How to format your references using the Hydrological Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, J. H. (2004) Anthropology. Getting to know Homo erectus. Science 305(5680), 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field, B. & Osbourn, A. E. (2008) Metabolic diversification--independent assembly of operon-like gene clusters in different plants. Science 320(5875), 543–547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, B., Yu, Z.-H. & Fei, S.-M. (2013) Geometry of quantum computation with qutrits. Sci. Rep. 3, 2594.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chapman, M. R., Robinson, L. S., Pinkner, J. S., Roth, R., Heuser, J., Hammar, M., Normark, S., et al. (2002) Role of Escherichia coli curli operons in directing amyloid fiber formation. Science 295(5556), 851–855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sokhanvar, S., Dargahi, J., Najarian, S. & Arbatani, S. (2012) Tactile Sensing and Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Broersma, H., Erlebach, T., Friedetzky, T. & Paulusma, D. (Eds.). (2008) Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 34th International Workshop, WG 2008, Durham, UK, June 30 – July 2, 2008. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 5344. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Llobet, M. (2012) Terrorism: Limits Between Crime and War. The Fallacy of the Slogan ‘War on Terror’. In: Post 9/11 and the State of Permanent Legal Emergency: Security and Human Rights in Countering Terrorism (A. Masferrer, ed.), 101–117. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 10) The Deadly Poison Lurking In A Frog The Size Of Your Fingernail. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004) Student Consolidation Loans: Further Analysis Could Lead to Enhanced Default Assumptions for Budgetary Cost Estimates ( No. GAO-04-843). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, E. K. (2003) The Sophisticated Genetic Diversities of Human Complement Component C4 and RCCX Modules in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2013, October 29) Bolshoi’s Plans for New York Remain Unclear. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Field & Osbourn, 2008, Schwartz, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Field & Osbourn, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Sciences Journal
AbbreviationHydrol. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0262-6667
ISSN (online)2150-3435
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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