How to format your references using the Economic Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suresh, S., 2012, Research funding: Global challenges need global solutions: Nature, v. 490, p. 337–338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thisse, C., and Zon, L. I., 2002, Organogenesis--heart and blood formation from the zebrafish point of view: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 295, p. 457–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Y., Wang, W., and Kirschner, M. W., 2015, Specificity of the anaphase-promoting complex: a single-molecule study: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 348, p. 1248737.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Guermonprez, P., Saveanu, L., Kleijmeer, M., Davoust, J., Van Endert, P., and Amigorena, S., 2003, ER-phagosome fusion defines an MHC class I cross-presentation compartment in dendritic cells: Nature, v. 425, p. 397–402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lin, X. S., 2006, Introductory Stochastic Analysis for Finance and Insurance: Lin/Introductory: Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Woyshner, C., ed., 2014, Leaders in Social Education: Intellectual Self-Portraits: Leaders in Educational Studies, Rotterdam, SensePublishers, XII, 264 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciurea, M. L., and Iancu, V., 2010, Quantum Confinement in Nanometric Structures, in Baleanu, D., Guvenc, Z. B., and Machado, J. A. T. eds., New Trends in Nanotechnology and Fractional Calculus Applications: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, p. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Geology.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017, Check Out This Mesmerizing Spanish Dancer Sea Slug, IFLScience (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, A Judgmental Call: Measuring the Safety of the Airlines: U.S. Government Printing Office 135528.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barham, O. M., 2017,Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric TransformersDoctoral dissertation: College Park, MD, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2008, Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety: New York Times, p. LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Suresh, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Thisse and Zon, 2002; Suresh, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thisse and Zon, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Guermonprez et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Geology
ISSN (print)0361-0128
ISSN (online)1554-0774

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