How to format your references using the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenberger, R. (2007). Astronomy. A texture in the sky? Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1560–1561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajagopalan, H., & Lengauer, C. (2004). Aneuploidy and cancer. Nature, 432(7015), 338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nugent, F. S., Penick, E. C., & Kauer, J. A. (2007). Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses. Nature, 446(7139), 1086–1090.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lin, J., Heo, Y.-U., Nattestad, A., Sun, Z., Wang, L., Kim, J. H., & Dou, S. X. (2014). 3D hierarchical rutile TiO2 and metal-free organic sensitizer producing dye-sensitized solar cells 8.6% conversion efficiency. Scientific Reports, 4, 5769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guillaume, P. (2006). Music and Acoustics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simeonova, P. P., Opopol, N., & Luster, M. I. (Eds.). (2007). Nanotechnology – Toxicological Issues and Environmental Safety and Environmental Safety. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Leggett, J. (2016). Supporting Critical Civic Learning with Interactive Technology. In E. Schnee, A. Better, & M. Clark Cummings (Eds.), Civic Engagement Pedagogy in the Community College: Theory and Practice (pp. 71–91). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 13). Is This The World’s Oldest Melody? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). 2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon (GAO-16-205T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhavsar, K. S. (2017). Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, April 3). N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brandenberger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Brandenberger, 2007; Rajagopalan & Lengauer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajagopalan & Lengauer, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Nugent et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Review of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationQ. Rev. Econ. Finance
ISSN (print)1062-9769
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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