How to format your references using the IRBM News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill LAJ. Biochemistry: succinate strikes. Nature 2014;515:350–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adam C, Vidal V. Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates. Science 2010;328:83–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim SF, Huri DA, Snyder SH. Inducible nitric oxide synthase binds, S-nitrosylates, and activates cyclooxygenase-2. Science 2005;310:1966–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao H, Zhou Z, Dong H, Zhang L, Chen H, Hou L. A facile method to align carbon nanotubes on polymeric membrane substrate. Sci Rep 2013;3:3480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan J, VanderBrug J. Gender Lens Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Naylor PA, Gaubitch ND, editors. Speech Dereverberation. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Sass R. Data Banks of Electrolytes. In: Kreysa G, Ota K-I, Savinell RF, editors. Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 291–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM News.

Blog post
Andrew E. Disco Clam Puts On Flashing Light Show To Scare Off Predators. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Racial and Gender Disparities in Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin Y-S. Virtuoso piano transcriptions of Stephen Hough and Marc-André Hamelin: Lisztian tradition in the twenty-first century. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times 2017:C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM News
AbbreviationIRBM News
ISSN (print)1959-7568
Biomedical Engineering

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