How to format your references using the IEEE Network citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Network. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Yamaguchi, “Sex differences in vocal learning in birds,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6835, pp. 257–258, May 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. A. Rychert and P. M. Shearer, “A global view of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5926, pp. 495–498, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Nandy, A. Muñoz-Jaramillo, and P. C. H. Martens, “The unusual minimum of sunspot cycle 23 caused by meridional plasma flow variations,” Nature, vol. 471, no. 7336, pp. 80–82, Mar. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. P. van Schaik et al., “Orangutan cultures and the evolution of material culture,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5603, pp. 102–105, Jan. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Fayngold, Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
A. Saad, K. Dahal, M. Sarfraz, and R. Roy, Eds., Soft Computing in Industrial Applications: Recent Trends, vol. 39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Merkel, W. Pannert, and R. Winkler, “On the Vibroacoustic Behaviour of HSS,” in Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures: Manufacturing, Properties and Application, A. Öechsner and C. Augustin, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Network.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “First Commercial Airlock To Be Installed On The ISS In 2019,” IFLScience, 07-Feb-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 098113, Nov. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Ravilla, “Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, “Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman,” New York Times, p. MM18, 17-Aug-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Network
AbbreviationIEEE Netw.
ISSN (print)0890-8044
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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