How to format your references using the IRBM News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. Space-station airlock to serve as temporary lab. Nature 2000;405:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marek PE, Bond JE. Biodiversity hotspots: rediscovery of the world’s leggiest animal. Nature 2006;441:707.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lykotrafitis G, Rosakis AJ, Ravichandran G. Self-healing pulse-like shear ruptures in the laboratory. Science 2006;313:1765–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aigner S, Pietra LD, Japha Y, Entin-Wohlman O, David T, Salem R, et al. Long-range order in electronic transport through disordered metal films. Science 2008;319:1226–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sagolla D. 140 Characters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Dario P, Chatila R, editors. Robotics Research. The Eleventh International Symposium: With 303 Figures. vol. 15. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma Z, Zhao Q, Zeng Y, Zhang H, Dai H-N. AT-MAC: A Novel Full Duplex MAC Design for Achieving Asymmetric Transmission. In: Kim KJ, Wattanapongsakorn N, Joukov N, editors. Mobile and Wireless Technologies 2016, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM News.

Blog post
Hamilton K. XX FILES: The Extraordinary World Of Female Scientists. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Effects of Airline Entry Barriers on Fares. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman V. One yard shy of empowerment: Cinematic portrayals of female athletes. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Hermitage Museum Anniversary Plans. New York Times 2014:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM News
AbbreviationIRBM News
ISSN (print)1959-7568
Biomedical Engineering

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