How to format your references using the Economic Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sappol, M., 2003, Perceptions of science. The anatomical mission to Burma: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 302, no. 5643, p. 232–233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tallis, H., and Lubchenco, J., 2014, Working together: A call for inclusive conservation: Nature, v. 515, no. 7525, p. 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junge, W., Sielaff, H., and Engelbrecht, S., 2009, Torque generation and elastic power transmission in the rotary F(O)F(1)-ATPase: Nature, v. 459, no. 7245, p. 364–370.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Tanzilli, S., Tittel, W., Halder, M., Alibart, O., Baldi, P., Gisin, N., and Zbinden, H., 2005, A photonic quantum information interface: Nature, v. 437, no. 7055, p. 116–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston, M., 2012, Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook: Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Pöhlmann, S., and Simmons, G., eds., 2013, Viral Entry into Host Cells: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, New York, NY, Springer, XVII, 199 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Swamee, P.K., and Chahar, B.R., 2015, General Principles of Canal Design, in Chahar, B.R. ed., Design of Canals: New Delhi, Springer India, p. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Geology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017, Stunning Video Depicts Cassini Spacecraft’s Dramatic End, IFLScience (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted: U.S. Government Printing Office T-AIMD-98-167.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Partma, L., 2009,Media: Pretrial publicity and its effectsDoctoral dissertation: Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ellsberg, S.S., 1967, Letters; THE ROAD AHEAD: New York Times, p. The New York Times MagazineSM10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sappol, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sappol, 2003; Tallis and Lubchenco, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tallis and Lubchenco, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tanzilli et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Geology
ISSN (print)0361-0128
ISSN (online)1554-0774

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