How to format your references using the IRBM News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IRBM News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gordon RG. Plate tectonics. The Antarctic connection. Nature 2000;404:139–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sabado RL, Bhardwaj N. Cancer immunotherapy: dendritic-cell vaccines on the move. Nature 2015;519:300–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ostojic S, Somfai E, Nienhuis B. Scale invariance and universality of force networks in static granular matter. Nature 2006;439:828–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Romano F, Trasatti E, Lorito S, Piromallo C, Piatanesi A, Ito Y, et al. Structural control on the Tohoku earthquake rupture process investigated by 3D FEM, tsunami and geodetic data. Sci Rep 2014;4:5631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Reason B, Løvlie L, Brand Flu M. Service Design for Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Dosch W, Lee RY, Wu C, editors. Software Engineering Research and Applications: Second International Conference, SERA 2004, Los Angeles, CA, USA, MAY 5-7, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 3647. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Eladawi AE, Diab TO, Elmetwally HT. Forming Temperature Investigation of Aluminum and Aluminum/Silicon Carbide Using Image Texture Features. In: Öchsner A, Altenbach H, editors. Machining, Joining and Modifications of Advanced Materials, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IRBM News.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Six Awesome Facts We Learned About Pluto This Week. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/six-awesome-facts-we-learned-about-pluto-week/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Delivering New Generations of Satellites, but Space System Acquisition Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wang X. Inferences on Gamma Distributions: Uncensored and Censored Cases. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rothenberg B. Women’s Tennis Examines The Serve. New York Times 2017:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIRBM News
AbbreviationIRBM News
ISSN (print)1959-7568
ScopeBiophysics
Biomedical Engineering

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