How to format your references using the Future Cities and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Cities and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trounson A (2009) Obituary: Xiangzhong (Jerry) Yang (1959-2009). Nature 458:161
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillespie PG, Walker RG (2001) Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction. Nature 413:194–202
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu Q, Clark MS, Palmiter RD (2012) Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite. Nature 483:594–597
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Woodside MT, Anthony PC, Behnke-Parks WM, et al (2006) Direct measurement of the full, sequence-dependent folding landscape of a nucleic acid. Science 314:1001–1004

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen TH (2016) Leaders and Innovators. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gelmetti C (2007) La scuola dell’atopia. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Bessler S, Reichl P (2006) A Network Provisioning Scheme Based on Decentralized Bandwidth Auctions. In: Raghavan S, Anandalingam G (eds) Telecommunications Planning: Innovations in Pricing, Network Design and Management. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 89–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Cities and Environment.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Peer Deeply into the Cross-Section of the Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Olympic Security: Better Planning Can Enhance U.S. Support to Future Olympic Games. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jang SH (2010) Interpretation of extended techniques in unaccompanied flute works by East-Asian composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin S (2013) The Border Is a Back Door for U.S. Device Searches. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Cities and Environment
AbbreviationFutur. Cities Environ.
ISSN (online)2363-9075

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