How to format your references using the IRBM News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Tachibana-Konwalski K. Cell division: Hold on and let go. Nature 2015;517:441–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Williams SR, Stuart GJ. Dependence of EPSP efficacy on synapse location in neocortical pyramidal neurons. Science 2002;295:1907–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Birbeck GL, Meyer A-C, Ogunniyi A. Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature 2015;527:S167-71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sobolev AV, Hofmann AW, Brügmann G, Batanova VG, Kuzmin DV. A quantitative link between recycling and osmium isotopes. Science 2008;321:536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Unmehopa M, Vemuri K, Bennett A. Parlay/OSA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Grupe G, McGlynn GC, editors. Isotopic Landscapes in Bioarchaeology. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gomolińska A. Rough Approximation Based on Weak q-RIFs. In: Peters JF, Skowron A, Wolski M, Chakraborty MK, Wu W-Z, editors. Transactions on Rough Sets X, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 117–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM News.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. “Scarface,” The Beloved Bear Of Yellowstone Park, Has Been Killed. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scarface-beloved-bear-yellowstone-park-has-been-shot/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. School Meal Programs: Implications of Adjusting Income Eligibility Thresholds and Reimbursement Rates by Geographic Differences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bradley KA. A Tennessee Irish Picnic: Foodways and Complex Community Dynamics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Koblin J. Hulu Adds Channels to Streaming Service. New York Times 2016:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM News
AbbreviationIRBM News
ISSN (print)1959-7568
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering

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