How to format your references using the Hydrological Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, K. (2014) Sampling biases in datasets of historical mean air temperature over land. Sci. Rep. 4, 4637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giessen, H. & Vogelgesang, R. (2009) Physics. Glimpsing the weak magnetic field of light. Science 326(5952), 529–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harvey, C. D., Coen, P. & Tank, D. W. (2012) Choice-specific sequences in parietal cortex during a virtual-navigation decision task. Nature 484(7392), 62–68.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, X., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Lee, S. & Dai, H. (2008) Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science 319(5867), 1229–1232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mory, M. (2013) Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kyrala, G. A. (Ed.). (2005) High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, H., Hao, F., Zhu, C., Rodrigues, J. J. P. C. & Yang, L. T. (2012) An Android Multimedia Framework Based on Gstreamer. In: Green Communications and Networking: First International Conference, GreeNets 2011, Colmar, France, October 5-7, 2011, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, L. Zhou, M. Chen & A. Kailas, eds.), 51–62. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, May 9) Some Of The World’s Top Scientists Met Recently To Discuss How To Find Alien Life. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016) Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges ( No. GAO-16-765T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shroff, N. (2012) Efficient sensing, summarization and classification of videos (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, September 25) A Timeless Observer. New York Times BR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Giessen & Vogelgesang, 2009, Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giessen & Vogelgesang, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Sciences Journal
AbbreviationHydrol. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0262-6667
ISSN (online)2150-3435
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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