How to format your references using the Chemical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, C. A. Geochemistry. How Fast Does Gold Trickle out of Volcanoes? Science 2006, 314 (5797), 263–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rogers, R. D.; Seddon, K. R. Chemistry. Ionic Liquids--Solvents of the Future? Science 2003, 302 (5646), 792–793.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji, S.; Kiyohara, N.; Higo, T. Large Anomalous Hall Effect in a Non-Collinear Antiferromagnet at Room Temperature. Nature 2015, 527 (7577), 212–215.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, K.; Jiang, T.; Yu, B.; Wang, L.; Gao, C.; Ma, C.; Xu, P.; Ma, Y. Escherichia Coli Transcription Termination Factor NusA: Heat-Induced Oligomerization and Chaperone Activity. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2347.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore, R. G.; Garland, A. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: West Sussex, England, 2008.
An edited book
Rai, R. K. The Yamuna River Basin: Water Resources and Environment; Upadhyay, A., Ojha, C. S. P., Singh, V. P., Eds.; Water Science and Technology Library; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012; Vol. 66.
A chapter in an edited book
Puzio, L.; Peters, J. F. Nearness of Subtly Different Digital Images. In Transactions on Rough Sets XVI; Peters, J. F., Skowron, A., Ramanna, S., Suraj, Z., Wang, X., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Fossil Clue Found To Epic Ancient Battle Between Huge Predators (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls; GAO-16-228T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharp, K. The Epistolary Form: A Familiar Fiction. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eder, S.; Silver-Greenberg, J.; Cowley, S. Watchdog Targeted as an Obama-Era Holdover. New York Times. August 31, 2017, p A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Rev.
ISSN (print)0009-2665
ISSN (online)1520-6890
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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