How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju, G.R. The all-chemist. Nature 2000, 408, 407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ware, D.M.; Thomson, R.E. Bottom-up ecosystem trophic dynamics determine fish production in the Northeast Pacific. Science 2005, 308, 1280–1284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puckett, J.G.; Kelley, D.H.; Ouellette, N.T. Searching for effective forces in laboratory insect swarms. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paukner, A.; Suomi, S.J.; Visalberghi, E.; Ferrari, P.F. Capuchin monkeys display affiliation toward humans who imitate them. Science 2009, 325, 880–883.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iyengar, S.S.; Parameshwaran, N.; Phoha, V.V.; Balakrishnan, N.; Okoye, C.D. Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9780470890158.
An edited book
Liu, J. Reliability of Microtechnology: Interconnects, Devices and Systems; Salmela, O., Sarkka, J., Morris, J.E., Tegehall, P.-E., Andersson, C., Eds.; 1st ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; ISBN 9781441957597.
A chapter in an edited book
Gant, C.; Laverman, G.D.; Navis, G. MRA Inhibition in CKD: More Than Salt and Water. In Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges; Goldsmith, D., Covic, A., Spaak, J., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 41–50 ISBN 9783319091617.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Fang, J. Japanese Black Bears Are Ecosystem Engineers, Bringing Light Into Forests Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Judicial Space Follow-up; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhandari, S. The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. Cowboys Have It All (Including, Somehow, a Losing Record). New York Times 2017, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles