How to format your references using the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J. (2009). The Gonzo Scientist. The Science Dance Match-Up Challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, H., & Iwasaki, A. (2012). A vaccine strategy that protects against genital herpes by establishing local memory T cells. Nature, 491(7424), 463–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rabinovich, M., Huerta, R., & Laurent, G. (2008). Neuroscience. Transient dynamics for neural processing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 48–50.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, W., Ladinsky, M. S., Huey-Tubman, K. E., Jensen, G. J., McIntosh, J. R., & Björkman, P. J. (2008). FcRn-mediated antibody transport across epithelial cells revealed by electron tomography. Nature, 455(7212), 542–546.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, A. (2016). Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kamerman, S. B., Phipps, S., & Ben-Arieh, A. (Eds.). (2010). From Child Welfare to Child Well-Being: An International Perspective on Knowledge in the Service of Policy Making (1st ed., Vol. 1). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Camillieri, G., Golano, P., & Zaffagnini, S. (2014). 3D Anatomy Versus Arthroscopy Versus Navigation. In S. Zaffagnini, R. Becker, G. M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, J. Espregueira Mendes, & C. N. van Dijk (Eds.), ESSKA Instructional Course Lecture Book: Amsterdam 2014 (pp. 49–72). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 26). Astronomers Spot Incredibly Rare Quasar Quartet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Evaluations of Even Start Family Literacy Program Effectiveness (HEHS-00-58R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boysen, J. (2008). The ESCRT machinery, required for endosomal trafficking, is a pH-signaling platform [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., & Harris, E. A. (2015, October 29). Charge of Duct-Tape Assault at a School. New York Times, A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2009; Shin & Iwasaki, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin & Iwasaki, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Rabinovich et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (He et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Review of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationQ. Rev. Econ. Finance
ISSN (print)1062-9769
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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