How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi, B. Learning from the elite. Nature 2010, 466, S4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, X.-Q.; Xu, D. Calculating forest biomass changes in China. Science 2002, 296, 1359; discussion 1359.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thorne, S.H.; Negrin, R.S.; Contag, C.H. Synergistic antitumor effects of immune cell-viral biotherapy. Science 2006, 311, 1780–1784.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Levine, J.A.; Lanningham-Foster, L.M.; McCrady, S.K.; Krizan, A.C.; Olson, L.R.; Kane, P.H.; Jensen, M.D.; Clark, M.M. Interindividual variation in posture allocation: possible role in human obesity. Science 2005, 307, 584–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N.H.; Wong, H.Y. Handbook of Financial Risk Management; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118573570.
An edited book
Shivanna, K.R. Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual; Tandon, R., Ed.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2014; ISBN 9788132220022.
A chapter in an edited book
Sahu, P.K.; Pal, S.R.; Das, A.K. Interval Estimation. In Estimation and Inferential Statistics; Pal, S.R., Das, A.K., Eds.; Springer India: New Delhi, 2015; pp. 131–144 ISBN 9788132225133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Another Chimpanzee Personhood Claim Fails, But There’s Hope Yet Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress in Planning Governmentwide Program but Challenges Remain; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, L. From Albéniz to Arbós: The orchestration of “Iberia.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. Parent Companies. New York Times 2016, MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles