How to format your references using the Signal, Image and Video Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Signal, Image and Video Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raffaelli, D.: Ecology. From Elton to mathematics and back again. Science. 296, 1035–1037 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, H.-Y., Zhang, Y.-Q.: Processing and characterisation of a novel electropolymerized silk fibroin hydrogel membrane. Sci. Rep. 4, 6182 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Girart, J.M., Rao, R., Marrone, D.P.: Magnetic fields in the formation of sun-like stars. Science. 313, 812–814 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shaw, P., Greenstein, D., Lerch, J., Clasen, L., Lenroot, R., Gogtay, N., Evans, A., Rapoport, J., Giedd, J.: Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature. 440, 676–679 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S.T., Séguin, B.: Veterinary Surgical Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK (2012)
An edited book
Melin, P., Castillo, O., Kacprzyk, J. eds: Design of Intelligent Systems Based on Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks and Nature-Inspired Optimization. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Bault, J.-P., Loeuillet, L.: Tips and Traps. In: Loeuillet, L. (ed.) The Normal and Pathological Fetal Brain: Ultrasonographic Features. pp. 131–134. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Signal, Image and Video Processing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Mercury Spins Nine Seconds Faster Than We Thought It Did,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Review of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pincolini, R.: Latchkey girls, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: A Parent’s Small Moment of Grace, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSignal, Image and Video Processing
AbbreviationSignal Image Video Process.
ISSN (print)1863-1703
ISSN (online)1863-1711
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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