How to format your references using the Economic Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schooler, J., 2011, Unpublished results hide the decline effect: Nature, v. 470, p. 437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, K., and Rathod, P. K., 2002, Divergent regulation of dihydrofolate reductase between malaria parasite and human host: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 296, p. 545–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, B. M., Finn, K. J., and Li, J. J., 2010, Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 329, p. 943–946.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Talavera, K., Yasumatsu, K., Voets, T., Droogmans, G., Shigemura, N., Ninomiya, Y., Margolskee, R. F., and Nilius, B., 2005, Heat activation of TRPM5 underlies thermal sensitivity of sweet taste: Nature, v. 438, p. 1022–1025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeish, B., 2010, Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations: Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yamada, R., ed., 2014, Measuring Quality of Undergraduate Education in Japan: Comparative Perspective in a Knowledge Based Society: Singapore, Springer, XXI, 221 p. 14 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Salhy, M., Hatlebakk, J. G., and Hausken, T., 2015, How is Irritable Bowel Syndrome Diagnosed?, in Hatlebakk, J. G. and Hausken, T. eds., Understanding and Controlling the Irritable Bowel: Cham, Springer International Publishing, p. 39–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013, Dolphins get high on pufferfish toxin, IFLScience (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005, 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-05-325SP-CD.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mete, R. J., 2010,Can STEM initiatives be social justice oriented: An analysis of urban school reform via smaller learning communitiesDoctoral dissertation: College Park, MD, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dobbins, J., and Hornung, J., 2017, End the old war, finally: New York Times, p. 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schooler, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Rathod, 2002; Schooler, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Rathod, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Talavera et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Geology
ISSN (print)0361-0128
ISSN (online)1554-0774

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