How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thorne, K.S. Classical Black Holes: The Nonlinear Dynamics of Curved Spacetime. Science 2012, 337, 536–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamiyama, D.; Chiba, A. Endogenous Activation Patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila Embryos. Science 2009, 324, 1338–1340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sagy, A.; Reches, Z.; Fineberg, J. Dynamic Fracture by Large Extraterrestrial Impacts as the Origin of Shatter Cones. Nature 2002, 418, 310–313.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morrow, T.J.; Li, M.; Kim, J.; Mayer, T.S.; Keating, C.D. Programmed Assembly of DNA-Coated Nanowire Devices. Science 2009, 323, 352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R. Flows and Chemical Reactions in an Electromagnetic Field; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119054153.
An edited book
Hakeem, F.B. Policing Muslim Communities: Comparative International Context; Haberfeld, M.R., Verma, A., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; ISBN 9781461435518.
A chapter in an edited book
Maher, C.A.; Sran, M.K.; Yankelewitz, D. Towers: Schemes, Strategies, and Arguments. In Combinatorics and Reasoning: Representing, Justifying and Building Isomorphisms; Maher, C.A., Powell, A.B., Uptegrove, E.B., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010; pp. 27–43 ISBN 9780387981314.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Company Claims Their Flying Car Will Hit Markets In Two Years Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Immigrant Education: Information on the Emergency Immigrant Education Act Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivera, C. The Role of Privacy, Brand Labeling, and Cost on Condom Procurement: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Assess a University Policy. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana: Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erard, M. The Content of Their Characters. New York Times 2017, MM35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles