How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Green, H.W., 2nd Plate Tectonics. A Graveyard for Buoyant Slabs? Science 2001, 292, 2445–2446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nuth, J.A., 3rd; Johnson, N.M. Astronomy. Complex Protostellar Chemistry. Science 2012, 336, 424–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, X.-Q.; Shen, H.-W.; Cheng, X.-Q. Trading Network Predicts Stock Price. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3711.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bergemann, M.; Sesar, B.; Cohen, J.G.; Serenelli, A.M.; Sheffield, A.; Li, T.S.; Casagrande, L.; Johnston, K.V.; Laporte, C.F.P.; Price-Whelan, A.M.; et al. Two Chemically Similar Stellar Overdensities on Opposite Sides of the Plane of the Galactic Disk. Nature 2018, 555, 334–337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné, A. Fractal Geography; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118603178.
An edited book
Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development; Nakao, K., Minato, N., Uemoto, S., Eds.; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2015; ISBN 9784431556503.
A chapter in an edited book
Torres-Jimenez, J.; Avila-George, H.; Rangel-Valdez, N.; Martinez-Pena, J. Optimization of Investment Options Using SQL. In Advances in Artificial Intelligence – IBERAMIA 2010: 12th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Bahía Blanca, Argentina, November 1-5, 2010. Proceedings; Kuri-Morales, A., Simari, G.R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 30–39 ISBN 9783642169519.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Plan to Spy on Sharks Using Camera Traps Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Mexican Trucking Wages; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1993;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, J. Caregivers with Sibling Sets: A Curriculum to Increase Contact and Permanency for Siblings in out-of-Home Care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Reaches Out To Vatican. New York Times 2003, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles