How to format your references using the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson, H. (2015). The world must accept that the HPV vaccine is safe. Nature, 528(7580), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mechoulam, R., & Lichtman, A. H. (2003). Neuroscience. Stout guards of the central nervous system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), 65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bosmans, F., Martin-Eauclaire, M.-F., & Swartz, K. J. (2008). Deconstructing voltage sensor function and pharmacology in sodium channels. Nature, 456(7219), 202–208.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsuo, T., Gambe, Y., Sun, Y., & Honma, I. (2014). Bipolar stacked quasi-all-solid-state lithium secondary batteries with output cell potentials of over 6 V. Scientific Reports, 4, 6084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callahan, K. R., Stetz, G. S., & Brooks, L. M. (2011). Project Management Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, K. C. (Ed.). (2013). Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations (Vol. 32). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Swain, N., Cirenza, C., & Samanta, L. (2016). Role of Proteomics in Female Infertility. In L. Samanta, R. P. Bertolla, D. Durairajanayagam, & P. Intasqui (Eds.), Proteomics in Human Reproduction: Biomarkers for Millennials (pp. 45–63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 19). Elon Musk Hints At Sending Humans Beyond Mars With “Interplanetary Transport System” Spacecraft. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Propane and Heating Oil: Federal Oversight of the Propane Education and Research Council and National Oilheat Research Alliance Should Be Strengthened (No. GAO-10-981T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, B. (2013). Analysis of hydraulic and financial operations of a recycled water system: A case study of the Orange County water district’s green acres project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, December 7). Reyes May Dabble in Outfield as Mets Seek More Versatility. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Larson, 2015; Mechoulam & Lichtman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mechoulam & Lichtman, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bosmans, Martin-Eauclaire, & Swartz, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matsuo, Gambe, Sun, & Honma, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Review of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationQ. Rev. Econ. Finance
ISSN (print)1062-9769
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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