How to format your references using the IEEE Network citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Network. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Powell, “Make your point,” Nature, vol. 434, no. 7031, pp. 416–417, Mar. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. A. Tercero and J. F. Diffley, “Regulation of DNA replication fork progression through damaged DNA by the Mec1/Rad53 checkpoint,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6846, pp. 553–557, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Lacetera, M. Macis, and R. Slonim, “Public health. Economic rewards to motivate blood donations,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6135, pp. 927–928, May 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Katsuda et al., “Human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells secrete functional neprilysin-bound exosomes,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1197, Feb. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. J. Walter, Local Emergency Planning Committee Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998.
An edited book
D. Bentrem and A. B. Benson, Eds., Gastrointestinal Malignancies. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Giraud, B. Georgeot, and J. Martin, “Entanglement and Localization of Wavefunctions,” in Complex Phenomena in Nanoscale Systems, G. Casati and D. Matrasulov, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, pp. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Network.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Is The Great Barrier Reef Really Dead?,” IFLScience, Oct. 18, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AA-95-35(3), Jul. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Galvarin, “Special education paraeducators as instructional support,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Currie and G. Hay, “Protracted Wait for G.M. Payback,” New York Times, p. B2, Nov. 05, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Network
AbbreviationIEEE Netw.
ISSN (print)0890-8044
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

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