How to format your references using the Chemical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waxman, E. Neutrino Astrophysics: A New Tool for Exploring the Universe. Science 2007, 315 (5808), 63–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatfield, D.; Schibler, U. Physiology. Proteasomes Keep the Circadian Clock Ticking. Science 2007, 316 (5828), 1135–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu, R.; Reczek, D.; Brondyk, W. Capture-Stabilize Approach for Membrane Protein SPR Assays. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7360.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Staddon, P. L.; Ramsey, C. B.; Ostle, N.; Ineson, P.; Fitter, A. H. Rapid Turnover of Hyphae of Mycorrhizal Fungi Determined by AMS Microanalysis of 14C. Science 2003, 300 (5622), 1138–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H. S. L. C. Performance Based Building Design 2; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
Topics in Acoustic Echo and Noise Control: Selected Methods for the Cancellation of Acoustical Echoes, the Reduction of Background Noise, and Speech Processing; Hänsler, E., Schmidt, G., Eds.; Signals and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Moore, P.; Evans, C.; Pham, H. V. Towards Integrating Emotion into Intelligent Context. In Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2011 and 2012 Workshops: Combined WISE 2011 and WISE 2012 Workshops, Sydney Australia, October 12-14, 2011 and Paphos, Cyprus, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers; Haller, A., Huang, G., Huang, Z., Paik, H.-Y., Sheng, Q. Z., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., Sudan, M., Terzopoulos, D., Tygar, D., Vardi, M. Y., Weikum, G., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp 27–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Reviews.

Blog post
Davis, J. Zimbabwe Sell 24 Wild-Caught Baby Elephants to China. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Selected Information on Student Financial Aid Received by Legal Immigrants; HEHS-96-7; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, S. Characterization of Interaction of Calmodulin and Its Chimeras with Orai1. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Button, L. We Were a Party of Two, but Never Quite Alone. New York Times. August 17, 2014, p ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Reviews
AbbreviationChem. Rev.
ISSN (print)0009-2665
ISSN (online)1520-6890
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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