How to format your references using the Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joiner, S. (2000). OPTICS: The Internet of Tomorrow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5498), 1907–1908.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyatt, M. B., & McSween, H. Y., Jr. (2002). Spectral evidence for weathered basalt as an alternative to andesite in the northern lowlands of Mars. Nature, 417(6886), 263–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, F., Matsushima, M., & Honkura, Y. (2005). Simulations of a quasi-Taylor state geomagnetic field including polarity reversals on the Earth Simulator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5733), 459–461.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schneider, T., Kruse, T., Wimmer, R., Wiedemann, I., Sass, V., Pag, U., Jansen, A., Nielsen, A. K., Mygind, P. H., Raventós, D. S., Neve, S., Ravn, B., Bonvin, A. M. J. J., De Maria, L., Andersen, A. S., Gammelgaard, L. K., Sahl, H.-G., & Kristensen, H.-H. (2010). Plectasin, a fungal defensin, targets the bacterial cell wall precursor Lipid II. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1168–1172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tattar, P. N., Ramaiah, S., & Manjunath, B. G. (2016). A Course in Statistics With R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bifet, A., May, M., Zadrozny, B., Gavalda, R., Pedreschi, D., Bonchi, F., Cardoso, J., & Spiliopoulou, M. (Eds.). (2015). Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2015, Porto, Portugal, September 7-11, 2015, Proceedings, Part III (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9286). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ritter, S. (2010). Riding the Third Wave. In V. Aleven, J. Kay, & J. Mostow (Eds.), Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 4–4). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, November 4). Doubt Cast On Research Claiming Chimps Can Learn New “Accents.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). National Laboratories: Better Performance Reporting Could Aid Oversight of Laboratory-Directed R&D Program (GAO-01-927). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilensky, S. E. (2010). 340B prime vendor program: Health center decision making and barriers to participation [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, April 21). Spit and Polish For an Old Soldier. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joiner, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Joiner, 2000; Wyatt & McSween, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wyatt & McSween, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Takahashi et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schneider et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuarterly Review of Economics and Finance
AbbreviationQ. Rev. Econ. Finance
ISSN (print)1062-9769
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles