How to format your references using the Clinical Neuroradiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Neuroradiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nauenberg M. Comment on “How cats lap: water uptake by Felis catus.” Science. 2011;334:311; author reply 311.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wilberg MJ, Miller TJ. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science. 2007;316:1285; author reply 1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alkire MT, Hudetz AG, Tononi G. Consciousness and anesthesia. Science. 2008;322:876–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yan KS, Yan S, Farooq A, Han A, Zeng L, Zhou M-M. Structure and conserved RNA binding of the PAZ domain. Nature. 2003;426:468–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Köhler A, Bässler H. Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1. Huang F, Finkelstein M, Rostan M, editors. The Internationalization of the Academy: Changes, Realities and Prospects. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Matsumoto N. Gene Analysis of Marfan Syndrome. In: Kazui T, Takamoto S, editors. Advances in Understanding Aortic Diseases. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2009. p. 23–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Neuroradiology.

Blog post
1. Felton J. US Police Are Less Respectful Towards Black Citizens, Body Cam Footage Analysis Reveals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/us-police-are-less-respectful-towards-black-citizens-body-cam-footage-analysis-reveals/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: Critical Areas NASA Needs to Address in Managing Its Reusable Launch Vehicle Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-826T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Davies GL. An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Soble J. Bankruptcy Of Takata May Ripple For Years. New York Times. 2017 Jun 26;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Neuroradiology
AbbreviationClin. Neuroradiol.
ISSN (print)1869-1439
ISSN (online)1869-1447
Scope

Other styles