How to format your references using the Hydrological Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahadevan, M. S. (2010) Genetics. Exposing a DUX tale. Science 329(5999), 1607–1608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cardoso da Silva, J. M. & Tabarelli, M. (2000) Tree species impoverishment and the future flora of the Atlantic forest of northeast Brazil. Nature 404(6773), 72–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra, M. K., Wajapeyee, N. & Green, M. R. (2009) F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature 459(7247), 722–725.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aubert, J., Amit, H., Hulot, G. & Olson, P. (2008) Thermochemical flows couple the Earth’s inner core growth to mantle heterogeneity. Nature 454(7205), 758–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maji, P. & Pal, S. K. (2012) Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schulz, H. D. & Zabel, M. (Eds.). (2006) Marine Geochemistry, 2nd revised, updated and extended edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards, S. A. & Vasudevan, N. (2010) Compiling SHIM. In: Synthesis of Embedded Software: Frameworks and Methodologies for Correctness by Construction (S. K. Shukla & J.-P. Talpin, eds.), 121–146. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 17) Shift Work Causes Breast Cancer In Mice, According To A New Study – So What Does This Mean For Humans? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984) The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Request for Radio Frequencies ( No. RCED-84-158). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coyle, M. (2017) Pre-Service School Counselor’s Perception of Professional Identity Development During Internship (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2001, November 14) World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Signs Land Reform Law. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mahadevan, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cardoso da Silva & Tabarelli, 2000, Mahadevan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cardoso da Silva & Tabarelli, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Aubert et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Sciences Journal
AbbreviationHydrol. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0262-6667
ISSN (online)2150-3435
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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