourt L, West G. A unified theory of urban living. Nature. 2010 Oct;467(7318):912–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gunn LJ, Allison A, Abbott D. A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep;4:6461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Tsurumi A, Dutta P, Dutta P, Shang R, Yan S-J, Sheng R, et al. Drosophila Kdm4 demethylases in histone H3 lysine 9 demethylation and ecdysteroid signaling. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct;3:2894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Hannam J. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1
Georgieva P, Mihaylova L, Jain LC, editors. Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing and Data Mining: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Caldwell CM, Kaplan KB. The Role of APC in Mitosis and in Chromosome Instability. In: Näthke IS, McCartney BM, editors. APC Proteins. New York, NY: Springer; 2009; pp 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Skin Pharmacology and Physiology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. IPCC Reports: We Must Manage Risk of Widespread Climate Change Effects [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Mar [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/ipcc-reports-we-must-manage-risk-widespread-climate-change-effects/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Full Adoption of Sound Transition Planning Practices by GSA and Selected Agencies Could Improve Planning Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Greene L. Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pilon M. I.O.C. Nominates American, Signaling A Thaw in Relations. New York Times. 2013 Jul;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSkin Pharmacology and Physiology
AbbreviationSkin Pharmacol. Physiol.
ISSN (print)1660-5527
ISSN (online)1660-5535
ScopePhysiology
General Medicine
Dermatology
Pharmacology

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