How to format your references using the Sinusitis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sinusitis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFall-Ngai, M. Adaptive immunity: care for the community. Nature 2007, 445, 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tao, Z.-Y.; Fan, Y.-X. Orthogonality breaking induces extraordinary single-mode transparency in an elaborate waveguide with wall corrugations. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7092.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripati, A.K.; Roberts, C.D.; Eagle, R.A. Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science 2009, 326, 1394–1397.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matsui, Y.; Seki, K.; Hibara, A.; Mizoguchi, T. An estimation of molecular dynamic behaviour in a liquid using core-loss spectroscopy. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dosil, J. Eating Disorders in Athletes; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, West Sussex, England, 2008; ISBN 9780470725047.
An edited book
Coluccia, G. Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems; Ravazzi, C., Magli, E., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering; Springer: Singapore, 2015; ISBN 9789812873897.
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng, H.; Feng, X.-T.; Chen, Z.; Hudson, J.A.; Wang, Y. ISRM Suggested Method for Reporting Rock Laboratory Test Data in Electronic Format. In The ISRM Suggested Methods for Rock Characterization, Testing and Monitoring: 2007-2014; Ulusay, R., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 57–94 ISBN 9783319077123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sinusitis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. If The US Had Price On Carbon, Would Keystone XL Have Made Sense? (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Supercomputers; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, H.T. The Songs of Lori Laitman: An Analysis of Sunflowers and Early Snow. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. Hulu Adds Channels to Streaming Service. New York Times 2016, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSinusitis
ISSN (online)2309-107X

Other styles