How to format your references using the Signal, Image and Video Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Signal, Image and Video Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R.: Charles H. Townes (1915-2015). Nature. 519, 292 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, R.T., Lovley, D.R.: Hexadecane decay by methanogenesis. Nature. 404, 722–723 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavriil, F.P., Kaspi, V.M., Woods, P.M.: Magnetar-like X-ray bursts from an anomalous X-ray pulsar. Nature. 419, 142–144 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, C., Fu, X., Liu, L., Ren, X., Chau, C.K.L., Li, S., Xiang, L., Zeng, H., Chen, G., Tang, L.-H., Lenz, P., Cui, X., Huang, W., Hwa, T., Huang, J.-D.: Sequential establishment of stripe patterns in an expanding cell population. Science. 334, 238–241 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J.: Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2010)
An edited book
Anděl, J., Bičík, I., Dostál, P., Lipský, Z., Shahneshin, S.G. eds: Landscape Modelling: Geographical Space, Transformation and Future Scenarios. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Mostofi, Y., Ghaffarkhah, A.: Kalman Filtering Over Wireless Fading Channels. In: Mazumder, S.K. (ed.) Wireless Networking Based Control. pp. 103–134. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Signal, Image and Video Processing.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Sonar Images Reveal A WW2 Submarine Sunk By A Nazi Ship,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Alternative Market Mechanisms for the Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C.: An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F.: An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSignal, Image and Video Processing
AbbreviationSignal Image Video Process.
ISSN (print)1863-1703
ISSN (online)1863-1711
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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