How to format your references using the Future Cities and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Cities and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fortin D (2004) Geochemistry. What biogenic minerals tell us. Science 303:1618–1619
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rice SA, Haselkorn R (2012) Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011). Nature 481:266
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kessler D, Gase K, Baldwin IT (2008) Field experiments with transformed plants reveal the sense of floral scents. Science 321:1200–1202
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Myers S, Bottolo L, Freeman C, et al (2005) A fine-scale map of recombination rates and hotspots across the human genome. Science 310:321–324

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kindmann R, Kraus M (2012) Steel Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
1.
Pendergast JM (2011) Building a Successful Family Business Board: A Guide for Leaders, Directors, and Families. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Morris GP, Mohanakumar T (2011) Clinical Evaluation of Alloantibodies in Solid Organ Transplantation. In: Liapis H, Wang HL (eds) Pathology of Solid Organ Transplantation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Cities and Environment.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) 11 Fitness Myths That Are Doing More Harm Than Good. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/11-fitness-myths-that-are-doing-more-harm-than-good/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1996) School Lunch Program: Cafeteria Managers’ Views on Food Wasted by Students. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Khojandi N (2017) Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2012) Muni Bonds Not as Safe As Thought. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Cities and Environment
AbbreviationFutur. Cities Environ.
ISSN (online)2363-9075
Scope

Other styles