How to format your references using the IRBM News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Patching a leaky pipeline. Nature 2004;427:657.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Titus S, Bosch X. Tie funding to research integrity. Nature 2010;466:436–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Faller M, Niederweis M, Schulz GE. The structure of a mycobacterial outer-membrane channel. Science 2004;303:1189–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Takahashi Y, Yamazaki Y, Ihara R, Fujiwara T. Parasitic amorphous on single-domain crystal: structural observations of silicate glass-ceramics. Sci Rep 2013;3:1147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Fogel DB, Liu D, Keller JM. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Wriggers P, Nackenhorst U, editors. Analysis and Simulation of Contact Problems. vol. 27. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Yun J, Jing L, Yu J, Huang H. Unsupervised Feature Weighting Based on Local Feature Relatedness. In: Huang JZ, Cao L, Srivastava J, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 15th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2011, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM News.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Shell Fossils Suggest Our Prehistoric Ancestors Brought Tools to Europe Via the Near East. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/shell-fossils-suggest-our-prehistoric-ancestors-brought-tools-europe-near-east/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Alzaaq AY. Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Chira S. Women Who Voted for Donald Trump, in Their Own Words. New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM News
AbbreviationIRBM News
ISSN (print)1959-7568
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering

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