How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korgel, B.A. Materials Science. Nanosprings Take Shape. Science 2005, 309, 1683–1684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Purvis, A.; Hector, A. Getting the Measure of Biodiversity. Nature 2000, 405, 212–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laskar, J.; Levrard, B.; Mustard, J.F. Orbital Forcing of the Martian Polar Layered Deposits. Nature 2002, 419, 375–377.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, C.; Hu, W.; Wu, H.; Hu, X. No Evident Dose-Response Relationship between Cellular ROS Level and Its Cytotoxicity--a Paradoxical Issue in ROS-Based Cancer Therapy. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bock, R. Handbuch Der Analytisch-Chemischen Aufschlussmethoden; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005; ISBN 9783527603275.
An edited book
Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016; Kerschen, G., Ed.; Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319297385.
A chapter in an edited book
Philippe, X. Les Dommages-Intérêts Pour Violation Des Droits de l’homme En France. In Damages for Violations of Human Rights: A Comparative Study of Domestic Legal Systems; Bagińska, E., Ed.; Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 69–100 ISBN 9783319189499.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Hale, T. The Hilarious Winners Of The Comedy Wildlife Photo Awards 2016 Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet]; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1988;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
van der Veen, A.M. Domestic Politics, International Inaction: The United States and Human Rights Treaties. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. On Chinatown’s Basketball Courts, It’s the Year of Yao. New York Times 2003, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles