How to format your references using the Chemical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaines, S. Sex, Love and Science. Nature 2001, 413 (6853), 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, M. D.; Silver, P. G. The Subduction Zone Flow Field from Seismic Anisotropy: A Global View. Science 2008, 319 (5861), 315–318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo, D. W.; Rosenthal, Y.; Linsley, B. K. 2,000-Year-Long Temperature and Hydrology Reconstructions from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool. Nature 2009, 460 (7259), 1113–1116.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Martianov, I.; Ramadass, A.; Serra Barros, A.; Chow, N.; Akoulitchev, A. Repression of the Human Dihydrofolate Reductase Gene by a Non-Coding Interfering Transcript. Nature 2007, 445 (7128), 666–670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh, A. H. Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 1996.
An edited book
Cancer Grading Manual, 2nd ed. 2013.; Damjanov, I., Fan, F., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lamanna, D. D.; Lodi, G.; Baldoni, R. How Not to Be Seen in the Cloud: A Progressive Privacy Solution for Desktop-as-a-Service. In On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2012: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, DOA-SVI, and ODBASE 2012, Rome, Italy, September 10-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part II; Meersman, R., Panetto, H., Dillon, T., Rinderle-Ma, S., Dadam, P., Zhou, X., Pearson, S., Ferscha, A., Bergamaschi, S., Cruz, I. F., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp 492–510.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J. Scientists Restore Sight In Blind Mice. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest Alleging Agency Did Not Evaluate Proposals Fairly; B-178220; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo, A. Y. A Program to Increase Health Literacy for Older Latino Adults Residing in La Habra, California: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M.; Walsh, M. W. Unions Fight Scranton Mayor After He Cuts Pay to Minimum Wage. New York Times. July 11, 2012, p A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Rev.
ISSN (print)0009-2665
ISSN (online)1520-6890
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

Other styles