How to format your references using the IEEE Network citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Network. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Meunier, “Chemistry. Catalytic degradation of chlorinated phenols,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5566, pp. 270–271, Apr. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. C. Boles and K. J. Lohmann, “True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6918, pp. 60–63, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Berkhout, A. T. Das, and N. Beerens, “HIV-1 RNA editing, hypermutation, and error-prone reverse transcription,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5514, p. 7, Apr. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Keren, R. S. Berman, E. Buchstab, U. Sivan, and E. Braun, “DNA-templated carbon nanotube field-effect transistor,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5649, pp. 1380–1382, Nov. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. R. Paschedag, CFD in der Verfahrenstechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
T. Kühne, Ed., Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MoDELS 2006, Genoa, Italy, October 1-6, 2006, Reports and Revised Selected Papers, vol. 4364. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4364. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Gregory, “Gabriel’s Map: Cartography and Corpography in Modern War,” in Geographies of Knowledge and Power, P. Meusburger, D. Gregory, and L. Suarsana, Eds., in Knowledge and Space. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015, pp. 89–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Network.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Why Has Mark Zuckerberg Put Tape Over His Camera?,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-88-92BR, Aug. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Gary, “Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Viera, “Giants’ Manning Needs 12 Stitches After a Collision,” New York Times, p. B12, Aug. 17, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Network
AbbreviationIEEE Netw.
ISSN (print)0890-8044
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles