How to format your references using the Future Cities and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Cities and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haag A (2007) Alternatives in Colorado. Nature 446:578–579
A journal article with 2 authors
Bel S, Hooper LV (2015) Immunology: A bacterial nudge to T-cell function. Nature 526:328–330
A journal article with 3 authors
Mishra L, Derynck R, Mishra B (2005) Transforming growth factor-beta signaling in stem cells and cancer. Science 310:68–71
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Romera M, Talatchian P, Tsunegi S, et al (2018) Vowel recognition with four coupled spin-torque nano-oscillators. Nature 563:230–234

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandez-Maloigne C, Robert-Inacio F, Macaire L (2012) Digital Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Madhavan G, Oakley B, Green D, et al (2013) Practicing Sustainability. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Eppinger E, Tinnemann P (2014) Technology Transfer of Publicly Funded Research Results from Academia to Industry: Societal Responsibilities? In: van den Hoven J, Doorn N, Swierstra T, et al (eds) Responsible Innovation 1: Innovative Solutions for Global Issues. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 67–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Cities and Environment.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Scientists May Have Finally Figured Out Who Is The Best Superhero. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Tax System Modernization: Status of IRS’ Input Processing Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini B (2015) Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) With Trump and Press: Much Heat, Little Light. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Cities and Environment
AbbreviationFutur. Cities Environ.
ISSN (online)2363-9075

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