How to format your references using the Chemical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ibáñez Insa, J. Geochemistry. Reformulating Table Salt under Pressure. Science 2013, 342 (6165), 1459–1460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bullock, S. L.; Ish-Horowicz, D. Conserved Signals and Machinery for RNA Transport in Drosophila Oogenesis and Embryogenesis. Nature 2001, 414 (6864), 611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pronin, S. V.; Reiher, C. A.; Shenvi, R. A. Stereoinversion of Tertiary Alcohols to Tertiary-Alkyl Isonitriles and Amines. Nature 2013, 501 (7466), 195–199.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kee, K.; Angeles, V. T.; Flores, M.; Nguyen, H. N.; Reijo Pera, R. A. Human DAZL, DAZ and BOULE Genes Modulate Primordial Germ-Cell and Haploid Gamete Formation. Nature 2009, 462 (7270), 222–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murdoch, I.; Turpin, S.; Johnston, B.; MacLullich, A.; Losman, E. Geriatric Emergencies; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Roux, S. The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy; Garber, D., Ed.; Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; Vol. 282.
A chapter in an edited book
Becvar, D. S. Facilitating Family Resilience in Clinical Practice. In Handbook of Family Resilience; Becvar, D. S., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T. Divers Encounter Enormous Ocean Sunfish (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Procurement: Improving the Management of Delegated Contract Functions; NSIAD-92-75; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, C. Medication-Assisted Treatment: Education for Those Who Assist in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Curriculum Development. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Levine, M. D.; Brosnahan, M. The Homelessness Cure. New York Times. October 19, 2015, p A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Rev.
ISSN (print)0009-2665
ISSN (online)1520-6890
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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