How to format your references using the Hydrological Sciences Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hydrological Sciences Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strittmatter, W. J. (2012) Medicine. Old drug, new hope for Alzheimer’s disease. Science 335(6075), 1447–1448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boolchand, P. & Bresser, W. J. (2001) Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes. Nature 410(6832), 1070–1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bennett, V. C., Brandon, A. D. & Nutman, A. P. (2007) Coupled 142Nd-143Nd isotopic evidence for Hadean mantle dynamics. Science 318(5858), 1907–1910.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiang, L., Li, J. K., Cheng, P. M., Liu, G., Wang, R. H., Chen, B. A., Zhang, J. Y., et al. (2014) Microalloying ultrafine grained Al alloys with enhanced ductility. Sci. Rep. 4, 3605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Celant, G. & Broniatowski, M. (2016) Interpolation and Extrapolation Optimal Designs 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gao, M. C., Yeh, J.-W., Liaw, P. K. & Zhang, Y. (Eds.). (2016) High-Entropy Alloys: Fundamentals and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Raman, M., Ambalam, P. & Doble, M. (2016) Bioactive Carbohydrate: Prebiotics and Colorectal Cancer. In: Probiotics and Bioactive Carbohydrates in Colon Cancer Management (P. Ambalam & M. Doble, eds.), 57–82. New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 30) NASA Wants To Build A Mini Space Station Near The Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990) Commerce ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information ( No. IMTEC-90-77FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom, R. C. (2017) Digital Martyrs and Shadowless Assailants: The Projective Shadow’s Emergence in Cyberspace (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schembari, J. (2016, October 20) Take a Spin With a Pro. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strittmatter, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Boolchand & Bresser, 2001, Strittmatter, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boolchand & Bresser, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHydrological Sciences Journal
AbbreviationHydrol. Sci. J.
ISSN (print)0262-6667
ISSN (online)2150-3435
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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