How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hernandez, E.R. No Room on the Carousel for Meeting of like Minds. Nature 2000, 407, 285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bullock, S.L.; Ish-Horowicz, D. Conserved Signals and Machinery for RNA Transport in Drosophila Oogenesis and Embryogenesis. Nature 2001, 414, 611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks, A.R.; Marec, F.; Breeuwer, J.A. A Mite Species That Consists Entirely of Haploid Females. Science 2001, 292, 2479–2482.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gillooly, J.F.; Brown, J.H.; West, G.B.; Savage, V.M.; Charnov, E.L. Effects of Size and Temperature on Metabolic Rate. Science 2001, 293, 2248–2251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman, B.W. How Food Made History; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781444344677.
An edited book
Interactive Storytelling: Third Joint Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2010, Edinburgh, UK, November 1-3, 2010. Proceedings; Aylett, R., Lim, M.Y., Louchart, S., Petta, P., Riedl, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6432; ISBN 9783642166372.
A chapter in an edited book
Godinot, M. Primate Origins: A Reappraisal of Historical Data Favoring Tupaiid Affinities. In PRIMATE ORIGINS: Adaptations and Evolution; Ravosa, M.J., Dagosto, M., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007; pp. 83–142 ISBN 9780387303352.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Scientists Figure Out Why High Intensity Training Can Be As Effective As Longer Exercise Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grizzel, R.E. Three Choral Works by Dr. James Mobberley—the Analysis Rehearsal, and Performance of “Poem to Ease Birth”, “Lullaby”, and “Spring: O Sparrow.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M.; Walsh, M.W. Island Trips for Treasury. New York Times 2015, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles